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Old Monday, August 19, 2013
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Default Jounalism notes 4


A law is basically a body of principles or rules which are the basis of a society and are abide by the
society. No system in a society can exist without a law. Human life needs a proper rule of conduct or
principle at every step. It is also important for a successful society. If it will not happen then there will b anarchy and disturbance in a society and it will not exist for long.
There are various definitions of law. Some of them are as follows
1. A rule of conduct or procedure established by custom, agreement, or authority.
2. A code of principles based on morality, conscience, or nature.
3. A law is rules of conduct of any organized society, however simple or small, that are enforced by threat of punishment if they are violated. Modern law has a wide sweep and regulates many branches of conduct. A body of rules of conduct of binding legal force and effect, prescribed,recognized, and enforced by controlling authority.
4. A body of rules of conduct of binding legal force and effect, prescribed, recognized, and enforced by controlling authority.
Need and importance of law
There are a number incidents taking place all the time which could be harmful to people. This lead to the need of making law. People need a proper code of life. They need to know their as well as others right only then they could lead a peaceful life. Laws were made by the kings to empower themselves .why laws are too important for a society or for a community! In ancient periods, laws were made due to fear, like prohibited areas in this case animals or the nature were the main force to construct laws or restrictions. Actually, restrictions were the first source of laws that were adopted by human beings. Today, we believe that it was our ancestors those made life very miserable in some context. On the other hand we are highly blessed that we do not need to go in details of such things those are proved by our forefathers’ Experiences. However, it is quite clear that we need some rules and regulation to live. So, that’s why we make laws to be known as knowledgeable creature. We are ruling over other creatures because of the law that is “Survival of the fittest”.

Natural Laws

Even nature has certain laws which are strictly obeyed by nature as well as its creatures. Such as laws of sunrise and sun set, changing of day and nights, revolving of earth around sun, law of birth and death.Such laws are above human control and cannot be altered. We have to obey them. Thus they also affect our customs, culture, traditions and on the whole our whole life.Common laws are dependent on natural laws but natural laws are not dependent on common laws. For example let’s talk about our traffic laws. They were made to control the traffic, to bring a discipline and organization in traffic system. If there would be no laws there would be no discipline n thus it will cause disturbance not for an individual but for a whole society so if has given a sense to society that if they will obey them there would be a discipline and peace.A gentle and sensible man always obey the laws not because of fear but because he has been trained like that since his childhood. But some people obey them because of the fear of being punished. Because if
you will break any law whether its man mane or natural laws you will have to pay for them. In other words you will be punished.
Ethics is a branch of philosophy. It is related to human nature. It reflects our behaviour.It plays an important role in building up our nature and behavior. As a society is made by people and their behavior and ethics plays an important role in organizing our behaviors so it is an important part of a society.


Following are some of the definitions of ethics as is defined by some philosophers.Ethics is a branch of philosophy that deals with moral component of human life.

Ethics are involved in a society to a great extent. Even they are much involved in human life therefore the
more a person is having or following ethics in his life, the more his life become decent, disciplined and
organized. Hence it is an important component of human life.
Ethics can also be defined as It reflects a society’s notions about the rightness or wrongness of an act and the distinctions between virtue and vice.
Ethics is taken as a collection of principles or a code of rules. It consists of such rules which a society adopts in its daily routine. Sometimes some of the rules or principles are set by the society and you have to obey them.
For example drinking is prohibited in an Islamic society but there are no restrictions in western societies on it. Therefore being a Muslim and a part of Muslim society it is compulsory for us to stay away from it.Even for an Islamic state it is unlawful. But if we are in a western society as there is no restriction hence now is the place where our ethics comes into action.
Ethics is often thought of as a set of principles or a code of moral conduct.
As we have discussed in the above example, that there are some places where we are no bounded for
certain things. There are no restrictions on us. It is that time where we have to utilize our personal ethics
to differentiate between right and wrong. Hence ethics regulate our moral conduct.
Another definition of ethics is
Ethics involves the evolution and application of those moral values that a society or culture hasaccepted as its norms It means that there are certain things which are purposed and applied by the society. They are then accepts
as the cultural norms of that society. It also differentiates it from other societies.Hence it has been shown by the above definitions that ethics is a branch of social sciences that deals with the moral conduct of individuals and also it is a collection of certain norms that are formulated and followed by a society.
Ethics and Media
Media has always got a great attraction for people. Since its evolution it has been performing its duty of entertaining as well as guiding people. Weather it is print media or electronic media people always tries to adopt its importance in their daily life. With the evolution 0f print media people had a great thirst for it. They take it as their foremost source of information. Hence media start playing three main roles which are as follows.
• Information
• Entertainment
• Guidance
With the addition of features and columns and magazines people’s interest was enhanced and they started idealizing the writers. They take their writings as for their guidance. Observing that much importance of media, there should be some limitations set for it. So that writers cant go beyond the ethics. Their writings and publications should be checked and controlled. For that matter certain laws to regulate media were formulated to keep a check on it. Hence a code of ethics was formulated for print media which is to be obeyed by the publisher.

Then with the gain in popularity of electronic media again there was a need to put a check on it. So different regulatory committees were made to regulate a code for them. So with the passage of time many codes were formulated and applied for them. By now a proper and complete code of principles is been set for whole media. but still there is another debate of freedom of media due to which changes keep on happening in these4 principles.
Sources of Ethics
There are certain sources of ethics. These sources include those persons, places or people which affect our lives at different stages and thus help us in developing and adopting our ethics.
These sources are as follows.
• Parents
• Peer groups
• Educational institutions
• Teen Age [school level]
• Adult Age [higher studies]
• Observations & Experiences
• Society
Parents are the primary and most important source of ethics. They are the first source whish introduce us
to the worlds. They teach us how top behave, how to talk how to walk, how to eat and above all hoe to
develop our ethics i.e. the way to deal with others.
Peer Group
Our second source of ethics is our peer group. This includes our age fellows and our friends. So it is the first time when you interact with the people other then your family. You gain many things from here also. The most important thing you get from your peer group is the development of your attitude. For example some of the children developed tolerance. Others may gain to react harshly to certain situations .Hence it also play an important role in developing ones self.
Educational Institutions
It includes development at two levels.
School level when we are at a stage of learning and adopting thing. At this period of age children try to copy others. They try to gain the qualities of those personalities which they like the most. So people around him specially teachers try to develop good qualities in them. They try to make them differentiate between right and wrong.
At Higher Educational level when children have both the pictures in front of them. Now they are socially bound to show their ethics. It is the time when others expect the particle side of their ethics they have learned so far. Hence they have to prove themselves what kind of nature he has developed so far.
God has sent us to do something special,Life is once for all but not to be Repeated by a pendulum.
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