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Old Wednesday, November 16, 2011
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Default General knowlege regarding mcqs of current affair paper

1 The first President of Bangladesh was Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
2 The longest river in the world is the Nile
3 The longest highway in the world is the Trans-Canada
4 The longest highway in the world has a length of About 8000 km
5 The highest mountain in the world is the Mount Everest
6 The country that accounts for nearly one third of the total teak production of the world is Myanmar
7 The biggest desert in the world is the Sahara desert
8 The largest coffee growing country in the world is Brazil
9 The country also known as "country of copper" is Zambia
10 The name given to the border which separates Pakistan and Afghanistan is Durand line
11 The river Volga flows out into the Caspian sea
12 The coldest place on the earth is Verkoyansk in Siberia
13 The country which ranks second in terms of land area is Canada
14 The largest Island in the Mediterranean sea is Sicily
15 The river Jordan flows out into the Dead sea

16 The biggest delta in the world is the Ganges Delta
17 The capital city that stands on the river Danube is Belgrade
18 The Japanese call their country as Nippon
19 The length of the English channel is 564 kilometres
20 The world's oldest known city is Damascus
21 The city which is also known as the City of Canals is Venice
22 The country in which river Wangchu flows is Myanmar
23 The biggest island of the world is Greenland
24 The city which is the biggest centre for manufacture of automobiles in the world is Detroit, USA
25 The country which is the largest producer of manganese in the world is China & South Africa
26 The country which is the largest producer of rubber in the world is Malaysia
27 The country which is the largest producer of tin in the world is China
28 The river which carries maximum quantity of water into the sea is the Amazon River
29 The city which was once called the `Forbidden City' was Peking
30 The country called the Land of Rising Sun is Japan
31 Mount Everest was named after Sir George Everest
32 The volcano Vesuvius is located in Italy
33 The country known as the Sugar Bowl of the world is Cuba
34 The length of the Suez Canal is 162.5 kilometers
35 The lowest point on earth is The coastal area of Dead sea

36 The Gurkhas are the original inhabitants of Nepal
37 The largest ocean of the world is the Pacific ocean
38 The largest bell in the world is the Tsar Kolkol at Kremlin, Moscow
39 The biggest stadium in the world is the Strahov Stadium, Prague
40 The world's largest diamond producing country is South Africa
41 Australia was discovered by James Cook
42 The first Governor General of Pakistan is Mohammed Ali Jinnah
43 Dublin is situated at the mouth of river Liffey
44 The earlier name of New York city was New Amsterdam
45 The Eiffel tower was built by Alexander Eiffel
46 The Red Cross was founded by Jean Henri Durant
47 The country which has highest population density is Monaco
48 The national flower of Britain is Rose
49 Niagara Falls was discovered by Louis Hennepin
50 The national flower of Italy is Lily
51 The national flower of China is Narcissus
52 The permanent secretariat of the SAARC is located at Kathmandu
53 The gateway to the Gulf of Iran is Strait of Hormuz
54 The first Industrial Revolution took place in England
55 World Environment Day is observed on 5th June

56 The first Republican President of America was Abraham Lincoln
57 The country famous for Samba dance is Brazil
58 The name of Alexander's horse was Beucephalus
59 Singapore was founded by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles
60 The famous British one-eyed Admiral was Nelson
61 The earlier name of Sri Lanka was Ceylon
62 The UNO was formed in the year 1945
63 UNO stands for United Nations Organization
64 The independence day of South Korea is celebrated on 15th August
65 'Last Judgement' was the first painting of an Italian painter named Michelangelo
66 Paradise Regained was written by John Milton
67 The first President of Egypt was Mohammed Nequib
68 The first man to reach North Pole was Rear Admiral Robert E. Peary
69 The most famous painting of Pablo Picasso was Guermica
70 The primary producer of newsprint in the world is Canada
71 The first explorer to reach the South Pole was Cap. Ronald Amundson
72 The person who is called the father of modern Italy is G.Garibaldi
73 World literacy day is celebrated on 8th September
74 The founder of modern Germany is Bismarck
75 The country known as the land of the midnight sun is Norway

76 The place known as the Roof of the world is Tibet
77 The founder of the Chinese Republic was San Yat Sen
78 The first Pakistani to receive the Nobel Prize was Abdul Salam
79 The first woman Prime Minister of Britain was Margaret Thatcher
80 The first Secretary General of the UNO was Trygve Lie
81 The sculptor of the statue of Liberty was Frederick Auguste Bartholdi
82 The port of Baku is situated in Azerbaijan
83 John F Kennedy was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald
84 The largest river in France is Loire
85 The Queen of England who married her brother-in-law was Catherine of Aragon
86 The first black person to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize was Ralph Johnson Bunche
87 The first British University to admit women for degree courses was London University
88 The principal export of Jamaica is Sugar
89 New York is popularly known as the city of Skyscrapers
90 Madagascar is popularly known as the Island of Cloves
91 The country known as the Land of White Elephant is Thailand
92 The country known as the Land of Morning Calm is Korea
93 The country known as the Land of Thunderbolts is Bhutan
94 The highest waterfalls in the world is the Salto Angel Falls, Venezuela
95 The largest library in the world is the United States Library of Congress, Washington DC

96 The author of Harry Potter Books is JK Rowling
97 Nickname of New York city is Big Apple
98 What do you call a group of sheep? A Flock of Sheep
99 In which sport do players take long and short corners? Hockey
100 Who was the youngest President of the USA? Theodore Roosevelt
101 How many legs do butterflies have? 6 Legs & 2 Pair of Wings
102 Who invented the Nintendo Wii? Kashi Kabushiki
103 What year does the Nintendo Wii come out? Late 2006
104 Who invented the Light Bulb? Humphry Davy
105 Who invented the washing machine? James King
106 Who invented the first electric washing machine? Alva Fisher
107 Who invented the safety pin? Walter Hunt
108 Who invented the Vacuum Cleaner? Hubert Booth
109 Who won the Football World Cup in 2006? Italy
110 Which country hosted the Football World Cup in 2006? Germany
110 Who is the new Prime Minister of the United Kingdom? David Cameron
111 Who won Men's Singles title in French Open 2010? Rafael Nadal (Spain)
112 Who won Women's Singles title in French Open 2010? Francesca Schiavone (Italy)
113 Who won Men's Doubles title in French Open 2010? Daniel Nestor (Canada) & Nenad Zimonjic (Serbia)
114 Who won Women's Doubles title in French Open 2010? Serena & Venus Williams (USA)
115 What is the longest word in English in which each letter is used at least two times? Unprosperousness
116 What is the most popular breed of dog? Retrievers
117 Who is the CEO of search company Google? Eric Schmidt
118 Who is Miss USA 2010? Rima Fakih
119 Which country won the Thomas Cup title for Badminton in 2010? China
120 Who was the first Indian to join the Indian Civil Services? Satyendranath Tagore
121 Who was the first woman Governor of India? Sarojini Naidu
122 Which two countries have signed the Nuclear Swap deal with Iran? Brazil and Turkey
123 Who won the Madrid Masters men's tournament in 2010? Rafael Nadal
124 Who is CEO of Yahoo? Carol Bartz
125 Who is the first man to climb Mount Everest without oxygen? Phu Dorji
126 How many words can you make from a five letter word by shuffling the places of each alphabet? 120
127 Speed of computer mouse is measured in which unit? Mickey
128 Who topped Forbes list of 'Billionaire Universities' in 2010? Harvard University
129 Barack Obama's birthday is on which date? August 4, 1961
130 Which bird is the international symbol of happiness? Bluebird
131 What is the pirate's flag with the skull and cross-bones called? Jolly Roger
132 What is the common name for ascorbic acid? Vitamin C
133 Which useful household item is made from naphthalene? Mothballs
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Old Wednesday, November 16, 2011
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Default 2nd part of General knowlege

The largest museum in the world is the American Museum of Natural History.
The lowest mountain range in the world is the Buena Bhaile.
The country known as the Land of Cakes is Scotland.
The place known as the Garden of England is Kent.
The tallest tower in the world is the C. N. Tower, Toronto, Canada.
The country famous for its fish catch is Japan.
The old name of Taiwan was Farmosa.
Montreal is situated on the bank of River Ottawa.
The city of Bonn is situated in Germany.
The literal meaning of Renaissance is Revival.
Julius Caesar was killed by Brutus.
The title of Desert Fox was given to Field Marshal Erwin Rommel.
The largest airport in the world is the King Khalid International Airport, Saudi Arabia.
The city in Russia which faced an earthquake in the year 1988 was Armenia. Later on it became a separate country.
The largest bay in the world is Hudson Bay, Canada.
The largest church in the world is Basilica of St. Peter, Vatican City, Rome.
The largest peninsula in the world is Arabia.
The largest gulf in the world is Gulf of Mexico.
The tallest statue in the world is the Motherland, Volgograd Russia.
The largest railway tunnel in the world is the Oshimizu Tunnel, Japan.
The world's loneliest island is the Tristan da cunha.
The word 'Quiz' was coined by Jim Daly Irishman.
The original meaning of 'Quiz' was Trick.
The busiest shopping centre of London is Oxford Street.
The residence of the Queen in London is Buckingham Palace.
Adolf Hitler was born in Austria.
The country whose National Anthem has only music but no words is Bahrain.
The largest cinema in the world is the Fox theatre, Detroit, USA.
The country where there are no Cinema theatres is Saudi Arabia.
The world's tallest office building is the Sears Tower, Chicago.
In the year 1811, Paraguay became independent from Spain.
The cross word puzzle was invented by Arthur Wynne.
The city which was the capital of the ancient Persian Empire was Persepolis.
WHO stands for World Health Organization.
WHO (World Health Organization) is located at Geneva.
FAO stands for Food and Agriculture Organization.
FAO is located at Rome and London.
UNIDO stands for United Nations Industrial Development Organization.
UNIDO is located at Vienna.
WMO stands for World Meteorological Organization.
WMO is located at Geneva.
International Civil Aviation Organization is located at Montreal.
The Angel Falls is located in Venezuela.
The Victoria Falls is located in Rhodesia.
General Knowledge Facts


Ice Cream was discovered by Gerald Tisyum.
The number regarded as lucky number in Italy is thirteen.
Napoleon suffered from alurophobia which means Fear of cats.
The aero planes were used in war for the first time by Italians. (14 Oct.1911)
Slavery in America was abolished by Abraham Lincoln.
The Headquarters of textile manufacturing in England is Manchester.
The famous Island located at the mouth of the Hudson River is Manhattan.
The founder of plastic industry was Leo Hendrik Baekeland.
The country where military service is compulsory for women is Israel.
The country which has more than 10,000 golf courses is USA.
The famous painting 'Mona Lisa' is displayed at Louvre museum, Paris.
The earlier name for tomato was Love apple.
The first President of USA was George Washington.
The famous words 'Veni Vidi Vici' were said by Julius Caesar.
The practice of sterilization of surgical instruments was introduced by Joseph Lister.
The number of countries which participated in the first Olympic Games held at Athens was nine.
Mercury is also known as Quick Silver.
Disneyland is located in California, USA.
The country which built the first powerful long range rockets is Germany.
Sewing Machine was invented by Isaac M. Singer.
Adding Machine was invented by Aldrin.
The national emblem of Spain is Eagle.
Archimedes was born in Sicily.
The total area of Vatican City is 0.272 square kilometers.
The largest temple in the world is Angkor Wat in Kampuchea.
The largest dome in the world is Louisiana Superdome, New Orleans, USA.
The largest strait in the world is Tartar Strait.
The Mohenjo-Daro ruins are found in Larkand District of Sind, Pakistan.
The largest city of Africa is Cairo.
The founder of KODAK Company was Eastman.
The 'Cape of Good Hope' is located in South Africa.
The Heathrow Airport is located in London.
The neon lamp was invented by Georges Claude.
The last letter of the Greek alphabet is Omega.
The place known as the land of Lincoln is Illinois.
The US state Utah is also known as Beehive state.
The Kalahari Desert is located in Africa.
The Patagonian desert is located in Argentina.
The person known as the father of aeronautics is Sir George Cayley.
The most densely populated Island in the world is Honshu.
The two nations Haiti and the Dominion Republic together form the Island of Hispaniola.
The largest auto producer in the USA is General Motors.
The largest auto producing nation is Japan.
The famous 'General Motors' company was founded by William Durant.
The country that brings out the FIAT is Italy.
The first actor to win an Oscar was Emil Jannings.
The first animated colour cartoon of full feature length was Snow White and Seven Dwarfs.
The first demonstration of a motion picture was held at Paris.
The first country to issue stamps was Britain.
The actor who is considered as the biggest cowboy star of the silent movies is Tom Mix.
The Pentagon is located at Washington DC.
The world's largest car manufacturing company is Toyota Motors, JAPAN.
The world's biggest manufacturer of bicycles is Hero Cycles, India.
The world's oldest underground railway is at London.
The White House was painted white to hide fire damage.
The largest oil producing nation in Africa is Nigeria.
The longest river in Russia and Europe is Volga River.
The first Emperor of Germany was Wilhelm.
The last French Monarch was Louis Napoleon III.
"History is Bunk" was said by Henry Ford.
The term 'astrology' literally means Star Speech.
Togo is situated in Africa.
Coal is also known as Black Diamond.
The first Boxer to win 3 gold medals in Olympics was Laszlo Papp.
The first ruler who started war games for his soldiers was Genghis Khan.
The first cross word puzzle in the world was published in 1924 by London Sunday Express.


The lightest known metal is Lithium.
The Atacama Desert is located in North Chile.
The oil used to preserve timber is Creosote oil.
The founder of USA was George Washington.
The first talkie feature film in USA was 'The Jazz Singer'.
The chemical name of laughing gas is Nitrous oxide.
The US state North Carolina is also known as Tar Heel state.
The US state Tennesse is also known as Volunteer state.
The US state Indiana is also known as Hoosier state.
The US state Kentucky is also known as Blue Grass state.
The US state known as 'Pine Free State' is Vermont.
The US state known as 'Mountain State' is West Virginia.
The US state known as 'Land of 1000 Lakes' is Minnesota.
The popular detective character created by Agatha Christie is Hercule Poirot.
The Pakistani President who died in an air crash was Zia-ul-Huq.
Yoghurt means Fermented milk.
Yankee is the nickname of American.
The International court of Justice is located in Hague, Holland.
The headquarters of World Bank is located at Washington DC.
Victoria Falls was discovered by David Livingstone.
The technique to produce the first test tube baby was evolved by Patrick Steptoe and Robert Edwards.
The oldest residential university of Britain is the Oxford University.
The name of the large clock on the tower of the House of Parliament in London is called Big Ben.
Prado Museum is located in Madrid.
The number of keys in an ordinary piano is Eighty eight.
'Man is a Tool Making Animal' was said by Benjamin Franklin.
The term 'anesthesia' was coined by Oliver Wendell Holmes.
The first man to reach Antarctica was Fabian Gottlieb.
The Kilimanjaro volcano is situated in Tanzania.
The invention that is considered to have built America is Dynamite.
Words that contains all the vowels: Authentication, Remuneration, Education, Automobile, Miscellaneous and many more.
Words that contain all the vowels in order: Facetious and Abstemious.
Words that contain all the vowels in reverse order: Uncomplimentary, Unproprietary, Unoriental and Subcontinental.
Words with no vowel in them: Myth, Fly, Sky, Dry, Cry, Rhythm, Crypt.
Which country declares independence on 18th Feb 2008? - Kosovo.
Who was the founder of the kindergarten education system? - German educator Friedrich Froebel
What is the scientific name of Vitamin C? - Ascorbic Acid
What is the full form of GPRS? - General Packet Radio Service
Which was the first university established in the world? - Nalanda University
What is full form of CEO, CFO & CIO titles? Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer & Chief Information Officer.
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Old Wednesday, November 16, 2011
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Default 3rd part of general knowledge

1. Which strait separates the North and South islands of New Zealand? Cook Strait
2. In which city is the Doge’s Palace? Venice
3. Who plays Johnny Depp’s uncle in the 1993 flm Arizona Dream? Jim Carrey
4. Which New Zealand golfer won the 2000 Australian Masters in Melbourne? Michael Campbell
5. Which continent has the larger land mass: Africa or North America? Africa
6. Aston, Aston, Rizzo, Stevenson, Gilvear: which 1980s group? Gene Loves Jezebel
7. What name is given to the art of preparing, stuffng and mounting the skins of animals to make lifelike models? Taxidermy
8. Which artist was appointed court painter to Charles IV of Spain in 1786? Goya
9. The name of which Roman god means ‘shining father' in Latin? Jupiter
10. What is the name of the dog in Punch and Judy shows? Toby

11. What was the name of the Addams Family butler? Lurch
12. Who directed the 1995 flm Heat, which starred Al Pacino? Michael Mann
13. Which theoretical temperature corresponds to minus 273.15 degrees on the Celsius scale? Absolute zero
14. Which seven-a-side ball game is played in a swimming pool? Water polo
15. Which Roman Catholic organization takes its name from the Latin for ‘God's work’? Opus Dei
16. Bamboozled is a flm by which controversial US director? Spike Lee
17. Which word meaning ‘rebirth’ describes the period in European history which began in the 14th century? Renaissance
18. Who starred opposite Pierce Brosnan in the remake of The Thomas Crown Affair? Rene Russo
19. Of which French overseas region in South America is Cayenne the capital? French Guiana
20. In which year did David Koresh and the Branch Davidians Christian cult hold a siege in Waco, Texas?
1993
21. Who wrote Bleak House? Charles Dickens
22. Which actor’s real name was Marion Michael Morrison? John Wayne
23. What would a costermonger sell? Fruits & Vegetables
24. Which actress played the title role in the flm adaptation of Bridget Jones’s Diary? Renee Zellweger
25. ‘George’ is an informal name for which feature of an aircraft? Automatic Pilot

26. Who wrote The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner? Alan Sillitoe
27. How is Sarah Michelle Gellar better known to millions? Buffy
28. Ganymede is a satellite of which planet? Jupiter
29. What nationality was the composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart? Austrian
30. For which element is Co the chemical symbol? Cobalt
31. The German port of Hamburg lies near the mouth of which major European river? Elbe
32. In Arctic regions, what kind of features are sastrugi? Wind-formed patterns in ice and snow
33. In the Americas, what is a mesa? Flat-topped mountain
34. Which city was the frst in the world to have a population of more than one million? London (circa 1811)
35. The Taj Mahal is located near to which Indian city? 5 Agra
36. St Michael’s Mount lies off the coast of which English county? Cornwall
37. To where would you have to travel in order to stand by the Marsh of Decay? Moon
38. What is the English name for the Bayern region of Germany? Bavaria
39. In Lord of the Rings, what was the name of Gandalf’s white horse? Shadowfax
40. Which famous Nazi-hunter died in Vienna in 2005, aged 96? Simon Wiesenthal
41. The 1956 film 'Reach for the Sky' is based on whose life story? Douglas Bader
42. Who voiced Stinky Pete in the flm 'Toy Story 2'? Kelsey Grammer
43. How many times did Bobby Jones win the US Amateur Championship in golf? Five
44. In which sport is the 'Conn Smythe Trophy' awarded? Ice hockey
45. Which female singer recorded the 2001 album Read My Lips? Sophie Ellis Bextor
46. Which singer recorded the 2000 album 'Holy Wood' (In the Shadow of the Valley of Death)? Marilyn Manson
47. Which was the frst element to be created artifcially? Technetium
48. In which European capital city is the Institut Pasteur based? Paris
49. Which condition does the acronym AIDS stand for? Acquired Immune Defciency Syndrome
50. In computing, what does ISDN stand for? Integrated Services Digital Network
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Default Interesting Facts About Technology - General Knowledge

Aircraft Carrier

An aircraft carrier gets about 6 inches per gallon of fuel.

Airplanes
The first United States coast to coast airplane flight occurred in 1911 and took 49 days.
A Boeing 747s wingspan is longer than the Wright brother's first flight (120ft).
Aluminum

The Chinese were using aluminum to make things as early as 300 AD Western civilization didn't rediscover aluminum until 1827.

Automobile

George Seldon received a patent in 1895 - for the automobile. Four years later, George sold the rights for $200,000.

Coin Operated Machine

The first coin operated machine ever designed was a holy-water dispenser that required a five-drachma piece to operate. It was the brainchild of the Greek scientist Hero in the first century AD.

Compact Discs

Compact discs read from the inside to the outside edge, the reverse of how a record works.

Computers
ENIAC, the first electronic computer, appeared 50 years ago. The original ENIAC was about 80 feet long, weighed 30 tons, had 17,000 tubes. By comparison, a desktop computer today can store a million times more information than an ENIAC, and 50,000 times faster.
From the smallest microprocessor to the biggest mainframe, the average American depends on over 264 computers per day.
The first "modern" computer (i.e., general-purpose and program-controlled) was built in 1941 by Konrad Zuse. Since there was a war going on, he applied to the German government for funding to build his machines for military use, but was turned down because the Germans did not expect the war to last beyond Christmas.
The computer was launched in 1943, more than 100 years after Charles Babbage designed the first programmable device. Babbage dropped his idea after he couldn't raise capital for it. In 1998, the Science Museum in London, UK, built a working replica of the Babbage machine, using the materials and work methods available at Babbage's time. It worked just as Babbage had intended.
Electric Chair

The electric chair was invented by a dentist, Alfred Southwick.

E-Mail

The first e-mail was sent over the Internet in 1972.

Eye Glasses

The Chinese invented eyeglasses. Marco Polo reported seeing many pairs worn by the Chinese as early as 1275, 500 years before lens grinding became an art in the West.

Glass

If hot water is suddenly poured into a glass that glass is more apt to break if it is thick than if it is thin. This is why test tubes are made of thin glass.

Hard Hats

Construction workers hard hats were first invented and used in the building of the Hoover Dam in 1933.

Hoover Dam

The Hoover Dam was built to last 2,000 years. The concrete in it will not even be fully cured for another 500 years.

Limelight

Limelight was how we lit the stage before electricity was invented. Basically, illumination was produced by heating blocks of lime until they glowed.

Mobile (Cellular) Phones

As much as 80% of microwaves from mobile phones are absorbed by your head.

Nuclear Power

Nuclear ships are basically steamships and driven by steam turbines. The reactor just develops heat to boil the water.

Oil

The amount of oil that is used worldwide in one year is doubling every ten years. If that rate of increase continues and if the world were nothing but oil, all the oil would be used up in 400 years.

Radio Waves

Radio waves travel so much faster than sound waves that a broadcast voice can be heard sooner 18,000 km away than in the back of the room in which it originated.

Rickshaw

The rickshaw was invented by the Reverend Jonathan Scobie, an American Baptist minister living in Yokohama, Japan, built the first model in 1869 in order to transport his invalid wife. Today it remains a common mode of transportation in the Orient.

Ships & Boats
The cruise liner, Queen Elizabeth 2, moves only six inches for each gallon of diesel that it burns.
The world's oldest surviving boat is a simple 10 feet long dugout dated to 7400 BC. It was discovered in Pesse Holland in the Netherlands.
Rock drawings from the Red Sea site of Wadi Hammamat, dated to around 4000 BC show that Egyptian boats were made from papyrus and reeds.
The world's earliest known plank-built ship, made from cedar and sycamore wood and dated to 2600 BC, was discovered next to the Great Pyramid in 1952.
The Egyptians created the first organized navy in 2300 BC.
Oar-powered ships were developed by the Sumerians in 3500 BC.
Sails were first used by the Phoenicians around 2000 BC.
Silicon Chip

A chip of silicon a quarter-inch square has the capacity of the original 1949 ENIAC computer, which occupied a city block.

Skyscraper

The term skyscraper was first used way back in 1888 to describe an 11-story building.

Sound

Sound travels 15 times faster through steel than through the air.

Telephones

There are more than 600 million telephone lines today, yet almost half the world's population has never made a phone call.

Television

Scottish inventor John Logie Baird gave the first public demonstration of television in 1926 in Soho, London. Ten years later there were only 100 TV sets in the world.

Traffic Lights

Traffic lights were used before the advent of the motorcar. In 1868, a lantern with red and green signals was used at a London intersection to control the flow of horse buggies and pedestrians.

Transistors

More than a billion transistors are manufactured... every second.

VCR's

The first VCR, made in 1956, was the size of a piano.

Windmill

The windmill originated in Iran in AD 644. It was used to grind grain.

World Trade Center

The World Trade Center towers were designed to collapse in a pancake-like fashion, instead of simply falling over on their sides. This design feature saved hundreds, perhaps thousands of lives on Sept. 11, 2001, when they were destroyed by terrorists.
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Old Wednesday, November 16, 2011
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Default Countries and their Parliaments

Country Name of Parliament
Afghanistan Shora
Bangladesh Jatiya Sangsad
Bhutan Tsongdu
Bulgaria Narodna Subranie
Myanmar (Burma) Pyithu Hluttaw
Denmark Folketing
Ethiopia Shergo
Finland Eduskusta

Germany Bundestag (Lower House), Bundestrat (Upper House)
Greenland Landstraad
Iceland Althing
India Lok Sabha (Lower House), Rajya Sabha (Upper House)
Indonesia Majlis
Iran Majlis
Israel Knesset
Japan Diet
Malaysia Dewan Rakyat and Dewan Negara
Maldives Majlis
Mongolia Great People?s Khural
Nepal National Panchayat
The Netherlands The Staten General
Norway Storting
Poland Sejm
Spain Cortes

Surinam Staten
Swaziland Liblandla
Sweden Riksdaq
Switzerland Federal Assembly
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Default Religions of the World

1. Buddhism
Founder Gautam Siddhartha Buddha (563-483 BC) born in Nepal (Lumbini)
Founded in 525 BC
Followed in India, China, Tibet, Korea, Mongolia, Nepal, Bhutan, Thailand, Japan, Laos, Myanmar (Burma), Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Taiwan, Indonesia, Bhutan and Vietnam
Sacred Text The Tripitaka (Collection of Buddha?s teaching) also called Sutras
Sacred Places Lumbini (Nepal) where he received enlightenment and Kusinagar (UP) where he attained ?Nirvana?.
Place of Worship Vihar (temple) and Monastery (where monks reside)
Sects Mahayana and Hinayana
2. Confucianism
Founder King Fu Tsu, Better known as Confucius (551-479 BC) born in the state of LU in china.
Founded in 500 BC
Followed in China, Taiwan, South Korea, Nauru and Vietnam
Sacred Text The Analects
Sacred Places No church or temple
3. Christianity
Founder Jesus Christ (5 BC to AD 30) born in Judea, also called Jesus of Nazareth
Founded in 2000 years ago
Followed in Spread all over the world
Sacred Text Holy Bible consisting of Old Testament (before Christ) and the New Testament (during and after Christ)
Sacred Places Jerusalem where Christ lived and preached
Place of Worship Church
Important Sects Catholics and Protestants



4. Hinduism
Founder Ancient Sages
Founded in Around 1500 BC
Followed in Concentrated in India and Nepal and also found in Bhutan, Fiji, Guyana, Indonesia, Mauritius, Sri Lanka, South Africa, Surinam, Trinidad and Tobago
Sacred Text The Vedas, the Upanishads, the Bhagavad-Gita and the epics of the Mahabharata and the Ramayana
Place of Worship Temple
5. Islam
Founder Prophet Mohammed (AD 570-632) born in Mecca (Saudi Arabia)
Founded in AD 622
Followed in From west coast of Africa to the Philippines which includes Tanzania, Southern part of Russia and China, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Malaysia and Indonesia. Also parts of North Africa.
Sacred Text Quran (words of God), Hadis (Collection of Prophet?s saying).
Sacred Places Makkah (mecca) in Saudi Arabia
Place of Worship Masjid (mosque)
Sects Sunnis and Shias
6. Judaism (Religion of the Hebrews)
Founder Moses, born in Egypt
Founded in 1300 BC
Followed in Worldwide with concentration in Israel and United States
Sacred Text Talmads, found particularly in the five books of the Bible; commentary on Torah known as Talmud and Midrash
Sacred Places Jerusalem
Place of Worship Synagogue
7. Shintoism
Founder Began with Japanese culture and developed out of tradition and ancestor worship
Followed in Japan
Sacred Text No specific text
Sacred Places Central Shrine of Ise (central Japan) and the Yasukuni Shrine in Tokyo



8. Sikhism
Founder Guru Nanak (1469-1539)
Founded in AD 1500
Followed in India
Sacred Text Shri Guru Granth Sahib
Sacred Places The Golden Temple of Amritsar
Place of Worship Gurudwara
9. Taoism
Founder Lao-tse, a Chinese Philosopher
Founded in 6th century BC
Followed in China, Taiwan, Nauru, Brunei, Singapore and Vietnam
Sacred Text Tao-te-Ching
10. Zoroastrianism (Parsi Religion)
Founder Zoroaster, born in Medea (modern Iran) in about 660 BC
Founded in Around 500 BC
Followed in Iran and north-west India. The Zoroastrians who fled to India during the eighth century are the ancestors of the present Parsi Community in India
Sacred Text Zend Avasta
Place of Worship Fire temple
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Default World Countries, their Capitals, Currency and Embassy Website

Country Capital Currency Embassy Website
Afghanistan Kabul Afghani embassyofafghanistan.org
Albania Tirana Lek keshilliministrative.al
Algeria Algiers Dinar algeria-us.org
Andorra Andorra la Vella Euro andorra.ad
Angola Luanda New Kwanza angola.org
Antigua and Barbuda Saint John's (Antigua) East Caribbean Dollar antigua-barbuda.com
Argentina Buenos Aires Peso turismo.gov.ar.org
Armenia Yerevan Dram armeniaemb.org
Australia Canberra Australian Dollar australia.gov.au
Austria Vienna Euro austria.gov.au
Azerbaijan, Republic of Baku (Baki) Manat azembassy.com
Bahamas, The Nassau Bahamian Dollar bahamas.gov.bs
Bahrain Al-Manama Bahrain Dinar behrainembassy.org
Bangladesh Dhaka Taka bangladeshgov.org
Barbados Bridgetown Barbados Dollar barbados.gov.bb
Belarus Minsk Belorussian Rubel belarusembassy.org
Belgium Brussels (formerly Belgian Franc) Euro belgium.fgov.be
Belize Belmopan Belize Dollar belize.gov.bz
Benin Porto Novo (official capital); Contonu (Seat of govt.) CFA Franc gouv.bj/en
Bhutan Thimphu Ngultrum bhutan.gov.bt
Bolivia La Paz (Seat of govt.); Sucre (legal capital and seat of judiciary) Boliviano bolivia.gov.bo
Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo Marka bhembassy.org
Botswana Gaborone Pula gov.bw
Brazil Brasilia Real brasilemb.org
Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan Brunei Dollar brunei.gov.bn
Bulgaria Sofia Lev government.bg

Burundi Bujumbura Burundi Franc burundiembassy-usa.org
Cambodia Phnom Penh Riel cambodia.gov.kh
Cameroon Yaound CFA Franc spm.gov.cm
Canada Ottawa Canadian Dollar canada.gc.ca
Cape Verde Praia Cape Verdean Escudo virtualcapeverde.net
Central African Republic Bangui CFA Franc state.gov/p/af/ci/ct
Chad N'Djamena CFA Franc chadembassy.org
Chile Santiago Chilean Peso chileangovernment.cl/
China Beijing Yuan/Renminbi english.gov.en
Colombia Santa Fe de Bogot Colombian Peso coluombiaemb.org
Comoros Moroni Franc state.gov/p/af/ci/cn
Congo, Dem. Republic of the Kinshasa Congolese Franc un.int/drcongo
Congo, Republic of Brazzaville CFA Franc state/fov/p/af/ci/cf
Costa Rica San Jose Colon costarica-embassy.org
Cote d'Ivoire Yamoussoukro CFA Franc cotedivorire.usembassy.gov
Croatia Zagreb Kuna vlada.hr
Cuba Havana Cuban Peso cubagob.ci
Cyprus Lefkosia (Nicosia) Cyprus pound moi.gov.cy
Czech Republic Prague Koruna czech.cz
Denmark Copenhagen Krone denmark.dk
Djibouti Djibouti Djibouti Franc djibouti.usembassy.gov
Dominica Roseau East Caribbean Dollar dominica.dm
Dominican Republic Santo Domingo Dominican Peso Domrep.org
East Timor Dili US Dollar ecuador.org/main.htm
Ecuador Quito US Dollar
Egypt Cairo Egyptian Pound sis.gov.eg
El Salvador San Salvador Colon, US Dollar elsavador.org
Equatorial Guinea Malabo CFA Franc state.gov/p/as/ci/ek
Eritrea Asmara (Formerly Asmera) Nakfa shabait.com
Estonia Tallinn Kroon riik.ee/en
Ethiopia Addis Ababa Birr moinfo.gouv.fr
Fiji Suva (Viti Levu) Birr fiji.gov.fj
Finland Helsinki Euro (Formerly Marka) finland.fi
France Paris Euro (Formerly French Franc) diplomatie.gauv.fr
Gabon Libreville CFA Franc legabon.org
Gambia, The Banjul Dalasi statehouse.gm/index.html
Georgia T'bilisi Lari parliament.ge
Germany Berlin Euro (Formerly Deutsche Mark) germany-info.org
Ghana Accra Cedi ghana.gov.gd
Greece Athens Euro (Formerly Drachma) primeminister.gr/gr
Grenada Saint George's East Caribbean Dollar gov.gd
Guatemala Guatemala City Quetzal guatemala-embassy.org
Guinea Conakry Guinean Franc guinea-usembaddy.gov
Guinea Bissau Bissau CFA Franc state.gov
Guyana Georgetown Guyanese Dollar op.gov.gy
Haiti Port-au-Prince Gourde haiti.org
Honduras Tegucigalpa Lempira hondurasemb.org
Hungary Budapest Forint hungary.hu
Iceland Reykjavik Icelandic Krona iceland.is
India New Delhi Rupee india.gov.in
Indonesia Jakarta Rupiah embassyofindonesia.org
Iran Tehran Rial spk-gov.ir
Iraq Baghdad Dinar/US Dollar iraqigoverment.org
Ireland Dublin Euro (Formerly Irish Pound) irlgov.ie
Israel Jerusalem1 Shekel mfa.gov.il
Italy Rome Euro (Formerly Lira) italyemb.org
Jamaica Kingston Dinar jis.gov.jm
Japan Tokyo Yen kantei.go.jp
Jordan Amman Dinar jordanembassyus.org
Kazakhstan Astana2 Tenge government.kz
Kenya Nairobi Kenya Shilling kenyaembassy.com
Kiribati South Tarawa Australian Dollar state.gov
Korea, North Pyongyang Won korea-dpr-org
Korea, South Seoul Won korea.net
Kuwait Kuwait City Kuwaiti Dinar kuwait-info.org
Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Som president.kg
Laos Vientiane New Kip tourismlaos.gov.la
Latvia Riga Lat lv
Lebanon Beirut Lebanese Pound lebanonembassy.org
Lesotho Maseru Loti lesotho.gov.ls
Liberia Monrovia Liberian Dollar embassyofliberia.org
Libya Tripoli Libyan Dinar libya-un.org
Liechtenstein Vaduz Swiss Franc liechtenstin.li/en
Lithuania Vilnius Litas president.lt/en
Luxembourg Luxembourg Ville Euro (Formerly Luxembourg Franc) luxembourg-usa.org
Macedonia Skopje3 Denar vlada.mk
Madagascar Antananarivo Ariary madagascar-consulate.org
Malawi Lilongwe Kwacha malawi.gov.mw
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur4 Ringgit gov.my
Maldives Male rufiyaa maldivesinfor.gov.us
Mali Bamako CFA Franc maliembassy.us
Malta Valletta Maltese Lira gov.mt
Marshall Islands Majuro Us Dollar rmiebassyus.org
Mexico Mexico City (Distrito Federal) Mexican Peso presidencia.gob.mx
Micronesia Fed. States of Palikir US Dollar fsmgov.org
Moldova Chisinau Leu Moldova.org
Monaco Monaco Ville Euro gouv.mc
Mongolia Ulaanbaatar Tugrik pmis.gov.ma
Morocco Rabat Dirham mincom.gov.ma
Montenegro Padgorica Euro montenegro.yu
Mozambique Maputo Metical embamoc-usa.org
Myanmar Rangoon5 Kyat myanmar.gov.mm
Namibia Windhoek Namibian Dollar grnnet.gov.na
Nauru No official capital; govt offices in Yaren District Australian Dollar un.int/nauru
Nepal Kathmandu Napalese Rupee nepalgov.np
Netherlands Amsterdam Euro government.nl
New Zealand Wellington New Zealand Dollar govt.nz
Nicaragua Managua Gold Cordoba consuladodenicaragua.org
Niger Niamey CFA Franc nigerembassyusa.org
Nigeria Abuja Naira nigeria.gov.ng
Norway Oslo Norwegian Krone norway.no
Oman Muscat Omani Rial omanet.om
Pakistan Islamabad Pakistan Rupee pakistan.gov.pk
Palau Koror US Dollar palaugon.net
Panama Panama City Balboa, US Dollar visitpanama.com
Papua New Guinea Port Moresby Kina pngonline.gov.pg
Paraguay Asuncion Guarani paraguayconsulatela.com
Peru Lima Nuevo sol peru.info/perueng.asp
Philippines, The Manila Peso gov.ph
Poland Warsaw Zloty poland.pl
Portugal Lisbon Euro (Formerly Escudo) portugal.gov.pt
Puerto Rico San Juan US Dollar
Qatar Doha Qatari Riyal english.mofa.gov.qa
Romania Bucharest Leu guv.ro/engleza
Russia Moscow Ruble gov.ru
Rwanda Kigali Rwanda Franc gov.rw
St. Kitts and Nevis Basseterre East Caribbean Dollar stkittsnevis.net
St. Lucia Castries East Caribbean Dollar stlucica.gov.lc
St. Vincent & the Grenadines Kingstown East Caribbean Dollar embsvg.com
Samoa Apia Tala govt.ws
San Marino San Marino Euro sanmarino.usvpp.gov
Sao Tome and Principe Sao Tome Dobra saotome.org
Saudi Arabia Riyadh Riyal saudiembassy.net
Senegal Dakar CFA Franc senegal-tourism.com
Serbia Belgrade Yugoslav new dinar gov.yu
Seychelles Victoria Seychelles Dollar virtualseychelles.sc
Sierra Leone Freetown Leone statehouse.sl.org
Singapore Singapore Singapore Dollar gov.sg
Slovakia Bratislava Koruna sigov.si
Slovenia Ljubljana Slovenian Tolar e-uprava.gov.si
Solomon Islands Honiara Solomon Islands Dollar pmc.gov.sb
Somalia Mogadishu Somali Shilling state.gov/p/af/ci/so
South Africa Pretoria6 Rand gov.za
Spain Madrid Euro (Formerly Peseta) la-moncloa.es
Sri Lanka Colombo7 Sri Lanka Rupee Priu.gov.lk
Sudan Khartoum Dinar sudan.gov.sd
Suriname Paramaribo Surinamese Dollar surinameambsaddy.org
Swaziland Mbabane8 Lilangeni gov.sz
Sweden Stockholm Krona sweden.gov.se
Switzerland Bern Swiss Franc swissemb.org
Syria Damascus Syrian Pound syrianembassy.us
Taiwan Taipei Taiwan New Dollar gov.tw
Tajikistan Dushanbe Somoni tjus.org
Tanzania Dar es Salaam9 Tanzanian Shilling tanzania.go.tz
Thailand Bangkok Baht thaiembdc.org
Togo Lome CFA Franc state.gov/p/af/ci/to
Tonga Nuku'alofa Pa'anga pmo.gov.to
Trinidad and Tobago Port-of-Spain Trinidad and Tobago Dollar gov.tt
Tunisia Tunis Tunisian Dinar tourismtunisia.com
Turkey Ankara Turkish New Lira (YTL) turkishembassy.org
Turkmenistan Ashgabat Manat turkmenistanembassy.org
Tuvalu Funafuti10 Australian dollar timelesstuvalu.com
Uganda Kampala Ugandan New Shilling statehouse.go.ug
Ukraine Kiev Hryvna kmu.gov.ua/control/en
United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi UAE Dirham government.ae/gov/en
United Kingdom London Pound Sterling direct.gov.uk
United State Washington, DC US Dollar firstgov.gov
Uruguay Montevideo Uruguay Peso uruwashi.org
Uzbekistan Tashkent (Toshkent) Uzbekistani Som gov.uz
Vanuatu Port-Vila (Efate) Vatu vanuatu.gov.ru
Vatican City (Holy See) Vatican City Euro vatican.va
Venezuela Caracas Bolivars embavenez-us.org
Vietnam Hanoi Dong na.gov.vn
Yemen Sana Rial nic.gov.ye
Zambia Lusaka Kwacha statehouse.gov.zm
Zimbabwe Harare Zimbabwean dollar zim.gov.zw

Israel proclaimed Jerusalem as its capital in 1950, but nearly all countries, maintain their Embassies in Tel Aviv.
The govt. moved from Almaty to Astana in December 1998.
Macedonia is, The Former Republic of Yugoslav.
Putrajaya is referred to as the administrative capital.
Regime refers to the capital as Yangon.
Cape Town - legislative seat Bloemfontein - judicial seat.
Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte is the Legislative capital.
Lobamba is the royal and legislative capital.
Legislative officer transferred to Dodoma,which is planned as the new national capital.
Administration Offices are located in Vaiaku Village on Fongafale.
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