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Old Wednesday, July 26, 2023
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Post Indo-Pak Revised Syllabus & Past Papers from 2016 to 2023

I. Muslim Rule and Heritage in India (712-1857):

Political History Arrival, foundation and consolidation of Muslim rule in India, important rulers of the Slave Dynasty and the Mughals. The Spirit and legacy of Muslim civilization, Art, Architecture and literature, Public Administration under Muslim Rules(2023). Sultans, Kings, Economic, Social, Judicial, Civil and Military system during the Muslim rule, Industry, trade and commerce under the Muslim patronage, Financial Administration.

Q. No. 2. Write a detailed note on the public administration under Muslim rule in India. 2023

Q2. Elaborate upon the causes of Muslims success in India against the local Hindu rulers which greatly helped in the consolidation of Muslim rule in South Asia.2022

Q3. What was the Mongol threat to India and how far did the Sultans of Delhi succeed in repulsing them from the frontiers of India?2022

Q. No. 2. Discuss the sway of Sufism in 13th Century AD. 2021

Q. No. 7. Akbar failed to establish “Nationalism” in the subcontinent. Discuss. 2021

Q. No. 2. Discuss in detail the role of Persian language in influencing cultures in precolonial India. 2020

Q. No. 3. How did the institution of Sufi Shrines influence socio-cultural and economic structures in Mughal India? 2020

Q. No. 2. ‘Internal consolidation rather than territorial expansion was the keynote of Bulban’s policy’. Elucidate. 2019

Q. No. 3. ‘Akbar fully realized the absence of national spirit in the Mughal Empire and tried to build one, but history of his dynasty records that he failed in the task’. In this context discuss Akbar’s policy towards non-Muslims. 2019

Q. No. 4. ‘By his political reforms and policy of religious toleration Sher Shah laid the foundation of an enlightened government’. Discuss. 2019

Q. No. 2. Analyze and elucidate the institutional structure of the Sultanate of Delhi. 2018

Q. No. 3. “Akbar and not Babur was the real founder of the Mughal empire”. Comment. 2018

Q. No. 2. “Conquest of Sindh in 712 opened the corridor to both Islam and Trade”.Discuss.2017
Q. No. 3. Analyze Allauddin Khilji’s economic reforms and measure its impact on the state and society.2017

Q. No. 4. Discuss the sway of Sufism in 13th and 14th century AD. 2017

Q. No. 5. Examine the Religious Policy of Mughal Kings.2017

Q.2 : Conquest of Sindh produced everlasting results not only in Sindh but all over South Asia". Discuss. 2016

Q.3: Briefly explain the merits and de-metits of price control policy of Ala-ud-Din Khalili. 2016

Q.4: Later Mughals were responsible for the decline of Mughal Empire. Discuss in detail. 2016

1. Analyze the political, social and religious conditions of India at the advent of Arab invasion of Sindh. 2015

2. Elaborate on the consolidation of Delhi Sultanate under Sultan Shamsuddin Iltutmish. 2015

3. What was the Mongol threat to India? How far did the early Sultans of Delhi succeed in repulsing them from the frontiers of India? 2015

4. Critically analyse the economic and social policies of the Sultans of Delhi and its effect on the local population. 2015

5. Evaluate authority and kingship under the Sultans particularly the Theory of Kingship of Balban and its impact upon the Muslim rule in India. 2015

6. Analyse in detail art and literature under the Mughals.2015

7. Discuss in detail the interaction of Islam with Indian Society and its effect on the future communal relations between Muslims and non-Muslims in the Indian Sub-Continent.2015

II. British Rule in India: 1857-1947:

British Imperialism, origin and growth of the East India Company(2023), Causes and effects of downfall of the Mughal Empire in India, War of Independence in 1857:Causes and effects.

Q. No. 3. Critically examine the origin and growth of the East India Company as an imperialist power in India. 2023

Q. No. 4. Are You agree with the statement that “The Third Battle of Panipat was paved the way for the Colonial Rule in India”.2018

III. Constitutional and Political Reforms of the British Government (1858-1947) and growth of the Political Parties –Indian Congress

Q.4 Give an historical account of the growth of Hindu nationalism during 1858-1947. 2023
Q. No. 3. Estimate the Hindu Reformist and Political Movements of 19th and 20th Century AD and also their impact on Muslim Society and Politics. 2021

Q. No. 5. How reconciliation developed between the Indian National Congress and All India Muslim League during 1913-1916?2018

Q. No. 6. Estimate the Hindu Reformist and Political Movements of 19th and 20th century AD and also their impact on Muslim Society and Politics. 2017

IV. Muslim Struggle for Independence:

Role of Shah Wali Ullah, Syed Ahmad Shaheed and Sir Syed Ahmed Khan towards regeneration of the Muslim of South Asia, All India Muslim League, Partition of Bengal, Simla Deputation, Lucknow pact; Khilafat movement(2023). Nahru Report Quaid-i- Azam’s Fourteen Points. Pakistan

Q. No. 5. Evaluate the causes and effects of the Khilafat Movem
ent on the Muslim struggle for independence. 2023
Q. No. 4. Explain in detail the sufferings of the Muslims under the Congress ministries’ rule. How did the Muslims celebrate their resignation in 1939? 2021

Q. No. 5. Examine those provisions of Nehru Report which affected Muslims. What was Muslim response to these provisions?2021

V. Pakistan Movement:

Allama Iqal’s Allahabad Address 1930, and Round Table Conference. The Congress Rule in the provinces-1937-1939, Lahore Resolution 1940, various Missions and Plans for the partition of the South Asia. Founders of Pakistan: Quaid-i-Azam, Mohsin-ul-Mulk, Syed Amir Ali, Ali Brothes. Sir Agha Khan, Chaudhry Rahmat Ali, etc.

Q. No. 6. Discuss the outcomes of the three sessions of the Round Table Conference.2023

Q4. Analyze the Muslim politics in the Muslim majority provinces during 1940-1947 and its impact on South Asia.2022

Q5. Elaborate on the Charismatic leadership o Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, particularly his efforts in the political mobilization of the Muslims in India from 1936 to 1947.2022

Q. No. 4. In Sir Syed Ahmad Khan’s struggle for uplifting the conditions of the Muslims, we see a conflict between Indian and European traditions and knowledge systems. Explain. 2020

Q. No. 7. “ Lucknow Pact 1916 was forerunner to the creation of Pakistan.” Discuss. 2017

Q.5: Examine, Aligarh movement and the services rendered by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan to uplift the educational services for the awaking of Muslim of Sub-continent. 2016

Q.6: *Lahore Resolution 1940 was a turning point in the history of Sub-continent" Take a position and support your argument by historical facts, if any. 2016

VI. History of Pakistan (1947- Todate):

Pakistan’s early Challenges—Quaid-i-Azam as Governor-General, various attempts at constitution making.

Q.7: Objective resolution made constitutional process slow or it helped in making the 1st Constitution of Pakistan. Develop your own argument. 2016

VII. Military in Politics:
Ayub Khan, Yahya, Zia–ul–Haq and Pervaiz Musharaf regimes, Civil Military Relationship in Pakistan,

Q. No. 6. While considering the Pakistan’s current financial crisis, how would you compare the economic policies of General Ayub Khan with Z.A. Bhutto? 2020
Q.8: Political Parties:are responsible for the imposition of Marshal Laws in Pakistan Comment. 2016

VIII. Separation of East Pakistan: Causes and Effects,

Q. No. 7. Critically evaluate the role of political parties in the separation of East Pakistan in 1971. 2023
Q7. Critically analyze the fall of Dhaka, particularly the cause which led to the dismemberment of Pakistan in December 1971.2022
Q. No. 6. “East Pakistan was the Test of Pakistani Leadership”. Discuss. 2021

Q. No. 7. Explain the propaganda strategies of Pakistani and Indian states and the separatist Bengali leadership during the crisis of East Pakistan. 2020

IX. Working of Democracy in Pakistan:

Liaquat Ali Khan to Firoz Khan Noon (1947-1958), Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto’s Period,(1971-1977),Benazir, Nawaz Sharif ,Revival of Democracy: 1988-1999, Restoration of Democracy (2008 to date), Role of Major Political Parties and Pressure Groups in the history of Pakistan.

Q6. Evaluate the Centre-Province relations in Pakistan during 1947-1956 and its impact upon the Pakistan State and Society.2022
Q. No. 5. How did colonial legacies influence Pakistan’s political and social structures in the 1950s and 1960s? 2020

Q. No. 8. Compare the political strategies used by Pakistan Muslim League-N, Pakistan People’s Party Parliamentarian and Pakistan Tahreek-e-Insaaf since 2008, to establish their governments.2020

Q. No. 5. How and why the concept of Basic Democracies was evolved in Pakistan and with what results?2019

Q. No. 6. Elaborate legal frame work order of 1970 and its far reaching impact on the politics of Pakistan. 2019

Q. No. 7. In what sense the Elections of 1970 are unique in nature and important in the electoral history of Pakistan. 2018

Q. No. 8. Highlight the factors that create obstacles in the smooth functioning of the Parliament in contemporary history of the country. 2018

X. Foreign Policy of Pakistan (1947-1999)

Q8. Critically analyze Pakistan’s relation with Afghanistan in the wake of the Pashtoonistan issue during the Cold War Era.2022
Q. No. 8. Examine Indo-Pak relations in the wake of Kashmir Issue. Give your recommendations to resolve this issue. 2021
Q. No. 8. Discuss the pros and cons of Pakistan’s Foreign Policy.2017


Q. No. 8. Write short notes on any TWO of the following.
(10 each)
a) Kargil War b) 1984 Referendum c) Allahabad Address 1930


Q. No. 7. Write notes on the following: (10 each) i. Movement for the Restoration of Democracy (MRD) ii. Hussain Shaheed Suharwardy and his Ministry (1956-57) (20)

Q. No. 8. Give brief but composed answers of the following. (5 each) a. What do you know about Democratic Action Committee? b. What was Operation Fair play? c. Describe the main reforms of Prime Minister Moeen Qureshi. d. Incident of Ojhri Camp.

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