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  #1  
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Default Important topics for essay and CA

dear members, please share your insights regarding the most import topics for CA and essay exams considering the trends of last 2-3 years.
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Greetings!

For current affairs paper, expected topics are enumerated below:

1. SIFC (Opportunities for Pakistan)
2. Surge in terrorism/ cross border terrorism in Pakistan. (Prepare it keeping in view the developments in Afghanistan, Role of TTP and other militant outfits)
3. Census 2023 (Youth Bulge, Unemployment, Utilization of Human Capital)
4. Rule of Law.
5. Economic Revival of Pakistan. (New insights)
6. US Elections. (Impact on Indo-Pacific region, US-China Rivalry, South China Sea, etc.)
7. Regionalism and Multilateralism. (Projects like IMEC, expansion of BRICS, SCO, G-20, G-7, etc.)
8. Palestinian Crisis. (Turmoil in Middle East, regional as well as international implications)
9. National Integration in a polarized environment.
10. Health of Democracy. (in Pakistan as well as at International level)
11. Judicial Activism in Pakistan
12. CPEC Phase II
13. Elections in India 2024 (Regional as well as International implications)
14. Rise of AI (Generative AI, Neural Networks, Machine Learning, TOS, etc.)
15. Russia-Ukraine War. (Lessons learnt) (Expansion of NATO, Russia withdrawing from International treaties, Russian Elections etc.)
16. Non-traditional security threats. (Water crisis, energy crisis, food insecurity, health insecurity, hybrid wars, deteriorating rule of law etc.)
17. Climate Change. (COP28)
18. Taiwanese Presidential Elections. (Chinese-Taiwanese Conflict)
19. Separatist Movements.
20. Iran-Saudi Rapprochement.

For Essay. (Prepare for Generic Topics)
Themes:
1. Gender and Women Studies (Women rights, feminism, gender discrimination.
2. Technology (AI)
3. Geopolitics. (Multi-polarity, rise of East, cooperation vs competition, etc.)
4. Democracy. (Health of institutions, new wave illiberal ideologies, surge in populist ideologies)
5. Health, Education, Economy, Society, etc.
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Greetings (came here from the other thread)

Does anyone have any idea about how to structure answers and Essays in AD MoD descriptive? E.g; in CSS there are 4 qs to be attempted in roughly 3 hrs so that gives about 35 min approx per qs. Also, each qs is expected to range from at least 5-8/10 pgs. We won't have that luxury with this exam. Same with CSS essay; a relevant, coherent, well-argued essay of 1600-2000/2200 words (tends to make the cut) to be written within 3 hrs (for me it takes at least first 45 min for proper brainstorming, rough drafting outline+ intro). How do we structure the AD MoD Essay?

P.S: I'll try to come up with my plan and share it here if possible. Would like to know other aspirants' insights as well. Many brains are better than one.

Best Wishes!
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Cobalt View Post
Greetings!

For current affairs paper, expected topics are enumerated below:

1. SIFC (Opportunities for Pakistan)
2. Surge in terrorism/ cross border terrorism in Pakistan. (Prepare it keeping in view the developments in Afghanistan, Role of TTP and other militant outfits)
3. Census 2023 (Youth Bulge, Unemployment, Utilization of Human Capital)
4. Rule of Law.
5. Economic Revival of Pakistan. (New insights)
6. US Elections. (Impact on Indo-Pacific region, US-China Rivalry, South China Sea, etc.)
7. Regionalism and Multilateralism. (Projects like IMEC, expansion of BRICS, SCO, G-20, G-7, etc.)
8. Palestinian Crisis. (Turmoil in Middle East, regional as well as international implications)
9. National Integration in a polarized environment.
10. Health of Democracy. (in Pakistan as well as at International level)
11. Judicial Activism in Pakistan
12. CPEC Phase II
13. Elections in India 2024 (Regional as well as International implications)
14. Rise of AI (Generative AI, Neural Networks, Machine Learning, TOS, etc.)
15. Russia-Ukraine War. (Lessons learnt) (Expansion of NATO, Russia withdrawing from International treaties, Russian Elections etc.)
16. Non-traditional security threats. (Water crisis, energy crisis, food insecurity, health insecurity, hybrid wars, deteriorating rule of law etc.)
17. Climate Change. (COP28)
18. Taiwanese Presidential Elections. (Chinese-Taiwanese Conflict)
19. Separatist Movements.
20. Iran-Saudi Rapprochement.

For Essay. (Prepare for Generic Topics)
Themes:
1. Gender and Women Studies (Women rights, feminism, gender discrimination.
2. Technology (AI)
3. Geopolitics. (Multi-polarity, rise of East, cooperation vs competition, etc.)
4. Democracy. (Health of institutions, new wave illiberal ideologies, surge in populist ideologies)
5. Health, Education, Economy, Society, etc.
Pretty comprehensive list. Thanks a lot!
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Medisol View Post
Greetings (came here from the other thread)

Does anyone have any idea about how to structure answers and Essays in AD MoD descriptive? E.g; in CSS there are 4 qs to be attempted in roughly 3 hrs so that gives about 35 min approx per qs. Also, each qs is expected to range from at least 5-8/10 pgs. We won't have that luxury with this exam. Same with CSS essay; a relevant, coherent, well-argued essay of 1600-2000/2200 words (tends to make the cut) to be written within 3 hrs (for me it takes at least first 45 min for proper brainstorming, rough drafting outline+ intro). How do we structure the AD MoD Essay?

P.S: I'll try to come up with my plan and share it here if possible. Would like to know other aspirants' insights as well. Many brains are better than one.

Best Wishes!
The structure of the essay depends on the topic you select. For instance, if the topic comprises of a lot of aspects to be covered, you should go for maximum aspects and write briefly on each. If the topic has only a few areas of importance, you should consider writing comprehensively on each area. Obviously, introduction, conclusion and suggestions will always be there. Some essays are data driven, while some demand opinions. There are 3 or 4 types of them, canít recall but I suggest you go through the internet to know more about the types specially in terms of competitive exams. If youíre worried about the brainstorming part, 9/10 candidates who want to ensure a good standard of writing spend 30-60 mins in drafting the outline and some part of intro (thats relevant for a 3 hour exam, if the allotted time less than that, you must adjust accordingly). Finally, a good balance among quantity of words, depth and breadth of knowledge, and quality of vocabulary should be displayed in your writings IN EACH PARAGRAPH. It is said that essay is rather a test of writing quality (vocabulary, grammar, and overall writing ability) than knowledge. However, you should always have hard facts up your sleeve!! Lastly, whatever Iíve said is based on my personal experience as Iíve been fortunate enough to pass essay exams (a few times).

Suggestions are more than welcome!

Regards.
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Greetings!

For current affairs paper, few tips and tricks are mentioned below:

On average, each answer should be compiled in 2 to 3 leaves of answer sheet (4 to 6) pages, if you are providing quality content to the examiner.

(Secret tip, the average length of each answer should be kept 5 pages in order to depict uniformity and make examiner ascertain that you have grip over the topics under consideration)

Answers must comprise of headings and sub-headings. (Headings and Sub-headings must be self-explanatory)

Try to incorporate maps, figures, tables and flowcharts in your answers. (This technique saves time a lot by making crisp answer)

Each answer must have an introduction, body and conclusion.

Introduction of each answer must tend to throw light on the background/history of the topic under consideration in few sentences before highlighting current developments pertinent the same topic. Also, introduction should have a thesis statement, which actually sets the direction of an answer.

Body of the answer should have sub-headings that must be self-explanatory.

Conclusion must have an optimistic tone offering new vistas.

Same goes for Essay Paper.
Structuring depends upon the nature of the essay.
Most of the essay topics are expository in nature. (Try to answer W-H questions, define pros-cons, boons-banes, opportunities-threats, solutions-remedies, suggestions, SWOT analysis, etc.)
Look for different domains like Technological, social, economic, religious, cultural, environmental, political, etc.)
For further delving into details, or as the situation demands, apply level of analyses for discussing implications/effects/impacts, etc. at:

1. National level
2. Regional level
3. International level

In case the essay is argumentative essay, follow Hegelian method. (Thesis, Anti-thesis, synthesis and conclusion.)

Regards.
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