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Old Sunday, March 23, 2008
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Post English (Précis & Composition) Paper 2008

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION

COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR
RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN BPS-17 UNDER
THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2008

ENGLISH (Précis & Composition)



TIME ALLOWED: 3 HOURS…………………..Maximum Marks: 100


Q.1. Write a précis of the following passage in about 100 words and suggest the title: (20+5)

Objectives pursued by, organizations should be directed to the satisfaction of demands resulting from the wants of mankind. Therefore, the determination of appropriate objectives for organized activity must be preceded by an effort to determine precisely what their wants are. Industrial organizations conduct market studies to learn what consumer goods should be produced. City Commissions make surveys to ascertain what civic projects would be of most benefit. Highway Commissions conduct traffic counts to learn what constructive programmes should be undertaken. Organizations come into being as a means for creating and exchanging utility. Their success is dependent upon the appropriateness of the series of acts contributed to the system. The majority of these acts is purposeful, that is, they are directed to the accomplishment of some objectives. These acts are physical in nature and find purposeful employment in the alteration of the physical environment. As a result utility is created, which, through the process of distribution, makes it possible for the cooperative system to endure.

Before the Industrial Revolution most cooperative activity was accomplished in small owner managed enterprises, usually with a single decision maker and simple organizational objectives. Increased technology and the growth of industrial organization made necessary the establishment of a hierarchy of objectives. This is turn, required a division of the management function until today a hierarchy of decision makers exists in most organizations.

The effective pursuit of appropriate objectives contributes directly to organizational efficiency. As used here, efficiency is a measure of the want satisfying power of the cooperative system as a whole. Thus efficiency is the summation of utilities received from the organization divided by the utilities given to the organization, as subjectively evaluated by each contributor.

The functions of the management process is the delineation of organizational objectives and the coordination of activity towards the accomplishment of these objectives. The system of coordinated activities must be maintained so that each contributor, including the manager, gains more than he contributes.


Q.2. Read the following passage carefully and answer all the questions given at the end.

These phenomena, however, are merely premonitions of a coming storm, which is likely to sweep over the whole of India and the rest of Asia. This is the inevitable outcome of a wholly political civilization, which has looked upon man as a thing to be exploited and not as a personality to be developed and enlarged by purely cultural forces. The people of Asia are bound to rise against the acquisitive economy which the West have developed and imposed on the nations of the East. Asia cannot comprehend modern Western capitalism with its undisciplined individualism. The faith, which you represent, recognizes the worth of the individual, and disciplines him to give away all to the service of God and man. Its possibilities are not yet exhausted. It can still create a new world where the social rank of man is not determined by his caste or colour or the amount of dividend he earns, but by the kind of life he lives, where the poor tax the rich, where human society is founded not on the equality of stomachs but on the equality of spirits, where an untouchable can marry the daughter of the king, where private ownership is a trust and where capital cannot be allowed to accumulate so as to dominate that real producer of wealth. This superb idealism of your faith, however, needs emancipation from the medieval fancies of theologians and logists? Spiritually, we are living in a prison house of thoughts and emotions, which during the course of centuries we have woven round ourselves. And be it further said to the shame of us—men of older generation—that we have failed to equip the younger generation for the economic, political and even religious crisis that the present age is likely to bring. The while community needs a complete overhauling of its present mentality in order that it may again become capable of feeling the urge of fresh desires and ideals. The Indian Muslim has long ceased to explore the depths of his own inner life. The result is that he has ceased to live in the full glow and colour of life, and is consequently in danger of an unmanly compromise with force, which he is made to think he cannot vanquish in open conflict. He who desires to change an unfavourable environment must undergo a complete transformation of his inner being. God changes not the condition of a people until they themselves take the initiative to change their condition by constantly illuminating the zone of their daily activity in the light of a definite ideal. Nothing can be achieved without a firm faith in the independence of one’s own inner life. This faith alone keeps a people’s eye fixed on their goal and save them from perpetual vacillation. The lesson that past experiences has brought to you must be taken to heart. Expect nothing form any side. Concentrate your whole ego on yourself alone and ripen your clay into real manhood if you wish to see your aspiration realized.

Questions:

i. What is the chief characteristic of the modern political civilization? (4)
ii. What are possibilities of our Faith, which can be of advantage to the world? (4)
iii. What is the chief danger confronting the superb idealism of our Faith? (4)
iv. Why is the Indian Muslim in danger of coming to an unmanly compromise with the Forces opposing him? (4)
v. What is necessary for an achievement? (2)
vi. Explain the expression as highlighted/under lined in the passage. (5)
vii. Suggest an appropriate title to the passage. (2)

Q.3. Write a comprehensive note (250—300 words) on any one of the following: (20)

a. To rob Peter to pay Paul
b. The child is father of the man.
c. Art lies in concealing art
d. Life without a philosophy is like a ship without rudder
e. A contented mind is a blessing kind.

Q.4. a. Use any FIVE of the following idioms in sentences to make their meaning clear: (5)

i. Blow one’s top
ii. A cock and bull story
iii. Find one’s feet
iv. Call it a night
v. The tip of the iceberg
vi. Below par
vii. From pillar to post
viii. Hang up
ix. Turn some one in
x. By and by

b. Use any FIVE of the following pairs of words in your own sentences to bring out their meanings: (5)

i. Mitigate, Alleviate
ii. Persecute, Prosecute
iii. Popular, Populace
iv. Compliment, Complement
v. Excite, Incite
vi. Voracity, Veracity
vii. Virtual, Virtuous
viii. Exceptional, Exceptionable

Q.5. a. Pick the most nearly opposite in meaning to the capitalized word. Do any FIVE. (5)

i. MORATORIUM..a. Large tomb……..….b. Waiting period..c. Security for debt…..d. Funeral house
ii. PROLIFIC………a. Skilful……………...b. Fruitful………..c. Wordy…………..…d. Spread out
iii. BI-PARTISAN….a. Narrow minded…….b. Progressive…...c. Representing two parties….d. Divided
iv. UNEQUIVOCAL.a. Careless…………….b. Unmistakable…c. Variable………...d. Incomparable
v. COVENANT…….a. Prayer…………...…b. Debate………...c. Garden…………..d. Agreement
vi. TENTATIVE…….a. Expedient…………..b. Nominal………c. Provisional……...d. Alternative
vii. DEMOGRAPHIC..a. Relating to the ……..b. Demons……….c. Communications..d. Population
…………………………….study of Government
viii. SONAR…………..a. Apparatus to Detect ..b. Locate objects...c. Measure rain…….d. Anticipate Earthquake
…………………………….something in the air...….under water

b. Indicate the meaning of any FIVE of the following: (5)

i. Brag
ii. Antiquarian
iii. Input
iv. Prodigal
v. Bibliophile
vi. Nostalgia
vii. Burn one’s boats
viii. Feedback
ix. Agrarian

Q.6. a. Correct the following sentences. Do any FIVE. (5)

i. Please tell me where is your brother?
ii. Sajjad as well as Saleem were late.
iii. He is the most cleverest boy in the class.
iv. I have met him last month.
v. Your writing is inferior than him.
vi. Nothing but novels please him.
vii. The teacher gave the boy an advice which he refused.
viii. He brought the articles to the market which he wanted to sell.

b. Change the narration from Direct to Indirect or Indirect to Direct speech. (5)

i. He said to his friend, “Let me go home now”
ii. I will say “Mother, I will always obey you”
iii. “Splendid”: said father as he read my report,
iv. He said, “Good morning, can you help me”
v. She said “Brother, why do you tease me”
vi. The King said to the Queen, “If I die, take care of my people”
vii. “By God”, he said” I do not know his name”
viii. You exclaimed with sorrow that you lost your pen.



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  #2  
Old Saturday, March 29, 2008
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"Q.5. a. Pick the most nearly opposite in meaning to the capitalized word. Do any FIVE. (5)"

This questions was wrong and was later corrected as:


Q.5. a. Pick the most nearly "similar" in meaning to the capitalized word. Do any FIVE. (5)
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  #3  
Old Saturday, April 05, 2008
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1)make a precis of following

The Objectives Of An Organisation

The purpose of a sucessful organisation is to meet the requirements and demands of the people.Industry set city commissions and high way cmmoission to determine the demands and objectives.Organisation create and exchange benefits.The accepted procedures for corporate systems can be modified according to needs.Earlier there used to be a single decision maker with lmited goals in view but now goals have been expanded and manegment functions have been refined.Efficiency is also affected by modern methodsOut put should be more than input to enhance efficiency because it is the relation between benefits of the organisation and from it
words(112/322)

2)give answer of the followings

1) Modern political civilisation treats the human being as a machine not as a personality to be developed there is mania to grab money from others
2)According to our faith there is equality in social rank of persons Respect is related to character not to caste ,colouror creed and private ownership is considered as trust
3)we are in danger due to meieval ideas and lack of development of personality
4)Indian muslims compromise becuase they don't know the spirit of religion and the depth study of science
5)in order to achieve something we have to develop self relaince and awreness

4)Idioms

blow one's top = to be very angry
find one's feet=to be confident
tip of ice berg=unimportant
hang up=hold on

5)Similar Meanings

moritorium=security
prolific=fruitful
by partism=belong to both partie
nequivocal=unmitakeale
convenet=agrement
tentative=provisonal
demography=related to population
SONAR=measure of obects under water

Last edited by Princess Royal; Thursday, July 24, 2008 at 11:25 PM.
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Old Wednesday, April 30, 2008
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Default precis n composition titles

precis title:

OBJECTIVES OF ORGANIZATION DETERMINE ITS EFFICIENCY AND MANAGEMENT.

COMPOSITION:

FAITH....SOLUTION TO CRISES OF INDIAN MUSLIMS.

PLZZ.. COMMENT ABT THESE...
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Default heading of Precis

i gave the title
" Organizational Objectives"
for the precis
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  #6  
Old Sunday, June 08, 2008
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Default Solution of correction

i. Please! tell me where was your brother.

ii. Sajjad as well as Saleem was late.

iii. He is the cleverest boy of the class

iv. I have met him the last month.

v. Your writing is inferior to his writing.

vi. Only novels please him.

vii. The teacher gave the boy a piece of advice which he refused.

viii. He brought articles to the market which he wanted to sell.


people plz point out errors (if any)
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Quote:
Originally Posted by armaghan_arif
4)Idioms
blow one's top = to be very angry
find one's feet=to be confident
tip of ice berg=unimportant
hang up=hold on
5)Similar Meanings
moritorium=waiting period
prolific=fruitful
by partism=belong to both partie
nequivocal=unmitakeale
convenet=agrement
tentative=provisonal
demography=related to population
SONAR=measure of obects under water
Correction:

4)Idioms
find one's feet=to be able to have one's own earnings

5)Similar Meanings
moritorium=waiting period

Last edited by Princess Royal; Saturday, July 19, 2008 at 05:57 PM.
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Old Thursday, July 24, 2008
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Quote:
Originally Posted by mohsinmumtaz
i. Please! tell me where was your brother.

ii. Sajjad as well as Saleem was late.

iii. He is the cleverest boy of the class

iv. I have met him the last month.

v. Your writing is inferior to his writing.

vi. Only novels please him.

vii. The teacher gave the boy a piece of advice which he refused.

viii. He brought articles to the market which he wanted to sell.


people plz point out errors (if any)


i. Please tell me where your brother is?
ii. Sajjad and Saleem were late.
iii. He is the cleverest boy in the class.
iv. I had met him last month.
v. Your writing is inferior to his.
vi. Nothing but novels can please him.
vii. The teacher gave the boy an advice that he refused.
viii. He brought the articles which he wanted to sell to the market.
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Old Wednesday, July 30, 2008
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@athena
1:for the first correction,it is should be noted that if th ehelping verb is coming after object we dont use the question mark as u have done and at the same time there is no need to change the tense as done by mohsin.
2:sajjad as well as saleem was late
7:The teacher gave the boy a piece of advice which he refused.
8: He brought articles to the market which he wanted to sell.
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b. Indicate the meaning of any FIVE of the following: (5)

Brag
v. boast, exaggerate about oneself

Antiquarian
adj. of or relating to antiquities

Input
n. data fed into a computer or other device (Computers); something which is inserted; power, strength, capacity (Machinery); material used in production processes (Economics)

Prodigal
adj. generous, lavish; abundant, plentiful; wasteful, tending to squander money

Bibliophile
n. book collector, one who loves books

Nostalgia
n. feeling of longing for the past or bygone things, sentimentality

Burn one's boats
eliminate any possibility of retreat to a former position, burn one's bridges

Feedback
n. return of part of the output (of a circuit, amplifier, etc.) to the input (Electronics); information about the results of a certain procedure; response; critique, critical analysis

Agrarian
adj. pertaining to farmers and farming, agricultural

---------

idioms:

Blow one's top
or
Blow one's stack
Explode in anger, lose one's temper, go into a rage

Informal
lose one's temper.

1 : to become violently angry
2 : to go crazy


find one's feet

become adjusted; become established

stand up and become able to walk. ▶establish oneself in a particular field

Call it a night
N/A
But

Call it a day

Finish the day, stop working, go home,...


the tip of an (or the) iceberg

The small perceptible part of a much larger situation or problem.
a small part of it, about one-tenth of it This invoice is only part of the debt - the tip of the iceberg.

below par
less than average, less than normal

from pillar to post
from one place or thing to another in rapid succession

hang up
hang, suspend; end a telephone conversation

noun NEUROSIS, phobia, preoccupation, fixation, obsession, idée fixe; inhibition, mental block, psychological block, block, difficulty; informal complex, thing, bee in one's bonnet.

noun informal an emotional problem or inhibition.

Turn some one in
N/A

by and by
pretty soon, it won't be long now; gradually, eventually

---------

pairs of words:

mitigate
v. soften in force or severity; lessen the impact or intensity of; appease, make easier, sweeten; be assuaged, become less severe (about punishments, circumstances, emotions, etc.)

alleviate
v. allay, soothe, relieve; moderate, soften; lessen, diminish

persecute
v. oppress, torment, maltreat; harass, hound, bother

prosecute
v. put on trial, try in a court; file a legal action; conduct, carry out an activity; persist, continue, carry on

populace
n. common folk, lower class of citizens; population, total inhabitants of a country

popular
adj. of the general population; well-liked, admired; approved, accepted; common, prevailing

complement
v. complete, make whole, make perfect

compliment
v. say something nice about someone, express admiration

incite
v. inflame, provoke; stimulate, rouse to action

excite
v. stir up, arouse feelings, provoke, stimulate

veracity
n. truthfulness, honesty; accuracy; something that is a truth

voracity
n. ardent enthusiasm for a certain activity; ravenousness

virtual
adj. being such in power or effect though not formally recognized; imaginary, hypothetical; computer simulated

virtuous
adj. good; moral (especially with regards to sexual conduct); upright; righteous

exceptionable
adj. objectionable, may be protested

exceptionable
adj. objectionable, may be protested

---------

Q.5. a:

moratorium
n. legally authorized delay in the payment of money due; abandonment of debts; temporary cessation of an activity (especially when dangerous or harmful)

Prolific

Adj. fruitful, productive; abundant, plentiful; reproducing, multiplying; producing fruit


unequivocal
adj. clear, unambiguous, unmistakable, conclusive


covenant
n. treaty; contract, formal agreement

v. pledge, contract, formally agree

tentative
adj. experimental, trial; temporary; hesitant

demographic
adj. pertaining to demography (study of the statistical characteristics of a population)

sonar
n. method by which underwater objects are detected using transmitted and reflected sound waves; device which locates objects by means of sonar

bipartisan (Brit.)
adj. of two political parties; two-party; supported by two political parties (also bipartizan)

Last edited by Princess Royal; Thursday, July 31, 2008 at 01:33 PM.
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