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CHAPTER XI
OF FALSE EVIDENCE AND OFFENCES AGAINST PUBLIC JUSTICE
191. Giving false evidence: Whoever being legally bound by an oath or by an express
provision of law to state the truth, or being bound by law to make a declaration upon any
subject, makes any statement which is false, and which he either knows or believes to be
false or does not believe to be true, is said to give false evidence.

Explanation 1: A statement is within the meaning of this section, whether it is made
verbally or otherwise.
Explanation 2: A false statement as to the belief of the person attesting is within the
meaning of this section, and a person may be guilty of giving false evidence by stating that
he believes a thing which he does not believe, as well as by stating that he knows a thing
which he does not know.
Illustrations
(a) A, in support of a just claim which B has against Z for one thousand rupees, falsely
swear on a trial that he heard Z admit the justice of B's claim- A has given false evidence.
(b) A, being bound by an oath to state the truth, states that he believes a certain signature
to be the handwriting of Z, when he does not believe it to be the handwriting of Z. Here A
states that which he knows to be false, and therefore gives false evidence.
(c) A, knowing the general character of Z's handwriting, states that he believes a certain
signature to be the handwriting of Z. A in good faith believing it to be so. Here A's
statement is merely as to his believe, and is true as to his belief, and therefore although
the signature may not be handwriting of Z, A has not given false evidence.
(d) A, being bound by an oath to state the truth, states that he knows that Z was at a
particular place on a particular day, not knowing anything upon the subject, A gives false
evidence whether Z was at that place on the day named or not.
(e) A, an interpreter or translator, gives or certifies, as a true interpretation or translation of
a statement, which he is bound by oath to interpret or translate truly, that which is not and
which he does not believe to be a true interpretation or translation. A has given false
evidence.
192. Fabricating false evidence: Whoever causes any circumstance to exist or makes
any false entry in any book or record, or makes any document containing a false
statement, intending that such circumstance, false entry or false statement may appear in
evidence in a judicial proceeding, or in a proceeding taken by law before a public servant
as such, or before an arbitrator, and that such circumstance, false entry or false
statement, so appearing in evidence, may cause any person who in such proceeding is to
form an opinion upon the evidence, to entertain an erroneous opinion touching any point
material to the result of such proceeding, is said to fabricate false evidence.
Illustrations
(a) A puts jewels into a box belonging to Z, with the intention that they may be found in
that box, and that this circumstance may cause Z to be convicted of theft. A has
fabricated.

(b) A makes a false entry in his shop-book for the purpose of using it as corroborative
evidence In a Court of Justice. A has fabricated false evidence.
A, with the intention of causing Z to be convicted of a criminal conspiracy, writes a .letter
in imitation of Z's handwriting, purporting to be addressed to an accomplice in such
criminal conspiracy, and puts the letter in a place which he knows that the officers of the
Police are likely to search A has fabricated false evidence.
193. Punishment for false evidence: Whoever intentionally gives false evidence in any
stage of a judicial proceeding, or fabricates false evidence for the purpose of being used
in any stage of a judicial proceeding, shall be punished with imprisonment of either
description for a term, which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine;
and whoever, intentionally gives or fabricates false evidence in any other case,
shall, be punished with imprisonment of either description" for a term which may extend to
three years, and shall also be liable to fine.
Explanation 1: A trial before a Court-martial is a judicial proceeding.
Explanation 2: An investigation directed by law preliminary to a proceeding before a Court
of Justice, is a stage of a judicial proceeding, though that investigation may not take place
before a Court of Justice.
Illustration
[Omitted by the Federal Laws (Revision and Declaration)
Ordinance, XXVII of 1981].

Explanation 3: An investigation directed by a Court of Justice according to law, and
conducted under the authority of a Court .of Justice, is a stage of a judicial
proceeding/though that investigation may not take place before a Court of Justice.
Illustration
A, in an enquiry before an officer deputed by a Court of Justice to ascertain on the spot
the boundaries of land, makes on oath a statement which he knows to be false. As this
enquiry is a stage of a judicial proceeding, A has given false evidence.
194. Giving or fabricating false evidence with intent to procure conviction of capital
offence: Whoever gives or fabricates false evidence, intending thereby to cause, or
knowing it to be likely that he will thereby cause any person to be convicted on an offence
which is capital by any law for the time being in force, shall be punished with imprisonment
for life, or with rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to ten years, and shall
also be liable to fine;
if innocent person be thereby convicted and executed : and if an innocent person be
convicted and executed in consequence of such false evidence the person who gives

such false evidence shall be punished either with death or the punishment hereinbefore
described.
195. Giving or fabricating false evidence with intent to procure conviction of offence
punishable with imprisonment for life or for a term of seven years or upwards:
Whoever gives or fabricates false evidence intending thereby to cause, or knowing it to be
likely that he will thereby cause any person to be convicted of an offence which by any taw
for the time being in force is not capital, but punishable with imprisonment for life, or
imprisonment for a term of seven years or upwards, shall be punished as a person
convicted of that offence would be liable to be punished.
Illustration
A gives false evidence before a Court of Justice, intending thereby to cause Z to be
convicted of a dacoity. The punishment of dacoity is imprisonment for life or rigorous
imprisonment for a term, which may extend to ten years, with or without tine. A, therefore,
is liable to such imprisonment for life or imprisonment with or without fine.
196. Using evidence known to be false: Whoever corruptly uses or attempts to use as
true or genuine evidence, any evidence which he knows to be false or fabricated, shall be
punished in the same manner as if he gave or fabricated false evidence.
197. Issuing or signing false certificate: Whoever issues or signs any certificate
required by law to be given or signed, or relating to any fact of which such certificate is by
law admissible in evidence, knowing or believing that such certificate is false in any
material point, shall be punished in the same manner as if he gave false evidence.
198. Using as true a certificate known to be false: Whoever corruptly uses or attempts
to use any such certificate as a true certificate, knowing the same to be false in any
material point, shall be punished in the same manner as if he gave false evidence.
199. False statement made in declaration which is by law receivable as evidence:
Whoever, in any declaration made or subscribed by him, which declaration any Court of
Justice, or any public servant or other person, is bound or authorized by law to receive as
evidence of any fact, makes any statement which is false, and which he either knows or
believes to be false or does not believe to be true, touching any point material to the
object-for which the declaration is made or used, shall be punished in the same manner
as if he gave false evidence.
200. Using as true such declaration knowing it to be false: Whoever corruptly uses or
attempts to use as true any such declaration, knowing the same to be false in any material
point, shall be punished in the same manner as if he gave false evidence.
Explanation: A declaration, which is inadmissible merely upon the ground of some
informality, is a declaration within the meaning of Sections 199 and 200.

201. Causing disappearance of evidence of offence, or giving false information to
screen offender: Whoever, knowing or having reason to believe that an offence has been
committed, causes any evidence of the commission of that offence to disappear, with the
intention of screening the offender from legal punishment, or with that intention gives any
information respecting the offence which he knows or believes to be false;
if a capital offence: shall, if the offence which he knows or believes to have been
committed is punishable with death, be punished with imprisonment of either description
for a term which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine;
if punishable with imprisonment for life: and if the offence is punishable with.
imprisonment for fife, or with imprisonment which may extend to ten years shall be
punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three
years, and shall also be liable to fine:
if punishable with less than ten years' imprisonment: and if the offence is
punishable with imprisonment for any term not extending to ten years, shall be punished
with imprisonment of the description provided for the offence, for a term which may extend
to one-fourth part of the longer term of the imprisonment provided for the offence, or with
tine, or with both,
Illustration
A, knowing that B has murdered Z, assists B to hide the body with the intention of
screening 6 from punishment. A is liable to imprisonment of either description for seven
years, and also to fine.
202. Intentional omission to give information of offence by person bound to inform:
Whoever, knowing or having reason to believe that an offence has been committed,
intentionally omits to give any information respecting that offence which, he is legally
bound to give, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which
may extend to six months, or with fine, or with both.
203. Giving false information respecting an offence committed : Whoever, knowing or
having reason to believe that an offence has been committed, gives any information
respecting that offence which he knows or believes to be false shall be punished with
imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine,
or with both.
Explanation: In Sections 201 and 202 in this section the word "offence" includes any act
committed at any place out of Pakistan, which, if committed in Pakistan, would be
punishable under any of the following sections, namely, 302, 304, 382, 392, 393, 394,
395, 396, 397, 398, 399, 402, 435, 436, 449, 450, 457, 458, 459, and 460.
204. Destruction of document to prevent its production as evidence: Whoever
Secrets or destroys any document which he may be lawfully compelled to produce as
evidence in a Court of Justice, or in any proceeding lawfully held before a public servant,

as such, or obliterates or renders illegible the whole or any part of such document with the
intention of preventing the same from being produced or used as evidence before such
Court, or public servant as aforesaid, or after he shall have been lawfully summoned or
required to produce the same for that purpose, shall be punished with imprisonment of
either description for a term which may extend to two years or with fine, or with both.
205. False personation for purpose of act or proceeding in suit or prosecution:
Whoever falsely personates another, and in such assumed character makes any
admission or statement, or confesses judgment, or causes any process to be issued or
becomes bail or security, or does any other act in any suit or criminal prosecution, shall be
punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three
years or with fine, or with both.
206. Fraudulent removal or concealment of property to prevent its seizure as
forfeited or in execution: Whoever fraudulently removes, conceals, transfers or delivers
to any person any property or any interest therein, intending thereby to prevent that
property or interest therein from being taken as a forfeiture or in satisfaction of a fine,
under a sentence which has been pronounced, or which he knows to be likely to be
pronounced, by a Court of Justice or other competent authority, or from being taken in
execution of a decree or order which has been made, or which he knows to be likely to be
made by a Court of Justice in a civil suit, shall be punished with imprisonment of either
description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both.
207. Fraudulent claim to property to prevent its seizure as forfeited or in execution:
Whoever fraudulently accepts, receives or claims any property or any interest therein,
knowing that he has no right or rightful claim to such property or interest, or practises any
deception touching any right to any property or any interest therein, intending thereby to
prevent that property or interest therein from being taken as a forfeiture or in satisfaction
of a fine, under a sentence which has been pronounced, or which he knows to be likely to
be pronounced by a Court of Justice or other competent authority, or from being taken in
execution of a decree or order which has been made, or which he knows to be likely to be
made by a Court of Justice in a civil suit, shall be punished with imprisonment of either
description for a term which' may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both.
208. Fraudulently suffering decree for sum not due: Whoever fraudulently causes or
suffers a decree or order to be passed against him at the suit of any person for a sum not
due, or for a larger sum than is due to such person or for any property or interest in
property to which such person is not entitled, or fraudulently causes or suffers a decree or
order to be executed against him after it has been satisfied, or for anything in respect of
which it has been satisfied, shall be' punished with imprisonment of either description for a
term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both.
Illustration
A institutes a suit against Z. Z, knowing that A is likely to obtain a decree against him
fraudulently suffers a judgment to pass against him for a larger amount at the Suit of B,
who has no just claim against him, in order that B, either on his own account or for the

benefit of Z, may share in the proceeds of any sale of Z's property which may be made
under A's decree. Z has committed an offence under this section.
209. Dishonestly making false claim in Court: Whoever fraudulently or
dishonestly, or with intent to injure any person, makes in a Court of Justice any claim
which he knows to be false, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a
term which may extend to two years, and shall also be liable to fine.
210. Fraudulently obtaining decree for sum not due: Whoever fraudulently obtains a
decree or order against any person for a sum not due, or for a larger sum than is due, or
for any property or interest in property to which he is not entitled, or fraudulently causes a
decree or order to be executed against any person after it has been satisfied or for
anything in respect of which it has been satisfied, or fraudulently, suffers or permits any
such act to be done in his name, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description
for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both.
211. False charge of offence made with intent to injure: Whoever with intent to cause
injury to any person, institutes or causes to be instituted any criminal proceeding against
that person, or falsely charges any person with having committed as offence, knowing that
there is no just or lawful ground for such proceeding or charge against that person, shall
be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two
years, or with fine, or with both,
and if such criminal proceeding be instituted on a false charge of an offence
punishable with death, imprisonment for life or imprisonment for seven years or upwards,
shall be punishable with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to
seven years, and shall also be liable to fine.
212. Harbouring offender: Whenever an offence has been committed, whoever
harbours or conceals a person whom he knows or has reason to believe to be the
offender, with the intention of screening him from legal punishment,
if a capital offence: shall, if the offence is punishable with death, be punished with
imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to five years, and shall
also be liable to fine,
If punishable with imprisonment for life, or with imprisonment: and if the offence is
punishable with imprisonment for life or with imprisonment which may extend to ten years,
shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to
three years, and shall also be liable to fine,
and if the offence is punishable with imprisonment which may extend to one year,
and not to ten years, shall be punished with imprisonment of the description provided for
the offence for a term which may extend to one-fourth part of the longest term of
imprisonment provided for the offence, or with fine, or with both.

"Offence" in this section includes, any act committed at any place out of Pakistan,
which, if committed in Pakistan, would be punishable under any of the following sections,
namely 302, 304, 382, 392, 393, 394, 395, 396, 397, 398, 399. 402, 435, 436, 449, 450,
457, 458, 459, and 460 and every such act shall, for the purposes of this section, be
deemed to be punishable as if the accused person had been guilty of it in Pakistan.
Exception: This provision shall not extend to any case in which the harbour or
concealment is by the husband or wife of the offender.
Illustration
A knowing that B has committed dacoity, knowingly conceals S in order to screen him
legal punishment. Here, as S is liable to imprisonment for life, A is liable to imprisonment
of either description for a term not exceeding three years, and is liable to fine.
213. Taking gift, etc., to screen an offender from punishment: Whoever accepts or
attempts to obtain, or agrees to accept, any gratification for himself or any other person, or
any restitution of property to himself or any other person, in consideration of his
concealing an offence or of his screening any person from legal punishment for any
offence, or of his not proceeding against any person for the purpose of bringing him to
legal punishment;
if a capital offence: shall, if the offence is punishable with death, be punished with
imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven years, and shall
also be liable to fine;
if punishable with imprisonment for life, or with imprisonment: and if the offence is
punishable with imprisonment for life or with imprisonment which may extend to ten years,
shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to
three years, and shall also be liable to fine;
and if the offence is punishable with imprisonment not extending to ten years, shall
be punished with imprisonment of the description provided for the offence for a term which
may extend to one-fourth part of the longest term of imprisonment provided for offence, or
with fine, or with both.
214. Offering gift or restoration of property in consideration of screening offender:
Whoever gives or causes or offers or agrees to give or cause, any gratification to any
person, or to restore or cause the restoration of any property to any person, in
consideration of that person's concealing an offence, or of his screening any person from
legal punishment for any offence, or of his not proceeding against any person for the
purpose of bringing him to legal punishment;
if a capital offence: shall, if the offence is punishable with death, be punished with
imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven years, and shall
also be liable to fine;

if punishable with imprisonment for life, or with imprisonment: and if the offence is
punishable with imprisonment for life, or with imprisonment which may extend to ten
years, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may
extend to three years, and shall also be liable to fine;
and if the offence is punishable with imprisonment not extending to fen years, shall
be punished with imprisonment of the description provided for the offence for a term which
may extend to one-fourth part of the longest term of imprisonment provided for the
offence, or with fine, or with both.
Exception: The provisions of Sections 213 and 214 do not extend to any case in which the
offence may lawfully be compounded.
Illustrations
[Rep. by the Code of Criminal Procedure, X of 1882].

215. Taking gift to help to recover property, etc.: Whoever takes or agrees or consents
to take any gratification under pretence or on account of helping any person to recover
any movable property of which he shall have been deprived by any offence punishable
under this Code, shall, unless he uses all means in his power to cause the offender to be
apprehended and convicted of the offence, be punished with imprisonment of either
description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both.
216. Harbouring offender who has escaped from custody or whose apprehension
has been ordered: Whenever any person convicted of, or charged with an offence, being
in lawful custody for that offence, escapes from such custody,
or whenever a public servant, in the exercise of the lawful powers of such public
servant, orders a certain person to be apprehended for an offence, whoever, knowing of
such escape or order for apprehension, harbours or conceals that person with the
intention of preventing him from being apprehended, shall be punished in the manner
following, that is to say;
if a capital offence: if the offence for which the person was in custody or is ordered to be
apprehended is punishable with death, he shall be punished with imprisonment of either
description for a term which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine;
if punishable with imprisonment for life, or with imprisonment: if the offence is
punishable with imprisonment for life or imprisonment for ten years, he shall be punished
with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three years, with or
without fine;
and if the offence is punishable with imprisonment which may extend to one year
and not to ten years, he shall be punished with imprisonment of the description provided
for the offence for a term which may extend to one fourth part of the longest term of the
imprisonment provided for such offence or with fine, or with both.

"Offence" in this section includes also any act or omission of which a person is alleged to
have been guilty out of Pakistan which, if he had been guilty of it in Pakistan would have
been punishable as an offence, and for which he is under any law relating to extradition,
or otherwise, liable to be apprehended or detained in custody in Pakistan, and every such
act or omission shall, for the purposes of this section, be deemed to be punishable as if
the accused person had been guilty of it in Pakistan.
Exception: This provision does not extend to the case in which the harbour or
concealment is by the husband or wife of the person to be apprehended,
216-A. Penalty for harbouring robbers or dacoits: Whoever, knowing or having reason
to believe that any persons are about to commit or have recently committed robbery or
dacoity, harbours them or any of them, with the intention of facilitating the commission of
such robbery or dacoity, or of screening them or any of them from punishment, shall be
punished with rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years, and
shall also be liable to fine.
Explanation: For the- purposes of this Section it is immaterial whether the robbery or
dacoity is intended to be committed, or has been committed, within or without Pakistan.
Exception: This provision does not extend to the case in which the harbour is by the
husband or wife of the offender.
Sec. 216-A ins. by the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 111 of 1894.
216-B. Definition of "harbour" in Sections 212, 216and 216-A [Omitted by the Penal Code
(Amendment) Act, VIII of 1942, S. 3]
217. Public servant disobeying direction of law with intent to save persons from
punishment or property from forfeiture: Whoever, being a public servant, knowingly
disobeys any direction of-the taw as to the way in which he is to conduct himself as such
public servant, intending thereby to save or knowing it to be likely that he will thereby
save, any person from legal punishment, or Subject him to a less punishment than that to
which he is liable, or with intent to save, or knowing that he is likely thereby to save, any
property from forfeiture or any charge to which it is liable by law, shall be punished with
imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine,
or with both.
218. Public servant framing incorrect record or writing with intent to save person
from punishment or property from forfeiture: Whoever, being a public servant, and
being as such public servant, charged with the preparation of any record or other writing,
frames that record 'or writing-in a manner which he knows to be incorrect, with intent to
cause, or knowing it to be likely that he will thereby cause, loss or injury to the public or to
any person, or with intent thereby to save, or knowing it to be likely that he will thereby
save any person from legal punishment, or with intent to save, or knowing that he is likely
thereby to save, any property from forfeiture or other charge to which it is liable by law,

shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to
three years, or with fine or with both.
219. Public servant in judicial proceeding corruptly making report, etc., contrary to
law: Whoever being a public servant, corruptly or maliciously makes or pronounces in any
stage of a judicial proceeding, any report, order, verdict, or decision which he knows to be
contrary to law, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which
may extend to seven years, or with fine, or with both.
220. Commitment for trial or confinement by person having authority who knows
that he Is acting contrary to law: Whoever, being in any office which gives him legal
authority to commit persons for trial or to confinement, or to keep persons in confinement,
corruptly or maliciously commits any person for trial or confinement, or keeps any person
in confinement, in the exercise of that authority, knowing that in so doing he is acting
contrary to law, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which
may extend to seven years, or with fine, or with both.
221. Intentional omission to apprehend on the part of public servant bound to
apprehend: Whoever, being a public servant, legally bound as such public servant to
apprehend or to keep in confinement any person charged with or liable to be apprehended
for an offence, intentionally omits to apprehend such person, or intentionally suffers such
person to. escape, or intentionally aids such person in escaping or attempting to escape
from such confinement, shall be punished as follows, that is to say--
with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven years,
with or without fine, if the person in confinement, or who ought to have been apprehended,
was charged with or liable to be apprehended for, an offence punishable with death; or
with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three years,
with or without fine, if the person in confinement, or who ought to have been apprehended,
was charged with, or liable to be apprehended for an offence punishable with
imprisonment for life or imprisonment for a term which may extend to ten years; or
with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years,
with or without fine, if the person in confinement, or who ought to have- been
apprehended, was charged with, or liable to be apprehended for, an offence punishable
with imprisonment for a term less than ten years.
222. Intentional omission to apprehend on the part of public servant bound to
apprehend person under sentence or lawfully committed: Whoever, being a public
servant, legally bound as such public servant to apprehend or to keep to confinement any
person under sentence of a Court of Justice for any offence or lawfully committed to
custody, intentionally, omits, to apprehend such person, or intentionally suffers such
person to escape or intentionally aids such person in escaping or attempting to escape
from such confinement, shall be punished as follows that is to say;

with imprisonment for life or with imprisonment of either description for a term which
may extend to fourteen years, with or without fine, if the person in confinement, or who
ought to have been apprehended, is under sentence of death; or
with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven years,
with or without fine, if the person in confinement, or who ought to have been apprehended
is subject by a sentence, of a Court of Justice, or by virtue of a commutation of such
sentence, to imprisonment for life or imprisonment for a term of ten years or upwards; or
with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three years, or with
fine, or with both, if the person in confinement, or who ought to have been apprehended is
subject, by a sentence of a Court of Justice, to imprisonment for a term not extending to
ten years or if the person was lawfully committed to custody.
223. Escape from confinement or custody negligently suffered by public servant:
Whoever, being a public servant legally bound as such public servant to keep in
confinement any person charged with or convicted of any offence or lawfully committed to
custody, negligently suffers such persons to escape from confinement, shall be punished
with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with
both.
224. Resistance or obstruction by a person to his lawful apprehension: Whoever
intentionally offers any resistance or illegal obstruction to the lawful apprehension of
himself for any offence with which he is charged or of which he has been convicted; or
escapes or attempts to escape from any custody in which he is lawfully detained for any
such offence, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which
may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both.
Explanation: The punishment in this section is in addition to the punishment for which the
person to be apprehended or detained in custody was liable for the offence with which he
was charged, or of which he was convicted.
225. Resistance or obstruction to lawful apprehension of another person: Whoever
intentionally offers any resistance or illegal obstruction to the lawful apprehension of any
other person for an offence, or rescue or attempts to rescue any other person from any
custody in which that person is lawfully detained for an offence, shall be punished with
imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine,
or with both;
or, if the person to be apprehended, or the person rescued or attempted to be
rescued, is charged with or liable to be apprehended for an offence punishable with
imprisonment for life, or imprisonment for a term which may extend to ten years, shall be
punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three
years, and shall also be liable to fine;

or, if the person to be apprehended or, rescued, or attempted to be rescued, is
charged with or liable to be apprehended for an offence punishable with death, shall be
punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven
years, and shall also be liable to fine;
or, if. the person to be apprehended or rescued or attempted to be rescued, is
liable under the sentence of a Court of Justice, or by virtue of a commutation of such a
sentence, to imprisonment for life or imprisonment, for a term of ten years or upwards,
shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to
seven years, and shall also be liable to fine;
or, if the person to be apprehended or rescued, or attempted to be rescued, is
under sentence of death, shall be punished with imprisonment for life or imprisonment of
either description for a term not exceeding ten years, and shall also be liable to fine.
225-A. Omission to apprehend, or sufferance of escape, on part of public servant, in
cases not otherwise provided for: Whoever, being a public servant legally bound as
such public servant to apprehend, or to keep in confinement, any person In any case not
provided for in Section 221, Section 222 or Section 223, or in any other law for the time
being in force, omits to apprehend that person or suffers him to escape from confinement,
shall be punished:
(a) if he does so intentionally, with imprisonment of either description for a term which may
extend to three years, or with fine or with both; and
(b) if he does so negligently, with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to two
years, or with fine, or with both.
Section 225-A ins. by the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, X of 1886.
225-B. Resistance or obstruction to lawful apprehension, or escape or rescue in
cases not otherwise provided for: Whoever, in any case not provided for in Section 224
or Section 225 or in any other law for the time being in force, intentionally offers any
resistance or illegal obstruction to the lawful apprehension of himself or of any other
person, or escapes or attempts to escape from any custody in which he is lawfully
detained, or rescues or attempts to rescue any other person from any custody in which
that person is lawfully detained, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description
for a term which may extend to six months, or with fine, or with both.
Sec. 225-B ins. by the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, X of 1886.
226. Unlawful return from transportation : [Omitted by the Law Reforms Ordinance, XII of
1972, Section 2 and Sched.]
227. Violation of condition of remission of punishment: Whoever, having accepted
any conditional remission of punishment, knowingly violates any condition on which such
remission was granted/shall be punished with the punishment to which he was originally

sentenced, if he has already suffered no part of that punishment, and if he has suffered
any part of that punishment, then with so much of that punishment as he has not already
suffered.
228. Intentional insult or interruption to public servant sitting in judicial proceeding:
Whoever intentionally offers any insult or causes any interruption to any public servant,
while such public servant is sitting in any stage of a judicial proceeding, shall be punished
with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months, or with fine which
may extend to one thousand rupees, or with both.
229. Personation of a Juror or assessor: Whoever, by personation or otherwise, shall
intentionally cause, or knowingly suffer himself to be returned, empanelled or sworn as a
juryman or assessor in any case in which he knows that he is not entitled by law to be so
returned, empanelled or sworn or knowing himself to have been so returned, empanelled
or sworn contrary to law, shall voluntarily serve on such jury or as such assessor, shall be
punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two
years, or with fine, or with both.
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