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Roshan wadhwani Wednesday, July 20, 2011 11:04 PM

My Islamiat Notes (Kindly Check)
Asslam Alaikum Dear friends and members...after pak affairs notes, here iam placing my islamiat notes, hoping for positive response from the members, and request all the senior members and qualifiers to give a considerate look at my notes and guide me, corrections will be welcomed warmly....waiting for kind replies...Regards



• [B]Definition Of Zakat
• Zakat In The Light Of Quran And Hadith
• Objectives Of Zakat
i) Purification Of The Soul
ii) Help Of The Poor
iii) Support Of Islam
• Importance Of Zakat

[B][U]Definition Of Zakat:[/U][/B]

[CENTER][B]“And observe prayer, and pay the poor-rate and bow with those who bow.”
(Al-Baqara: 43)[/B][/CENTER]

The Arabic word Zakat means purity and cleanliness. The word Zakat is derived from word [B]“Tazkia”[/B]. In religious terminology, Zakat means that a Muslim who is in possession of certain amount of wealth or more, is required by his religion to spend 1/40 of it at the end of year on the poor, the needy and the wayfarer, an on such other items of charity and good doing, as are prescribed for it by God and the Prophet.

[B][U]Zakat In The Light Of Quran And Hadith:[/U][/B]

Among the fundamental tenets of Islam Zakat occupies a great importance and it is the third pillar of Islam. At several places in the Quran Zakat has been enjoined on Muslims side by side with Namaz.

[CENTER][B]“Be steadfast in prayer and practice regular charity.”[/B][/CENTER]

The Holy Quran says:

[CENTER][B]“….those who spend their wealth
By night and by day,
Secretly and openly,
Therefore for them is their reward with their Lord.
And there is no fear on them,
Nor shall they grieve.
(Al-Baqara: 274)
And Again:
“The attribute of those who spend their wealth in God’s way,
Is like the attribute of a grain,
Which grows into seven spikes,
In each spike a hundred grains;
And God multiplies it for whom He pleases;
For God is Vast, Knowing.”
(Al-Baqara: 261)[/B][/CENTER]

The Holy Quran says that those who give charity should not make show of it.

[CENTER][B]“O’ ye who believe!
Render not void your charity,
By (show of) obligation and injury,
Like him who spends his wealth
For the sake of show of mankind,
And he does not believe in God ,
And the Future day,
His attribute is,
As the attribute of a smooth rock,
With some soil thereon,
Then it catches a heavy rain
Which then leaves it as bare stone;
Nothing which they earned is of any avail.”
(Al-Baqara: 264)[/B][/CENTER]

The Holy prophet said about the Zakat that:

[CENTER][B]“I have been commanded to fight against people till they testify that there is no god but Allah, and they establish prayer and pay Zakat and if they do it, then blood and property are guaranteed protection on my behalf and their affairs rest with Allah.” (Muslim)[/B][/CENTER]

If any Muslim refused to pay Zakat, an Islamic government was duty bound to punish him. In the times of Caliph Abu Bakr some of the tribes refused to pay the poor-due. He declared war against them:

[CENTER][B]“By Allah I would fight definitely against him who makes a distinction between the prayer and Zakat.” (Muslim).[/B]
The above mentioned quotations from the Quran and the Hadith are sufficient to signify the position of the poor-due in Islam. They make it abundantly clear that the edifice of Islam cannot be raised without full regard to the poor-due. It was actually for this, that the poor-due was included among the pillars of the Faith.

[B][U]Objectives Of Zakat:[/U][/B]

[B][U]i) Purification Of The Soul:[/U][/B]

Zakat relates to a person’s individual capacity. The alms giver cleanses his heart from greed and acquires fear of Allah. Allah has said:

[CENTER][B]“He shall be saved from Hell fire who is God fearing and who gives riches to others for the purification of the soul.”
(Al-Lail: 17-18)[/B][/CENTER]

In this verse Zakat has been described as a means of purifying the soul. Holy Prophet has proclaimed the Love of the world is the root of all the evils. Love for the world may have many aspects but in essence it is one. Emancipation of the heart from temporal love is nothing but its purification. If the poor due yields the freedom of the soul it proves that it has quality of purifying the soul. Free from the love of worldly things, one strives to seek the pleasure of God and the welfare of the After Life. He inclines more towards the pious deeds.

[B][U]ii) Help Of The Poor:[/U][/B]

The secondary objective of the poor-due is the help of the poor. it provides necessities to the poor Muslims. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) said:

[CENTER][B]“Verily, Allah has ordained the payment of Zakat on them (Muslim). It will be taken from the rich and returned to the poor.” (Muslim)

It is true that the primary objective of the poor-due is the purification of the soul but it is equally true that unless it serves the needs of the poor, its real purpose will remain unattained. This duty can be done when the poor-due reach their hands. That is the reason why the Quran has regarded the poor-due as a right of the poor on the affluent class of the society.

[B]iii) Support Of Islam:[/B]

Muslims have been repeatedly exhorted in the Quran to this effect:

[B]“And strive with your wealth and your live in the way of Allah.”[/B]

It is admitted on all the hands that the protection and support of religion is not an ordinary matter. As such expending of personal wealth for this purpose has great importance. While enjoining Holy War the Quran says:

[CENTER][B]“Spend your wealth in the cause of Allah and be not cast by your own hands to ruin.”
[/CENTER] (Al-Baqara: 195)[/B]

It signifies that non-supply of funds for the protection and support of religion is tantamount to inviting destruction both in this world and in the Hereafter. Something that offers protection from destruction, both in this world and the After Life, can never be regarded as a matter of little importance.

[B][U]Importance Of Zakat:[/U][/B]

Zakat is the backbone of economic system of Islam. The Holy Quran speaks Charity as next too prayer in the series of worships and says that prayers without charity are useless.

[CENTER][B]“Woe to the prayer ones, who are unmindful of their prayers, who make a show of prayers and withhold the acts of Charity.”[/B][/CENTER]

Zakat helps in amelioration of condition of the poor and to put in other words more clearly Zakat gives economic security to the Muslim community and prevents the accumulation of wealth in a few hands.

It is the duty of the rich to pay Zakat and right of the poor to receive Zakat. The rich shall maintain the poor and the needy so that they may not beg, steal or sleep hungry. The institution of Zakat aims at solution of the problem of destruction of wealth.

Hazrat Umar bin Abdul Aziz used to say [B]“prayer carries up half way to God, fasting brings us to the door of His palace and alms procure us admission.”[/B] This is the importance of Zakat.

aariz Thursday, July 21, 2011 04:53 AM

A1 work Roshan. Write more about the importance of Zakat in context of elimination of poverty and unemployment .

Roshan wadhwani Thursday, July 21, 2011 01:43 PM



• [B]Definition Of Fasting
• Significance Of Fasting
• Individual Benefits
i) Spiritual Benefits
ii) Physical Benefits
iii) Moral Benefits
• Collective Benefits
i) Social Benefits
ii) Economic Benefits
• Conclusion[/B]

[B][U]Definition Of Fasting:[/U][/B]

Saum (Fasting) is the fourth pillar of Islam. The word “Saum” means “to be at rest”. It implies abstention which includes refraining from eating, drinking and sexual intercourse for a certain period of time, generally from dawn to dusk.

[B]The Holy Quran says:[/B]

[CENTER][B]“O’ ye who believe!
Fasting is prescribed for you,
As it was prescribed for those who preceded you,
That you may be reverent:
For a certain number of days.
Then for anyone of you who is sick,
Or on journey
There is then the same number of other days.
And for those who find it hard to bear,
There is redemption by feeding the poor,
……the month of Ramzan is one,
In which, was sent down the Holy Quran,
A guidance for mankind.
…..then let him amongst you,
Who is present in this month fast therein.”
(Al-Baqara: 183-185)[/B][/CENTER]

Fasting is obligatory upon every Muslim adult (baligh) who is in possession of his sense (aaqil) and who is fit physically (Qadir).

The month of Ramzan has been fixed for fasting-this month being the month of revelation of the Holy Quran. The word ‘Ramzan’ has been derived from [B]“Ramz” meaning “to burn” (to burn selfish desires). [/B]There are also many other fastings in addition to fasting during Ramzan, but the Ramzan fasting is obligatory and is of the highest importance.

[B][U]Significance Of Fasting: [/U][/B]

The significance of fasting lies in the fact that it trains the minds of men and elevates their moral aptitude. It restrains the passions but abstinence and thus the fast achieve control over his physique and mind. It (Fast) restrains man from mean and selfish desires as well as worldly thoughts.

Fasting is primarily a spiritual discipline aiming at Divine nearness. The Fasters are spiritual wayfarers.

[CENTER][B]“Whoever fasts during Ramzan having faith in Me and seeking My pleasure.”[/B][/CENTER]

[CENTER][B]“Fasting is a shield, so the faster should not indulge in foul speech and surely the breath of a fasting man is pleasanter to Allah than the odour of musk.” (Holy Prophet).[/B][/CENTER]

Finally, fasting inculcates uniformity ,in this types of institution throughout the Muslim world. The poor and the rich become same in status in the Holy month of Ramzan, at least in the matter of meal.

[B][U]Individual Benefits Of Fasting:

i) Spiritual Benefits:[/U][/B]

Fasting has immense spiritual value, for it is basically a spiritual exercise and discipline. It brings man closer to God and removes all barriers between him and his Lord.

[CENTER][B]“O’ ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you—so that you may fear Allah( and bring your taqwa).” Al-Quran.
(Al-Baqara: 183)[/B][/CENTER]

The very purpose of fasting, in this verse of Quran, is described as the attainment of taqwa. Believers are commanded to observe fasting in the month of Ramzan so that through it they may be able to attain nearness to God. A fasting is observed for God. Only He knows whether a person is fasting or not, it brings man very close to his Creator.

Fasting reminds one throughout the day that he is abstaining from food, drink and other pleasures of life in obedience to the command of God. There in none to see and check whether he is eating or drinking or enjoying other pleasures of life. He abstains from all these things with the full knowledge that God is always with him and always sees and hears him doing everything, and that nothing can be hidden from Him. Thus fasting develops a very strong sense of nearness and closeness to God and of His presence everywhere.

[B][U]ii) Physical Benefits:[/U][/B]

Fasting also has a physical usefulness. During the course of fasting one improves health. “The capacity of digestive organs improves. The better is the growth of man.” When the digestive organs get rest during fasting, their power and strength for more work increases. During fasting one bears the pangs of hunger and thirst and thus hardens life for any difficult time. The power of resistance increases and one can face hardships smilingly.

[B][U]iii) Ethical/Moral Benefits.[/U][/B]

The ethical importance of fasting lies in this fact that one refrains not only from foul actions but also from foul words. Hadith refers;

[CENTER][B]“The fasting is shield which saves from indulging in foul words and foul deeds.”[/B][/CENTER]

In the Holy month of Ramzan, the Muslims generally remain pure and try to pastime in pious actions, pious thoughts and in pious association. Hadith refers when the month of Ramzan arrives,

[CENTER][B]“The doors of Heaven are opened and the doors of Hell are closed and the devils are put into chains.”

The doors of Heaven are opened for them because they rise above the physical desires and devote themselves to the service of Allah and of Humanity. The doors of Hell are closed for them because they shun all evils which may lead them to Hell. The devils are chained because they have conquered the lower passions which are an easy prey to the devils. The month of Ramadan is suited [B]“for spiritual advancement, for attaining nearness to God.”[/B]

[B][U]Collective Benefits:

I) Social Benefits:[/U][/B]

During the month of Ramadan, all Muslims rich and poor, gather in the mosques at the time of iftari and additional tarawih prayer at night. In fact, it is a time of great festivities in the mosques. They feel, experience and see brotherhood in practice in the mosques every day during this month.

Fasting has a great social impact when all Muslims, rich and poor, from every walk of life, fast together. They come together in large number for iftari and for tarawih prayers in the mosques and sit together. It helps to bring them closer to each other, thrilled and filled with sentiments of love and brotherhood.

At the end of Ramadan, there is the festival of Eid-al-Fitr, when the Muslims gather together to offer a two Rakat Eid Prayer as a token of gratitude and thanksgiving to their Lord for having successfully completed the month of fasting. Ramadan and the festival of Eid will not benefit Muslims unless they enable the poor members of the Muslims community to have enough money to celebrate the Eid. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) has laid great stress on the payment of Fitrana before the celebration of Eid. He even told his followers that the non-payment of this poor-due will render their fasting null and void.

In short, the month of Ramadan brings great economic benefits for the Muslim community especially for the poor. it brings the Blessings of God in the form of wealth and food in the homes of the poor people.

[B][U]Economic Benefits:[/U][/B]

Among other benefits, fasting has enormous economic benefits for the Muslims community. During the month of Ramadan, the rich people spend very generously on the poor people to win the pleasure of God. Their generosity and charity enable the poor section of the Muslim community to receive sufficient funds during this month to meet their needs for at least a part of the year.

Then people who, owing to sickness or old age, cannot fast, are asked to feed the poor in compensation. Many rich people, who are sick or too old to fast, lavishly feed the poor people during this month.

[CENTER][B]“For those who can do it but with hardship, is a ransom, the feeding of the one that is in need; But he that will give more, of his own free will, it is better of him.”
(Al-Baqara: 184)[/B][/CENTER]


The purpose of fasting is manifold. Allah mentioned in the Holy Quran, that the fasting is prescribed for the believers as it was prescribed for the people before them, so that they may acquire self-control and God-consciousness. Therefore, the purpose of the fasting is to develop God-consciousness, self-control, improvement of health by reducing or eliminating impurities from the body, and to become aware of the plight of the poor, hungry, and the sick. Ramadan is a month of spiritual consciousness and high sense of social responsibility. The fulfilment of one’s obligations during the month is rewarded by 70 times.

aariz Thursday, July 21, 2011 06:33 PM

@roshan. Discuss also about "takwa and perhaiz" concept in the topic of FASTING. Baki acha likha hai.

Roshan wadhwani Thursday, July 21, 2011 07:24 PM



• [B]Introduction/Philosophy Of Salaat
• Importance Of Salaat In The Light Of The Quran And Hadith
• Benefits Of Salaat
a) Individual Benefits
b) Collective Benefits
i) Social Organization And Social Discipline
ii) Mosque As Community Centre
iii) Mutual Cooperation And Help
iv) Equality And Brotherhood
v) Training In Jihad (Holy War)
vi) Respect For The Rights Of Others
vii) Tolerance
viii) Unity[/B]

[B][U]Introduction—Philosophy Of Prayer:[/U][/B]

[B][CENTER]“And keep up the prayer; it restrains from the indecency and evil.”
(Al-Ankabut: 45)[/CENTER][/B]

This word as used in the Holy Quran is formed from the word ‘Salat’ and ‘Tasliat’ and in the Arabic dictionary it means “To pray.” But in Islamic terminology it conveys the way of expressing worship by man to his real Creator and object of worship in the special manner taught by God to the people by His Apostles.

Prayer is the first and foremost duty of every Muslim and Quran Majeed repeatedly urges that every Muslim should perform this duty. Ti is obligatory for five time a day. Salat id the practical proof of our faith in Allah and Islam.

[B][U]Importance of Prayer In the Light Of Quran And Hadith.[/U][/B]

Prayer is vital in Islam. Quran has repeatedly emphasized this point.

[B][CENTER]“And keep up the prayer, give the stated alms and bow with those who bow.”
(Al-Baqara: 43)

“And keep up the prayer: It restrains from indecency and evil.”
(Al-Ankbut: 45)

“And keep up the prayer………….”
(An-Nur: 56)

“Keep up the prayer; give the stated alms: hold strongly to the cord of faith in Allah.”
(Al-Hajj: 78)

“And seek help (of God) with perseverance and prayer.”
(Al-Baqara: 45)

“O’ ye who believe! Strengthen yourselves with perseverance and prayer.”
(Al-Baqara: 153)

“He all of you attentive toward Allah (Him) and reverence Him; And keep up the prayer.”
(Ar-Rum: 31)


Unless a man performs his prayer regularly, he cannot be a true Muslim. According to Dr. Hakim Islam considers prayer to be the dividing line between belief and unbelief. Islamic prayer is purified of all low and irrational elements and prescribed as a great help in building up of character by remembering God. Prayer is remembrance of God by man. It is a communion between God and man—an interaction between the Divinity within and the Divinity overhead. Prayer is a means of spiritual illumination and its aim is to know God and seek His help in man’s attempt.

[B]The Holy Prophet says[/B]:

[B][CENTER]“He whom this prayer does not save from what is obscene and evil; will recede away from God.”[/CENTER][/B]

Holy Prophet (PBUH) regarded prayer as the noblest of all devotions. It has been rightly said ‘prayer is an index to ethical culture.’ The Holy Quran says:

[B][CENTER]“Successful indeed are the believers, who are humble in their prayers.”
(Al-Mu’minum: 1-2)[/CENTER][/B]

[B][U]Benefits Of Salat:

Personal Benefits:[/U][/B]

i) Prayers keep this observation fresh in the minds of individuals that a man is not sovereign but sub-ordinate to the creator of the universe.
ii) Prayer develops a sense of responsibility in man.
iii) Prayers are the means of distinguishing between those who have a sense of responsibility or who have not.
iv) It creates a complete system of though by which a virtuous character is developed.
v) Prayers develop a practical sense enabling a person to take decision on a course of action with firm belief.
vi) Prayers bring a man nearer to God. There is no better means of achieving bliss about which it has been said,

[B][CENTER]“Prayers are the zenith of believers.”[/CENTER][/B]

vii) Prayers are the means of purifying heart and developing the soul.

[B][U]Mutual/Collective Benefits:

[B][U]i) Social Organization And Social Discipline:[/U][/B]

Prayers not only help in building individual character but also in establishing a community structure and spirit. Daily Prayers keep the flame of this spirit going. This is why prayer in congregation is made obligatory. The gathering of believers in mosque five time is the basis of community organization of the Millat-i-Islamia. Prayer is discipline more strict than he army but without any coercion. It is a voluntary discipline imposed to win the pleasure of God.

[B][U]ii) Mosque As Community Centre:[/U][/B]

When Muslims meet together in mosque for prayer, they feel and share one another’s’ problems and sufferings. They get the opportunity to know their brethren more closely and acquaint them of their needs and problems. This fraternity promotes sincerity, brotherhood, honesty, willingness to hep and piety amongst them.

[B][U]iii) Mutual Cooperation And Help:[/U][/B]

This regular assembly for daily prayer also provides opportunities for cooperation. People of different social and economic status meet one another in the mosque and learn eachother’s problems. In Islamic tradition, they will learn and cater for the needs of those in difficulty and suffering.

[B][U]iv) Equity And Brotherhood:[/U][/B]

Prayers in the congregation are the training in brotherhood, equality and fraternity. During prayer, all Muslims stand in prayer their God as equals. There is no distinction between the rich and the poor, the white and the black, the Arab and the non-Arab, they all stand in rows to offer their prayer to God.

[B][U]v) Training in Jihad (Holy War):[/U][/B]

There seems to be a close relationship between prayer and jihad. Any army must possess discipline to achieve any marked battle success. For without discipline the army spirit will disintegrate. Islam offers prayer as a training for discipline even in Holy War.

[B][U]vi) Respect For The Rights Of Others:[/U][/B]

Prayer also teaches respect for other people and their rights. The believers go to the mosque regularly five times daily and meet all types of people who gather there for prayers. They stand together shoulder to shoulder like a solid cemented structure and present a striking example of discipline, cohesion and affection. This develops in them love and respect for other people and their rights.

[B][U]vii) Tolerance:[/U][/B]

True believers also become tolerant through the daily routine of prayer. They have to prepare for prayer, perform ablution and then join other believers in the mosque for prayer. It needs a lot of endurance to stick to this rigorous discipline everyday all the year round. It also enables an individual to endure and tolerate the hardship and sufferings he has to undergo in his life.

[B][U]viii) Unity:[/U][/B]

Prayer is the strength behind unity. The establishment of unity is the greatest social ideal of Islam. It unites men of different languages, ethnic groups, colours, and nationalities. When they hear the call of the Muezzin, they all gather together as brothers for prayer. It is, in fact, the most vital and effective way of uniting believers into one solid block.

Roshan wadhwani Thursday, July 21, 2011 08:51 PM

[B][U][CENTER][FONT="Georgia"][SIZE="6"]The Day Of Judgement[/SIZE][/FONT][/CENTER][/U][/B]


• [B]Meaning Of The Judgement Day
• Islamic Concept Of Life Hereafter
• Signs Of The Day Of Resurrection
• Importance Of This Faith[/B]

[B][U]Meaning Of The Judgement Day:[/U][/B]

The judgement day is the appointed time, when the whole mankind and Jinn will be raised after death, and judged by Allah according to His Law, which has been contained in His Holy Books. The fortunate persons among mankind and Jinn who succeed on that Day, will enter Allah’s paradise, while the unfortunate ones will be thrown into Hell.

[B][U]The Islamic Concept Of Hereafter:[/U][/B]

Belief in life hereafter is the third basic postulate of Islam. The world according to Islam, is a place of trial and man is being judged in it. he will have to give account of all that he does herein. Life on this earth will, one day, come to an end, and after death a new world will be resurrected. It will be in this life after death that man will be rewarded or punished for his deeds and misdeeds. Those who live in the present world a life of obedience to the Lord will enjoy eternal bliss in the hereafter while those who disobey His commands will have to garner the bitter fruits of their disobedience.

[B]The Holy Quran sys:[/B]

[B][CENTER]“Towards Him is the return of you all,
The promise of God is sure fact,
Surely he originates and make,
Then He causes it to return again,
In order that He may reward
Those who believe and do good with justice;
And as to those who choose disbelief,
There is for them a boiling water and a painful agony,
On account of what they disbelieved.”
(Younus: 4)[/CENTER][/B]

And again:

[B][CENTER]“And naught is the life of this world,
But a play thing and vanity,
And certainly the future home
Is better for those who practice reverence.
Do you not understand it then?”
(Al-An’am: 32)[/CENTER][/B]

The appearance of the ‘Last Day’ has been vouchsafed by God in the following verse.

[B][CENTER]“And those who are given knowledge and faith, will say, certainly tarried according to the ordinance of Allah till the Day of Judgement, so this is the day of Resurrection but you did not know.”
(Ar-Rum: 56)

[B][U]Signs OF The Day OF Judgement:[/U][/B]

The day of Judgement is known to God alone, and no one else is entitled to receive any hint about this secret. The following signs will precede the Day of Reckoning.

i) Disbelief among man.
ii) Spread of sensuality among men.
iii) Sedition and tumults
iv) Great distress in the world
v) Rising of sun in the west
vi) A monster will emerge from Mount Safa
vii) Coming of Dajjal, who will be slain by God through the hand of Jesus
viii) A smoke will fill the whole earth
ix) Three eclipse of Moon
x) Coming of Al-Mehdi.

As regards the future existence the Holy Quran speaks in following manner,

[B][CENTER]“And that which comes after (al-Akhirat) is certainly much better for thee than which has gone before.”
(Ad-Dhuha: 4)[/CENTER][/B]

[B][U]Importance Of The Faith:[/U][/B]

This faith is not without effect rather it has a great effect in moulding human character. It awakens in man the sense of a higher life, and thus makes his life more useful. The man who sincerely believes in future life shall try his best to lead his life honestly in this world, so that he may attain the higher life in the next world. The faith in future life implies that every action, however, secretly it be done, must have its fruit and therefore this belief serves both as a impetus to the good and noble deeds and restraint upon evils. This faith leads man to the right path and prevents him from evils. The faith in future existence awakens the sense of moral responsibility, while disbelief in it weakens this sense. Thus, the faith in future life is a great means of establishing peace and order in the world.

Secondly, this faith teaches us with that human life has an aim and this aim is to attain a higher life after death, which can be achieved only by good deeds and actions done in this world. Lastly, this faith serves as a great source of consolation to the disappointed and distressed who believe that they will be allowed to attain the higher life after death which is the aim of every human being.

As regards future the Holy Quran speaks in the following terms;

[B][CENTER]“Fear Allah and ye know ye have to go to Allah. If ye die ye will get eternal life (while to battle in the cause of religion and truth). Whatever ye give in charity ye will get full compensation and ye will not be tormented (in life hereafter)”[/CENTER][/B]

It means that the importance of this is expressed in the Holy Quran itself.

Roshan wadhwani Thursday, July 21, 2011 08:53 PM

I request all the members to kindly check my notes and guide me thru your precious comments and suggestions..Regards:))

Roshan wadhwani Thursday, July 21, 2011 10:17 PM

[B][U][CENTER][SIZE="6"][FONT="Georgia"]Belief In Risalat[/FONT][/SIZE][/CENTER][/U][/B]


• [B]Definition Of Nabi
• Proofs From the Quran And Hadith
• Conclusion[/B]

[B][U]Definition Of Nabi:[/U][/B]

The word Prophet or Nabi means [B]“An ambassador between Allah and the rational being from amongst creatures.”[/B] Thus the second part of the Kalima, signifies that God has not left man without guidance for the conduct of his life. He has revealed His commands through His prophets. Thus, in Islamic teachings Risalat means transmitting or reaching the commandment of Allah revealed to a chosen by Him to the Creature of God. These commandments and percept may be in the form of a verbal message or practice of a prophet and these are to be conveyed to people by an Apostle, this is called Risalat or Prophethood.

The belief in the finality of Prophethood bears as much importance as other convictions of faith, because without verbal acceptance and inner conviction of this faith no one enters the fold of Islam.

[U][B]Proofs From The Quran And Hadith:[/B][/U]

[B]The Holy Quran says:[/B]

[B][CENTER]“Mohammad is not the father of any man among you, but he is the Messenger of Allah, and the seal of the Prophets, and Allah is aware of all things.”
(Al-Ahzab: 40)[/CENTER][/B]

The second basic postulate of Islam is to believe in the Prophethood of Muhammad and to accept the religion presented by him, and to follow his commands.

[B]The Holy Quran says:[/B]

[B][CENTER]“O’ thou Prophet!
We have surely sent thee as a
witness and as bringer of
glad tidings and as a warner.
And as one who summons towards
God with His commands and
as a light-giving sun.
and give glad tidings to the
faithful that for them is great
grace from God.”
(Al-Ahzab: 45-47)[/CENTER][/B]

The Muslims must have faith not in Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) alone but also in all other prophets who appeared before Prophet Mohammad (PBUH). “Righteousness is this that one should have faith in Allah; and the Last Day and the angels, the books and the prophets.” (Al-Quran). All the prophets belong to one community and they were all raised for the same purpose and their teachings were essentially the same.

Mohammad is the last prophet and as such the final model for mankind. To believe in him means to accept his authority as representative of the Supreme Lord and follow his example in thought and behaviour. Belief in him involves the acceptance of Sharia, the Path, he conveyed and implement that in all walks of life. Thus the will of God is fulfilled on the earth.

[B]The Quran said:[/B]

[B][CENTER]“Every Messenger who was sent by Us was sent for the purpose that he should be obeyed under the sanction of Allah.”
(An-Nisa: 69)[/CENTER][/B]

And that for the last prophet it is explicitly stated that:

[B][CENTER]‘Nay, O, Mohammad! By your Lord, They are not believer until they accept you the final arbiter in all their disputes and submit your decision whole heartedly without headache.”
(An-Nisa: 65)[/CENTER][/B]

The test of acceptance in God and prophets lies in conducting all human affairs in accord with the Law revealed by Allah.

[B][CENTER]“And those who do not make their decisions in accordance with that revealed by God, they (in fact) are disbelievers.”
(Al-Ma’ida: 44)[/CENTER][/B]

It was announced by Prophet (PBUH) that:

[B][CENTER]“I am the last messenger, there will be no messenger after me.”[/CENTER][/B]

Therefore, after the advent of the last Prophet, the message of Islam has come to its perfection. There will be no prophet after as he was the seal of prophets.


Above stated facts prove that “Faith in the finality of prophet” has got fundamental value. Together with faith in the oneness of God, it is imperative also to have faith that Muhammad (PBUH) of all the prophets came in the last and God completed His Commands and messages through him, and also that his Prophethood was not for a particular people, but he was chosen as an Apostle for the entire world. The canons communicated through him are to last till Doomsday and these percept and practices were made to be followed as Quranic injunctions in all times. No deviation from this is ever permissible. Under these circumstances if any one claims himself to be a Prophet, he is a liar, imposter and Dajjjal. Anyone following him is an infidel.

Roshan wadhwani Thursday, July 21, 2011 10:21 PM

It seems dat members are not taking interest in my notes and donot bother to comment and give their useful seggestions...very discouraging, i take pains to convert my notes in soft copy only to get my notes checked by seniors and experienced members, but!!!!!!!!!!???????????.....:sad:

mariashamshad Thursday, July 21, 2011 11:11 PM

nodoubt great work.your hard work is clear from your piece of work.but Ariz mentioned the more important points also.

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