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Old Tuesday, November 13, 2007
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Post Objective: History of Indo-Pak

CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE OF SULTANATE PERIOD



712 Arab conquest of Sindh.
961 Alaptigin appointed Governor of Khurasan.
977-97 Sabuktgin, King of Ghazni.
986-87 Sabuktgin attacked Jaipal.
991 Jaipal organized confederacy of rules against Sabuktgin.
998-1030 Mahmud Ghazni.
1000 Mahmud’s first expedition.
1001 Mahmud’s second expedition against Jaipal.
1006 Mahmud’s fourth invasion against Daud, ruler of Multan.
1008 Mahmud’s sixth expedition against Anandpal.
1009 Mahmud’s expedition against Nagarkot.
1010 Mahmud defeated Daud of Multan again.
1014 Mahmud led an expedition against Thaneswar.
1015-1021 Unsuccessful effort to conqueror to Kashmir.
1018-19 Expedition of Mahmud against Qanauj.
1021 Unsuccessful effort to conqueror Kashmir.
1021-22 Mahmud laid siege to Gwalior.
1021-22 Trinochanpal defeated and killed.
1025-26 Mahmud’s expedition against Somnath.
1030-40 Reign of Masud, son of Mahmud.
1037 Conquest of Hansi by Masud.
1059 Ibrahim ascended the throne of Ghazni.
1117 Death of Arslan, the last ruler of Ghazni.
1155 Ala-ud-Din Hussain of Ghour attacked Ghazni and destroyed it.
1168 Death of Ala-ud-Din Hussain.
1175 Invasion against Multan by Muhammad Ghouri.
1179 Muhammad attacked and captured Peshawar.
1181 Muhammad Ghouri forced Khusrau Malik of Lahore to make peace with him.
1182 Muhammad Ghouri invaded Lowe Sindh.
1185-86 Muhammad attacked Punjab again.
1186 Lahore captured by Muhammad Ghouri.
1191 First battle of Tarain and defeat of Muhammad Ghouri by Pirthvi Raj Chauhan.
1192 Second battle of Tarain and defeat of Pirthvi Raj.
1194 Conquest of Qanauj and defeat of Jai Chand.
1195-96 Muhammad Ghouri defeated Bhatti Rajputs.
1197 Conquest of Bihar by Bakhtiar Khilji.
1197-98 Qutb-ud-Din Aibak conquered Badayun.
1202-03 Kalinjar, Mahoba and Khajuraho occupied by Qutb-ud-Din Aibak.
1204-05 Conquest of Bengal by Bakhtiar Khilji.
1205 Failure of Bakhtiar to conqueror Tibet.
1206 Death of Muhammad Ghouri.
1206-90 The Slave Dynasty.
1206-10 Qutb-ud-Din Aibak, ruler of Delhi.
1210-11 Aram Shah.
1211-36 Iltumish, Sultan of Delhi.
1216 Defeat of Yildoz by Iltumish.
1217 Iltumish declared war against Qabacha.
1221 The Mongols appeared on banks of the Indus.
1223 Expedition of Iltumish against Bengal.
1226 Conquest of Ranthamhor by Iltumish.
1231 Gwalior besieged by Iltumish.
1231-02 Qutb Minar of Delhi completed.
1234-05 Expedition of Iltumish against Malwa.
1235 Expedition of Iltumish against Banain.
1236-40 Reign of Sultana Razia.
1240-02 Bahram Shah.
1241 Mongols attacked India.
1242-06 Reign of Ala-ud-Din Masud Shah.
1245 Mongols invaded India again.
1246-66 Reign of Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud.
1266-86 Reign of Ghiyas-ud-Din Balban.
1279 Mongol invasion of India.
1285 Mongol invasion and death of Prince Mahmud, son of Balban.
1287 Death of Balban.
1286 Kai-Khusrau.
1287-90 Kaiqubad.
1290-1320 The Khilji Dynasty
1290-06 Jalal-ud-Din Khilji.
1292 Mongol invasion under Abdullah, grandson of Halaku Khan.
1292 Ala-ud-Din invaded Malwa and captured Bhilsa.
1294 Ala-ud-Din defeated Ram Chandra, ruler of Devagiri.
1295-1316 Reign of Ala-ud-Din Khilji.
1296 First Mongol invasion of India.
1297 Second Mongol invasion of India.
1299 Third Mongol invasion of India.
1299 Conquest of Gujrat.
1301 Conquest of Ranthamhbor.
1303 Fourth Mongol invasion India.
1303 Conquest of Mewar.
1305 Conquest of Malwa.
1306 Mongol invasion of India.
1307 Conquest of Devagiri by Malik Kafur.
1307-08 Last Mongol invasion of India.
1308 Conquest of ruler of Sevana in Rajputana.
1310 Conquest of Telinganga by Malik Kafur.
1310 Conquest of Dwarsamudra.
1311 Conquest of Pandya Kingdom.
1316 Death Ala-ud-Din on 2nd January.
1316-20 Reign of Qutb-ud-Din Mubarak Shah.
1320 Nasir-ud-Din Khusrau Shah.
1320-1412 The Taghluq Dynasty.
1320-25 Ghiyas-ud-Din Taghluq.
1325-51 Reign of Muhammad bin Taghluq.
1327 Transfer of Capital to Daulatabad from Dehli.
1328-09 Invasion of India by Tarmashirin Khan, Chaghtai Chief of Transoxiana.
1329-30 Token Currency Experiment.
1336 Harihar founded the Kingdom of Vijayanagar.
1337 Conquest of fort of Nagarkot in Kangra District of Punjab.
1347 Foundation of Bahmani kingdom.
1351 Death of Muhammad Taghluq on 20th March.
1351-88 Reign of Firuz Taghluq.
1353-54 Invasion of Bengal by Firuz Taghluq.
1359-60 Another invasion of Bengal by Firuz Taghluq.
1361-62 Firuz marched towards Thatta, Capital of Jams of Sindh.
1388 Death of Firuz Taghluq on 20th September.
1388-89 Reign of Ghiyas-ud-Din Taghluq Shah II.
1389-90 Reign of Abu Bakr Shah.
1394 Ala-ud-Din Sikandar Shah.
1390-04 Reign of Nasir-ud-Din Muhammad.
1394-1413 Nasir-ud-Muhammad Taghluq.
1398-99 Timur’s invasion of India.
1413-04 Daulat khan Lodi.
1414-51 The Sayyid Dynasty.
1414-21 Khizr Khan
1421-34 Mubarak Shah.
1434-44 Muhammad Shah.
1444-51 Alam Shah.
1451-1526 The Lodi Dynasty.
1451-89 Bahlol Lodi.
1489-1517 Sikandar Shah.
1504 City of Agra founded by Sikandar Shah.
1508 Conquest of Marwar.
1517 Death of Sikandar Shah on 21st November.
1517-26 Ibrahim Lodi.
1526 First battle of Panipat. Ibrahim was defeated and killed. Babur founded Mughal dynasty.
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Old Friday, November 16, 2007
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Post Objective questions (Sultanate period)

OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS
(Sultanate Period)


Q. Qutb-ud-Din Aibak cannot be called the sovereign ruler of the sultanate because he:
A. Did not assume the title of Sultan and issued no coins nor the Khutba was read in his name.

Q. The part of Delhi where Qutb-ud-Din Aibak laid the foundation of the first so-called “Seven Cities” of medieval Delhi, was:
A. Mehrauli

Q. Which of the following was not a chronicler of the history of the sultanate?A. Abbas Khan Sharwani.

Q. Why is the description of the dynasty founded by Qutb-ud-Din Aibak as “Slave Dynasty”.
A. Because technically only Qutb-ud-Din Aibak started his career as a slave.

Q. The Sultans of the so-called Slave Dynasty are also sometimes known as “ilbari Turks” because they belonged to the tribe ILBARI in Turkestan. Which of the following rulers did not belong to Ilbari tribe?

a. Qutb-ud-Din Aibak
b. Iltumish
c. Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud
d. Ghiyas-ud-Din Balban

A. Qutb-ud-Din Aibak.


Q. The first sovereign ruler of the Sultanate of Delhi was:
A. Iltumish


Q. The first Sultan of Delhi to issue regular currency and declared Delhi as the capital of his empire was:

A. Iltumish.

Q. The Chalisa or the Group of Forty was the nick name of the:
A. Forty leading slave officers of Iltumish.

Q. From the death of Iltumish till the accession of Balban the actual power was wielded by:

a. The army
b. The nobility
c. The theologians

A. The nobility


Q. The Sultan who called himself Naib-e-Khuda or Deputy of the God, was:A. Balban

Q. The Diwan-e-Arz or the department of military affairs was created by:A. Balban


Q. The greatest contribution of the Balban was/were:
a. He propounded the theory of Kingship.
b. He restored peace in the Doab.

A. Both (a) and (b) above.


Q. Which of the following was the low caste (parwari) Hindu convert who usurped the throne from the Khilijis before the establishment of the succeeding Taghluq dynasty?

a. Malik Kafur.
b. Khusru Khan
c. Amir Khusrau
d. Qutb-ud-Din Mubarak.

A. Khusrau Khan


Q. Which of the following came to the throne immediately after the death of Nasiruddin Mahmud, the last ruler of Taghluq dynasty.
Ans. Daulat Khan Lodi.



Q. During whose reign did Timur (Tamerlane), a Central Asian Turk, invade India and sack Delhi:
Ans. Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud Taghluq.


Q. The dynasty founded by Khizr Khan, Timur’s nominee, is known as the Syed dynasty, because:
Ans. Khizr Khan was a descendant of the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H.).

Q. The rulers of the Lodi Dynasty were:Ans. Pure Afghans.

Q. The reign of which of the following Sultans is said to mark the highest point of territorial expansion of the Sultanate.

a. Ala-ud-Din Khilji.
b. Muhammad bin Taghluq.
c. Firuz Taghluq.
d. Sikandar Lodi.

Ans. Muhammad bin Taghluq.

Q. Spot the most controversial of the following:

a. Ghiyas-ud-Din Balban.
b. Ala-ud-Din Khilji.
c. Muhammad bin Taghluq.
d. Firuz Taghluq.

Ans. Muhammad bin Taghluq.

Q. Who founded the fortress city of Taghluqabad near Delhi?
Ans. Giyas-ud-Taghluq.

Q. The “Chalisa” or the Group of Forty was liquidated by:
Ans. Balban.

Q. To streamline the working of the Military Department Ala-ud-Din Khilji introduced:

a. Preparation of the regular muster of the armed forces.
b. Introduction of the system of branding (dagh) of horses.
c. Payment of cash salaries to soldiers.

Ans. All of the above.

Q. Which of the following was not one of the long-term benefits of the transfer of capital by Muhammad bin Taghluq to Daulatabad.
Ans. It resulted in a new process of cultural interaction between North and South India.

Q. Ala-ud-Din Khilji captured the throne after securing fabulous wealth form:
Ans. Devagiri.

Q. The token currency introduce by Muhammad bin Taghluq was the tanka of inferior metal in place of the prevalent silver tanka. Which of the following metal did he use for issuing the token currency?

Ans. Bronze.

Q. The original name of Ala-ud-Din Khilji
Ans. Ali Gurshap.

Q. Ala-ud-Din theory of kingship was based on the concept that:

a. ‘Kingship knows no kinship’
b. As a ruler he was a law unto himself.
c. The good of the state and the benefit of the people is the highest ideal.

Ans. All of the above.

Q. Who selected the site for the city of Agra as his capital?
Ans. Sikandar Lodi.

Q. In a formal sense, which of the following correctly describes the nature of the state during Sultanate period in India.
Ans. Autocracy.

Q. The Sultan who styled himself the Second Alexander was:
Ans. Ala-ud-Din Khilji.

Q. Which of the following was the first ruler of the Delhi Sultanate to put forward the view that kingship should be based on the willing support of he governed?
Ans. Jalal-ud-Din Khilji.

Q. The first Sultan who requested and obtained letters of investiture from the Caliph was:
Ans. Iltumish.

Q. The Sultan who refused to recognize the authority of the Caliph was:
Ans. Qutb-ud-Din Mubarak.

Q. To prevent the frequent occurrence of rebellion Ala-ud-Din Khilji ordered:
a. Appropriation off all pensions and endowments to the state.
b. Establishment of an efficient intelligence system.
c. Total prohibition on the sale of intoxicants.

Ans. All of the above.

Q. The main motive of Ala-ud-Din Khilji in introducing market control measures or economics regulations was:
Ans. General welfare of the people.

Q. The decisive factor in the succession to the throne was:
Ans. Law of primogeniture.

Q. The nobility of the Sultanate was largely composed of:
Ans. Turks.

Q. A group of officers to be collectively known as umarahs were:
Ans. Nobles.

Q. Which of the following was the most well known powerful and the earliest nobility created during the Sultanate period?
Ans. Turkan-e-Chahalgani.

Q. Who were the bands?
Ans. The news reporter and the secret spies.

Q. The Diwan-e-Wizarat had under it other minor departments, each under a district officer of its own. Which of the following heads of departments did not help the wazir in the management of state finances?
Ans. Dewan-e-Riyasat or department incharge, public grievances, weights and measures, markets etc.

Q. The main factors that went into the making of the administrative policy and organization of the Sultanate was/were:

a. The model of the government of Caliph and the Persian government.
b. The practices and conventions of the race to which the Sultans belonged.
c. The machinery of the government already existing in the country.

Ans. All of the above.

Q. A Persian Historian of the Sultanate period who accompanied Ala-ud-Din Khilji on his expedition to Chittor was:
Ans. Amir Khusrau.

Q. The story that Ala-ud-Din Khilji invaded Chittor to secure Padmini, the Queen of Rana Ratna Sing of Mewar was vividly described by:
Ans. Malik Muhammad Jayasi in his epic Padmavat.

Q. The fiscal policy of the Sultanate was modeled on the theory of finance of the Hanfi School of Muslim jurists. From whom did the Sultans borrow this system?
Ans. The Gaznavids.

Q. The provincial governors during the Sultanate period were designated as:

a. Wali.
b. Muqti or Muqtai
c. Naib

Ans. All of the above.

Q. The administrative officer whose functions and duties are not matched properly is:
Ans. Naib-ul-Mulk, Deputy Prime Minister.

Q. The maximum number of Mongol invasions took place during the reign of:Ans. Ala-ud-Din Khilji.

Q. The first Sultan to adopt the principle of measurement of cultivable land for determining land revenue was:
Ans. Ala-ud-Din Khilji.

Q. Ala-ud-Din Khilji’s market control system died instantaneously with his death because:
Ans. It was based on the principle of demand and supply and the whole system was kept alive by the use of brute force.

Q. Several types of IQTAS were granted during the Sultanate period. Which of the following was the most important Iqta?
Ans. The administrative Iqta in the form of military grant.

Q. Which of the following was the most important contribution of Balban in the evolution of Iqta system?
Ans. The principle of hereditary Iqta was completely rejected by him.

Q. Which of the following fundamental changes in the Iqta system was introduced by Sultan Ghiyas-ud-Din Taghluq?
Ans. A drew a line between allotment of the revenues within in an iqta for the personal income of the muqta and that for the payment of salaries to the troops placed under his charge.

Q. To curb hoarding and black marketing Ala-ud-Din Khilji ordered that:

a. Land revenue should be collected in kind.
b. Cultivator should sell the harvested crops on the field only.
c. Merchants should sell all commodities in the open.

Ans. All of the above.

Q. The Sultan who is said to have raised the land revenue to one half of the produce was:
Ans. Ala-ud-Din Khilji.

Q. Why did Ala-ud-Din Khilji enjoin collection of land revenue in kind in lieu of cash?
Ans. It ensured the availability of food grains in the towns and helped him in his economic regulation or market control.

Q. What was the overall objective of the changes and reforms introduced by Ala-ud-Din in agrarian system?
Ans. On political and military consideration.

Q. At the time of Ala-ud-Din Khilji’s accession, the revenue department was notorious for corruption and bribery. Which of the following measures were taken by him to eradicate corruption from the revenue department.
Ans. The barids (secret spies) were instructed to report every case of corrupt practices of revenue official.

Q. Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi ascended the throne of Ghazni in ……Ans. 998 A.D.

Q. Mahmud Ghaznavi invaded the sub continent for:
Ans. 17 times.

Q. Mahmud Ghaznavi launched his 1st invasion of Indo-Pakistan in …….
Ans. 1000 A.D.

Q. Mahmud’s third expedition was directed against the ruler of Bhira:
Ans. Baji Rao.

Q. Mahmud’s fourth expedition was directed against Abdul Fateh Daud who was the ruler of:
Ans. Multan.

Q. After conquering Multan, Sultan Mahmud appointed …….as the Governor of Multan.
Ans. Sukhpal.

Q. Mahmud Ghaznavi attacked Gwalior in ……
Ans. 1021 A.D.

Q. The first battle of Tarain was fought between Muhammad Ghouri and……in…..
Ans. Pirthvi Raj, 1191 A.D.

Q. The second battle of Tarain took place in……
Ans. 1192 A.D.

Q. Sultan Qutb-ud-Din Aibak founded the…….dynasty in indo-Pakistan.
Ans. Slave.

Q. Sultan Qutb-ud-Din Aibak died in……when he fell from the horse while playing polo.
Ans. 1210 A.D.

Q. Chengiz Khan led an attack of Mongols on Indo-Pakistan in…….
Ans. 1221 A.D.

Q. Balban suppressed the revolt of……in Bengal and appointed……..as governor.
Ans. Tughni Khan, Bughre Khan.

Q. In 1290 A.D……..ascended the throne of Delhi.
Ans. Jalal-ud-Din Khilji.

Q. Malik Kafur was the favorite minister of……..
Ans. Jalal-ud-Din Khilji.

Q. Muhammad Taghluq shifted his capital to Daulatabad from…….
Ans. Delhi.

Q. Ibne Batuta was a famous traveler from Africa. He was born at……in……Ans. Tangier, 1304 A.D.

Q. Ibne Batuta visited Indo-Pakistan in……
Ans. 1333 A.D.

Q. Muhammad Taghluq was succeeded by:
Ans. Firuz Shah Taghluq.

Q. In which the year Taimur the leader of Chagtai Turks, invaded Indo-Pakistan……
Ans. 1398 A.D.

Q. Which of the following was the greatest contribution of Ala-ud-Din Khilji in the field of agrarian administration.
Ans. He was first to introduce the system of measurement of land for the assessment of revenue.

Q. Which of the following agrarian measures was not taken by Ghiyas-ud-Din Taghluq?
Ans. He made a large reduction in the scale of revenue fixed by Ala-ud-Din and brought it down to one-sixth of the gross produce.

Q. Muhammad bin Taghluq created the Diwan-e-Kohi or department of agriculture primarily to:
Ans. Introduce state promoted irrigation.

Q. Ghiyas-ud-Din Taghluq attempted to improve agricultural production by:
a. Discarding the system of measurement of land for the assessment of land revenue.
b. Encouraging the cultivators to bring the unclaimed lands under the plough.
c. Giving up the oppressive methods for the collection of land revenue.

Ans. All of the above.

Q. The state promoted canal irrigation system was initiated by:
Ans. Muhammad bin Taghluq.

Q. The conquest of South India was completed during the reign of:
Ans. Ghiyas-ud-Din Taghluq.

Q. The credit for completing the conquest of South India goes to:
Ans. Muhammad Jauna Khan.

Q. Which of the following was not one of the revenue and agrarian measures of Firuz Taghluq?
Ans. He retained only four kind of taxes sanctioned by the Quran (Kharaj, Zakat, Jeziah and Khums).

Q. The sultan who first formulated the Famine Code to provide relief to famine-affected people was:
Ans. Muhammad bin Taghluq.

Q. The most learned medieval Muslim ruler who was well versed in various branches of learning including astronomy, mathematic and medicine was:
Ans. Muhammad bin Taghluq.

Q. Muhammad bin Taghluq’s experiment of introducing token currency failed on account of:
Ans. Large scale minting of spurious coins.

Q. What was Babur’s mother tongue?
Ans. Turkish.
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Last edited by Sureshlasi; Friday, November 16, 2007 at 12:33 PM.
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  #3  
Old Friday, November 16, 2007
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Post Questions from previous papes (sultanate period)

QUESTIONS FROM PREVIOUS PAPERS
(SULTANATE PERIOD)



Q. Who is Hoysals?
Ans. A kingdom of south during Ala-ud-Din Khilji’s period.

Q. What is Raja Tarangini?
Ans. It is a book on history of Kashmir written by Pandit Kachan.

Q. What is Kashak-e-Siri?
Ans. This was the name of palace of Ala-ud-Din.

Q. What is iqta?
Ans. A piece of land granted by the ruler to some his subjects for their services.

Q. Who was Malik Kafur?
Ans. He was General of Ala-ud-Din Khilji.

Q. Who was Kaiqubad?
Ans. He was a son of Bughra Khan.

Q. Who constructed Alai Darwaza?
Ans. Ala-ud-Din Khilji constructed it near Qutb Minar.

Q. What is Chachnama?
Ans. This is a book of history of Arab conquest written by Hamid Kafi.

Q. What was alar?
Ans. It was capital of Raja Jai Chand.

Q. Where is located Mathura and why it was famous?
Ans. It is the birth place of Lord Krishna. It is located between Delhi and Agra.

Q. What is Tabakat-e-Nasiri?

Ans. It is a book of history written by Minhaj-us-Siraj.

Q. Who was Tughril?
Ans. During Balban period he was governor of Bengal and he revolted against Balban.

Q. Who was Hazrat Baha-ud-Din Zakiriya?
Ans. He was a great saint of Suhrwardi branch of mysticism and flourished in Multan.

Q. Who Sadi Muta?
Ans. He was a saint of Jalal-ud-Din Khilji’s period and executed on charges of political treason.

Q. What was Deogiri?
Ans. It was the capital of Raja Ram Chander Dev in Deccan. Later on it was conquered by Ala-ud-Din Khilji and named Daulatabad by Muhammad Taghluq.

Q. Who was Jauna Khan?
Ans. Jauna was the original name of Muhammad bin Taghluq.

Q. Who wrote “Tarikh-e-Mubarak Shahi”?
Ans. It is a book of history on Syed dynasty written by Yahya Sirhindi.

Q. Where is Uch and why it is famous?
Ans. It is place near Bahwalpor district; it is famous because of Makhdoom Jahanian.

Q. Who wrote “Fatuhat-e-Firuz Shahi”?
Ans. It was written by Firuz Shah Taghluq.

Q. Who was Shiqdar?
Ans. This was a revenue officer who managed a revenue division called Shiq.

Q. Who wrote “Fatwa-e-Jahandari”?
Ans. This was written by Zia-ud-Din Barhi.

Q. Who was the Shams Siraj Atif?
Ans. The author of “Tarikh-e-Firuz-Shah”.

Q. What is “Fawaid-ul-Faud”?
Ans. This is a book written by Amir Hasan Ala Sijzi about the talks of Hazrat Nizam-ud-Din Aulia.

Q. What is Amiri Trab?
Ans. This is entertainment tax leased before the period of Firuz Shah Taghluq.

Q. Who was Shaikh Jamali?
Ans. He was the author of “Siyar-ul-Arifin” and he was also the tutor of Sikandar Lodi.

Q. What was the famous Forty?
Ans. This term refers to the forty slaves of Iltumish who played important role in contemporary politics.

Q. Why Panipat is famous?
Ans. This is a famous town near Delhi. Three important battles were fought on this ground.
1. First between Babur against Ibrahim Lodi in 1520 A.D.
2. Second was between Bairam against Hemu in 1556 A.D.
3. The third was between Ahmad Shah Abdali versus Marhata leaders in 1761 A.D.

Q. Who Khawaja Moeen-ud-Din Ajmeri?
Ans. He was a great saint of Chishti sect of Islamic Mysticism.

Q. Who was Firdausi?

Ans. He wrote Shahnama and was also a court poet of Mahmud of Ghazni.

Q. Who was Baghat Kabir?
Ans. He was founder of Bakhti movement and flourished in 15th century.

Q. What is Masjid Jamat Khana?
Ans. This is the name of a Mosque located in the Khangah of Hazrat Nizam-ud-Din Aulia at Delhi.

Q. What is Jainism?
Ans. This is a religious movement started by Mahavirs.

Q. Who was Khusrau Khan?
Ans. Khusrau Khan was low born Hindu who became the governor of Deccan.

Q. Who wrote “Tarikh-e-Firuz Shahi”?
Ans. This was written by Zia-ud-Din Bami.

Q. Who was Qutb-ud-Din Aibak?
Ans. He was a great commander of Muhammad Ghouri who laid the foundation of Slave Dynasty.

Q. Who was Ghari Malik?
Ans. This was the original name of Ghiyas-ud-Din Taghluq.

Q. What is Daulatabad?
Ans. Deogiri was given the name of Daulatabad by Muhammad Taghluq.

Q. Who was Malik Ayaz?
Ans. Ayaz was favorite slave of King Mahmud of Ghazni.

Q. What was Kandesh?
Ans. This was the name of a small kingdom during Sultanate period.

Q. Who was Sabuktgin?
Ans. He was ruler of Ghazni. He ruled Ghazni from 977 to 997 A.D.

Q. Who was Bakhtiyar Khilji?
Ans. He was a celebrated slave of Mahmud Gaznavi. He conquered Bengal.

Q. Where is located Tarain, why it is famous?
Ans. Tarain is located 14 miles away from Thanesar. It is now called Tarqwari and is famous for the battle of Tarain.

Q. Who was Ibn-e-Batota?
Ans. He was a famous African Traveler who stayed in the court of Muhammad bin Taghluq for several years. He traveled over the quarter part of the world from China to India.

Q. What is Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque?
Ans. This is the name of a Mosque built by Qutb-ud-Din Aibak near Qutb Minar at Delhi.
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Post

SOME MORE OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS (Sultanate Period)



1. Islam was introduced in India by:
Ans. The Arabs.

2. Pirthvi Raj was overthrown and killed in 1192 A.D. at Thanesar by:
Ans .Muhammad Ghouri.

3. Qutb Minar of Delhi was designed as a tower of victory being the hall mark of the empire of:
Ans. The Turks.

4. Ibn-e-Batota was at the court of:
Ans. Muhammad bin Taghluq.

5. The famous garden Ram Bagh at Agra was laid out by:
Ans. Sikandar Lodi.

6. The Lodi Dynasty was founded by:
Ans. Bahlol

7. “Fawaid-ul-Faud” was compiled by:
Ans. Amir Hasan Ala Sujzi.

8. The Syed Dynasty was founded by:
Ans. Khizar Khan.

9. The Buland Darwaza is situated at:
Ans. Fatehpur Sikri.

10. Arhi Din ka Jhaunpra was:
Ans. A Mosque.

11. “Futuh-ul-Buldan” was written by:
Ans. Allama Al-Buladhuri.

12. Hazrat Nizam-ud-Din Auliya was a Sufi of:
Ans. Chishtia Order.

13. Sultan Nasir-ud-Din Khusrau Khan had his origin in the dynasty of:
a. The Slaves.
b. The khiljis.
c. The Taghluqs.

Ans. None of the above.

14. Bagh-e-Dilkusha was:
Ans. A Garden.

15. Battle of Chausa was fought in:
Ans. 1539 A.D.

16. Ray Tarangini was:
Ans. A Book.

17. One of the earliest coming Saints to Indian was:
Ans. Qutb-ud-Din Bakhtiar Kaki.

18. Ahmadnagar State was ruled by:

Ans. Nizam Shahi.

19. Sindh and Multan were conquered by Muhammad Bin Qasim under the reign of the Islamic Caliph:
Ans. Walid bin Abdul Malik.

20. Hazrat Ali Hajveri (Popularly known as Hazrat Data Ganj Bux) belonged to:
Ans. Soharwardi order.


21. “Fatwa-e-Jahandari” was written by:
Ans. Zia-ud-Din Barani.


22. Ala-ud-Din Khilji conquered Deogiri in:
Ans. 1306 A.D.

23. In a battle near Peshawar Jaipal was defeated by Mahmud of Ghazni in:
Ans. 1001 A.D.

24. Pirthvi Raj the ruler of Delhi and Ajmer was defeated by:
Ans. Shahab-ud-Din Muhammad Ghouri.

25. “Afzal-ul-Fawaid” was compiled by:
Ans. Amir Khusrau.

26. At the time of Muslim invasion in 712 A.D. Babul was protected by:

Ans. Pirates of Daible.

27. Alaptigin founded the Ghaznavi dynasty in:

Ans. 962 A.D.

28. The first expedition of Mahmud Ghaznavi was undertaken against:
Ans. Towns of the Khyber Pass.

29. Jai Chand was defeated in 1194 A.D by:
Ans. Muhammad Ghouri.

30. On his accession to the throne Iltumish had to fight against:
Ans. Taj-ud-Din Yalduz.

31. The “Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque” was built by:
Ans. Iltumish.

32. Who contributed largely in the spread of Islam in Bengal?
Ans. Shahab-ud-Din Suharwardi.

33. “Tabaqat-e-Nasiri” was written by:
Ans. Minhaj-us-Siraj.

34. The “Alai Darwaza” is situated at:
Ans. Delhi.

35. Baba Farid Ganj Shakar was a saint of:
Ans. Chishtia order.

36. “Muntakhib-ul-Tawarikh” was written by:
Ans. Mullah Abdul Qadir Bidyuni.
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Post Chronological Table of Mughal Rule

CRONOLOGICAL TABLE OF MUGHAL RULE



BABUR (1483-1530)

1483 Babur was born at Andijan on 24th February.
1496 Babur led expedition to Samarkand for the first time.
1498 Babur captured Farghana.
1501 Babur recaptured Samarkand.
1504 Babur captured Kabul.
1510 Babur defeated Shaibani Khan.
1512 Ubaidullah defeated Babur.
(1505-24) Babur’s five attacks on Indo-Pakistan.
1526 First battle of Panipat on April 21.
1527 Battle of Kanwah.
1528 Battle of Chanderi.
1529 Battle of Chagra.
1530 Death of Babur.

HAMAYUN (1530-1556)

1508 Hamayun was born.
1530 Succeeded to throne.
1531 Expedition of Kalinjar.
1532 Battle of Dowrah and siege of Chunar.
1533 War against Afghans.
1535 War with Bahadur Shah.
(1537-40) Wars with Sher Khan.
1539 Battle of Chausa 28th June.
1540 Battle of Kanauj 17th May.
(1540-55) Humayun’s period of exile.
1556 Death of Hamayun.

SHER SHAH SURI AND HIS SUCCESSORS (1540-1556)

1472 Sher Shah Suri was born at Bajwara.
1522 Sher Khan joined services as Bihar ruler.
1527 Sher Khan joined services of Babur.
1528 Sher Khan left the Mughal court.
1534 Sher Khan defeated Jalal Khan and Mahmud Shah.
(1537-40) Wars with Hamayun.
1539 Sher Khan defeated Hamayun at Chausa.
1540 Sher Khan defeated Hamayun at Kanauj.
1542 Conquest of Malwa.
1543 Conquest of Raisin.
1543 Conquest of Jodhpur.
1545 Conquest of Kalinjar.
1545 Death of Sher Shah on May 22.
(1545-53) Islam Shah ruled the throne of Delhi.
(1553-57) Muhammad Adil.

AKBAR THE GREAT (1556-1605)

1542 Akbar was born at Amarkot.
1556 Crowned on 14th February.
1556 Second battle of Panipat.
1558 End of Sur Dynasty.
(1556-60) Regency of Bairam Khan.
(1560-62) The Petticoat Government.
1561 Conquest of Malwa.
1564 Conquest of Gondwana.
1568 Conquest of Chittor.
1569 Conquest of Ranthambhor.
1570 Conquest of Jodhpur, Bikaner and Jaisalmer.
1573 Conquest of Gujrat.
1576 Conquest of Bengal.
1581 Din-e-Elahi.
1585 Conquest of Kabul.
1586 Conquest of Kashmir.
1591 Conquest of Sindh and Balochistan.
1595 Conquest of Qandhar.
1600 Conquest of Ahmadnagar and Asirgarh.
1602 Abul Fazl murdered by Bir Singh Bundela.
1605 Akbar died of diarrhoea.

JAHANGIR (1605-27)

1569 Jahangir was born to Joda Bai.
1586 Jahangir married to daughter of Bhagwan Das.
1601 Jahangir revolted against Akbar.
1605 Jahangir ascended the Mughal throne.
1606 Revolt of Prince Khusrau.
1615 Conquest of Mewar.
(1610-26) War with Ahmadnagar.
1620 Conquest of Kistwar.
1622 Secession of Qandhar.
1623 Rebellion of Shah Jahan.
1626 Revolt of Mahabat Khan.
1627 Jahangir died near Rajore.

SHAH JAHAN (1628-58)

1592 Shah Jahan born to Balmati Jodha Bai at Lahore.
1607 Shah Jahan granted Mansab of 8000 zat and 500 sawar.
1610 Shah Jahan capture fort of Kangra.
1628 Shah Jahan ascended the throne.
(1630-32) Famine of Gujrat, Khandesh and Deccan.
1632 War with Portuguese.
(1636-44) Aurangzeb’s first Viceroyalty of Deccan.
(1653-58) Aurangzeb’s second Viceroyalty of Deccan.
1653 Loss of Qandhar.
1658 War of succession between four sons of Shah Jahan vis Aurangzeb, Dara, Shuja and Murad.
1658 Aurangzeb was crowned emperor of India.
(1658-66) Detention of Shah Jahan in Agra.
1666 Death of Shah Jahan.

AURANGZEB ALAMGIR (1658-1707)

(1636-44) Aurangzeb’s first viceroyalty of Deccan.
(1653-58) Aurangzeb’s second viceroyalty of Deccan.
1658 War of succession.
1659 Aurangzeb’s accession to Mughal throne.
1672 Revolt of Santnamis.
1672 Afridis rose in revolt.
1679 Annexation of Mewar.
1681 Submission of Mewar.
1686 Conquest of Bijapur.
1687 Conquest of Golkondo.
1707 Death of Aurangzeb.

SUCCESSORS OF AURANGZEB

(1707-12) Bahadur Shah.
(1712-13) Jahandar Shah.
(1713-19) Farrukh Siyar.
(Feb-June 1719) Rafi-ud-Darajat.
(June-Sept. 1719) Rafi-ud-Daulah.
(1719-48) Muhammad Shah.
(1739) Nadir Shah’s invasion of India.
(1748-54) Ahmad Shah.
(1754-59) Alamgir II.
(1759-1806) Shah Alam II.
(1762) Third Battle of Panipat.
(1806-37) Akbar II.
(1837-57) Bahadur Shah II.
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Post Questions and Answers form Mughal Rule.

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
(Mughal Rule)


Q. Who was Durgavati?
Ans. She was the ruler of Gondwana and was defeated by Akbar in 1564.

Q. Who was Maham Anga?
Ans. She was the foster mother of Akbar the Great.

Q. Who was Himu?
Ans. A Hindu commander of Adil Shah Suri.

Q. Who was Gulbaden Begum?
Ans. She was the author of “Hamayun Nama” and sister of Mughal King Hamayun.

Q. What was infallibility Decree?
Ans. It was a document signed by Akbar in 1597, which authorized him to act as the supreme arbiter in civil and religious affairs.

Q. What is “Ain-e-Akbari”?
Ans. It is the renowned work of Abul Fazal about the government of Akbar the Great.

Q. What is Sadr-us-Sadr?
Ans. It is an officer of Mughal Administration. He served as a liaison officer between the emperor and the people.

Q. What was the “Fatwa-e-Jahangiri”?
Ans. This is Zia-ud-Din Barni’s book on statecraft.

Q. Who was Shams Siraj Afif?
Ans. He was the author of “Tarikh-e-Firuz Shahi”.

Q. Who was Mirza Haider Dughtat?
Ans. He was a cousin of Babur and author of “Tarikh-e-Rashidi”.

Q. Who was Nadir-ul-Asr Mansur?
Ans. This was a title that Emperor Jahamgir conferred upon his court painter Mansur.

Q. Who was Muhammad Masum Nami?
Ans. He was the governor of Qandhar. He wrote “Tarikh-e-Sindh”.

Q. What is Madrassa Rahimia?
Ans. This Madrassa was established by Shah Abdur Rahim at Delhi.

Q. Why Nagar Kot is famous?
Ans. It is a sacred Hindu town located in Kangra district.

Q. What was Din-e-Elahi?
Ans. This was a new religion invented by Akbar to create tolerance and love among the people of India.

Q. Who was Bairam Khan?
Ans. He was a tutor of Hamayun and Akbar. He was chiefly instrumental in the victory of Mughals over Hamu in 1556.

Q. Who was Noor Jahan?
Ans. She was beloved Queen of Jahangir. She was an accomplished lady and assisted her husband in the affairs of state.

Q. Who was Abul al Fazl?
Ans. He was a son of Sheikh Mubarak. He was one of the Nau Ratans of Akbar the Great. He wrote “Akbar-Nama”.

Q. What is Fatwa-e-Alamgiri?
Ans. This is a famous work of Islamic Jurisprudence compiled by a board of Ulema, during the reign of Aurangzeb.

Q. Who was Sheikh Saleem Chishti?
Ans. He was a Muslim Saint of Fatehpur Sikri, who was contemporary of Akbar the Great.

Q. Who was Francis Bernier?
Ans. He was a European traveler, who visited India during Shah Jahan’s period.

Q. Who wrote “Muntakhbat Tawarikh”?
Ans. Abdul Qadir Badayuni.

Q. Who is Khan-e-Saman?
Ans. He was incharge of emperor’s department of manufactures and good for military and democratic purposes.

Q. Who was Baqi Billah Bairang?
Ans. He was a renowned Saint of Naqshbandia order and was the spiritual guide of Hazrat Mujaddad Alfsani.

Q. Who wrote “Kitab-ul-Hind”?
Ans. It was written by Al-Baruni. This is an authentic source about Indian culture and social l
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Post Some more questions and answers (Mughal Period)

SOME MORE QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS


(Mughal Period)


Q. The follies that Hamayun had committed during the conduct of two military campaigns, on account of which he lost his empire to Sher Shah Suri, were against:
Ans. Gujrat and Bengal.

Q. Battle of Chausa was fought in:
Ans. 1539 A.D.

Q. After recapturing Delhi and his second coronation in Delhi, Hamayun could only rule for:
Ans. Six months.

Q. At the time of his coronation at Kalanaur the age of Akbar was:
Ans. Thirteen and a half.

Q. Akbar’s marriage with the princess of Amber was unique because:
Ans. This was a voluntary alliance different from the forced marriages of Muslim rulers with the Rajput princesses.

Q. Within two years of his marriage with the Amber Princess (1562) the liberal measures taken by Akbar were:

a. Prohibition on the enslavement of prisoners of war and their forcible conversion to Islam (1562).
b. Withdrawal of pilgrim taxes throughout the Mughal Empire (1564).
c. Total withdrawal of Jeziah from the Hindus (1564)

Ans. All of the above.

Q. Akbar wanted to establish friendship with the Rajputs because:

a. Friendship with the Rajputs was politically immensely fruitful.
b. With the Mughal links with Central Asia having been completely snapped, Akbar had to made friendly alliances in India.
c. He wanted to make peaceful Rajputana a stepping-stone for his Gujrat and Deccan conquests.

Ans. All of the above.

Q. The main elements of Akbar’s Rajput policy were:

a. Establishment of matrimonial alliances with the Rajputs.
b. Grant of full autonomy and protection to the Rajput states.
c. Appointment of Rajput chiefs as Mansabdars and governors.

Ans. All of the above.

Q. Mewar refused to accept the friendship of the Mughals because:

a. Mewar had hostility with the Mughals since the days of Rana Sanga.
b. There were hostile relations between Mewar and Amber, which had entered into matrimonial alliance with the Mughals.
c. Mewar considered it dishonorable to accept friendship of the Mughals.

Ans. All of the above.

Q. The Mughal troops captured Chittor in 1568 after defeating:
Ans. Rana Uday Singh.

Q. According to Abul Fazl the decisive battle between Rana Partab was foght at:
Ans. Haldighat.

Q. The most valuable acquisition of Akbar in the Northwest frontier was:
Ans. Qandhar.

Q. Akbar was hostile to the Portuguese because:

a. They were cruel and aggressive pirates.
b. They interfered with Hajj pilgrimages.
c. They had formed political alliances with the rulers of the Deccan states.

Ans. All of the above.

Q. After the conquest of Asirgarh in 1601, Akbar renamed Khandesh as:
Ans. Danadesh.

Q. The Jesuit missionary who held personal discussions with Akbar and has written interesting account of him was:
Ans. Antony Monserrate.

Q. A contemporary Mughal historian who prepared a list of charges against Akbar and called him the enemy of Islam, was:
Ans. Badayuni.

Q. The well know work “Tabaqat-e-Akbari” was written by:
Ans. Khawaja Nizam-ud-Din Ahmad

Q. Which of the following was considered the head of the nobility in Mughal administration?
Ans. Mir Bakshi.

Q. Which of the following officers were guardian of Islamic Law and spokesman of the Ulema?
Ans. Sadr-us-Sudur.

Q. Which of the following officers was the Auditor General?
Ans. Mustaufi.

Q. Which of the following officer in charge of petitions presented to the emperor?
Ans. Mir Arz.

Q. Which of the following was the Superintendent of the Imperial Workshop?
Ans. Nazir-e-Bayutat.

Q. Which of the following has given the correct description of the subdivisions of the Mughal Empire in the proper descending order?
Ans. Subah, sarkar, pagana.

Q. Who divided the Mughal Empire into provinces for the first time?
Ans. Akbar.

Q. Manuehi was a European traveler who came to the court of:
Ans. Jahangir.

Q. The European travelers who visited Indian during the reign of Jahangir and left valuable account of his reign was/were:

a. William Finch
b. William Hawkins.
c. Francisco Palsaert.

Ans. All of the above.

Q. The Marathas came to be admitted to the nobility during the reign of:
Ans. Jahangir.

Q. A Mansab was allotted to:
Ans. All officers of the state.

Q. The range of the Mansabs as organized by Akbar was:
Ans. 10 to 10,000.

Q. Who after raising a successful rebellion, made Jahangir captive in his own camp?
Ans. Mahabat Khan.

Q. Each grade in Mansabdari system had two aspects to it: (i). Zat (personal) and (ii). Sawar (cavalryman). Which of the following statements correctly describes their significance?
Ans. Zat fixed the personal status of a person and his salary, while Sawar rank indicated the number of cavalryman he was required to maintain.

Q. A Mughal Queen whose name was written to all the Mughal Farmans and inscribed on the coins, was:
Ans. Noor Jahan.

Q. The clique of four persons who ruled the Mughal Empire from 1611 to 1621 comprised:
Ans. Noor Jahan, Asaf Khan, Itmad-du-daulah and Asaf Khan.

Q. Which of the following was incharge of law and order in the villages?
Ans. Muqaddam.

Q. The Mughal Emperor who allowed a chain with bells to be hung outside his place to enable petitioners to bring their grievances to the notice of the emperor was:
Ans. Jahangir.

Q. Under the Zabti system the most fertile land was classified as:
Ans. Polaj.

Q. What portion of actual produce was fixed as the demand of the state under the Zabti system?
Ans. One-third.

Q. Akbar founded the city of Fatehpur Sikri to commemorate:
Ans. Victory of Gujrat.

Q. The Buland Darwaza or the gateway to the Jamia Masjid in Fatehpur Sikri was built by Akbar to commemorate his victory of:
Ans. Gujrat.

Q. Which of the following building was not constructed by Akbar at Fatehpur Sikri?

a. Jodha Bai’s palace.
b. Moti Masjid.
c. Turkish Sultana’s palace.
d. Panch Mahal.

Ans. Moti Masjid.

Q. Prince Dara Shikoh was one of the greatest scholars that Mughal India produced. Which of the following was not one of the Sanskrit works to be translated into Persian under the patronage of Dara Shikoh?
Ans. Bhagavata Purana.

Q. Why did Khafi Khan’s “Muntakhab-ul-Lubab” have to be written in secrecy during Aurangzeb’s period?
Ans. Aurangzeb was opposed to the writing of histories of his reign.

Q. Which of the following is not a historical work of Aurangzeb’s period?
Ans. Amal-e-Saleh by Muhammad Salih Kazim.

Q. Monserrate and Aquaviva were sent to Akbar’s court by the:
Ans. Portuguese.

Q. Which of the following foreigners present in India during Jahangir’s time was the chief of the Dutch factory of Agra?
Ans. Francisco Pelsaert.

Q. Mughal Garden was constructed by:
Ans. Shah Jahan.

Q. Petticot Government was headed by:
Ans. Maham Angha.

Q. Sir Thomas Roe was sent as the British Ambassador to the court of:
Ans. Jahangir.

Q. The third battle of Panipat was fought in:
Ans. 1760 A.D.

Q. One of the foreign travelers who was an eye witness to the public disgrace in Delhi of Dara Shikoh after his defeat by Aurangzeb in the was of succession was:
Ans. Munucci.

Q. Under the Mughals, capital of the lower Sindh was:
Ans. Thatta.

Q. A foreign that visited India during Aurangzeb’s time and described the letters regulation issued to promote general morality was:
Ans. Niccolao Munucci.

Q. Murshid Kauli Khan was a genius revenue officer of:
Ans. Aurangzeb Alamgir.

Q. Kashmir was included into the Mughal Empire of Delhi in:
Ans. October 1586 A.D.

Q. Dara Shikoh finally lost the war of succession of Aurangzeb in the battle of:
Ans. Samugarh.

Q. Hajjat-ul-Baligha was written by:
Ans. Shah Waliullah.

Q. Jahangir was imprisoned by:
Ans. Muhabbat Khan.

Q. Hamayun left for Persia to get support of Shah in:
Ans. 1543 A.D.
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Post Questions and Answers (Freedom Movement)

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS


(Freedom Movement)


Q. In which year War of Independence was fought:
Ans. 1857.

Q. Where Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental school was established:
Ans. Aligarh.

Q. Who established Indian National Congress?
Ans. A.Hume.

Q. When Congress was established?Ans. 1885.

Q. When Sir Syed was born?
Ans. 1817.

Q. When Sir Syed died?
Ans. 1898.

Q. When was Bengal partitioned?
Ans. 1905.

Q. When the partition of Bengal was annulled?
Ans. 1911.

Q. When did Quaid-e-Azam join Muslim League?
Ans. 1913.

Q. When did the First World War started?
Ans. 1911.

Q. When did the First World War came to an end?
Ans. 1918.

Q. When did the Muslim League came into existence?
Ans. 30 September 1906.

Q. Who was the first President of Muslim League?
Ans. Sir Agha Khan.

Q. When did Simla deputation call on Viceroy Lord Minto?
Ans. 1906.

Q. When Minto-Morley Reforms were enforced?
Ans. 1909.

Q. When was Lucknow Pact agreed?
Ans. 1916.

Q. When Jallianwala Bagh incident occurred?
Ans. 13 April 1919.

Q. When did Khilafat Movement start?
Ans. 1918.

Q. Who was secretary of Khilafat deputation?
Ans. Hasan Muhammad Hayat.

Q. Who was the editor of “Comrade”?
Ans. Maulana Muhammad Ali Jauhar.

Q. Who was the editor of “Hamdard”?
Ans. Muhammad Ali Jauhar.

Q. Who was the editor of “Al-Hilal”?
Ans. Maulana Azad.

Q. Name the newspaper of Maulana Zafar Ali Khan?
Ans. Zamindar.

Q. When treaty of Severs was signed?
Ans. 20 August 1920.

Q. Who was Khalifa of Turkey?
Ans. Sultan Abdul Majid.

Q. Non-cooperation Movement was started during the days of?

Ans. Khilafat Movement.

Q. Who was Prime Minister of England during the period of Khilafat Movement?
Ans. Llyde George.

Q. Who issued Fatwa in favour of Khilafat Movement?
Ans. Maulana Azad and Maulana Abdul Bari.

Q. Who announced the end of Khilafat Movement?

Ans. Gandhi.

Q. When Princess of Wales visited India?
Ans. November 1921.

Q. When did Tragedy of Chora Churi happen?
Ans. 4 February 1922.

Q. How many Policemen were burned to death in the Tragedy of Chora Churi?
Ans. 21.

Q. When did Montague visit India?
Ans. 10 November 1917.

Q. When did Montague-Chelmsford Reforms were introduced in India?
Ans. 1919.

Q. How many members were in the council of state in the Montague-Chelmsford Reforms?
Ans. 60.

Q. When Diarchy was introduced in Indian Act?
Ans. 1919.

Q. When Diarchy was introduced in the 8 provinces of India?
Ans. February 1921.

Q. When Diarchy was introduced in NWFP?
Ans. 1932.

Q. How long Diarchy remained in force in India?
Ans. 1921-1937.

Q. Rowlett Act was enforced on:
Ans. 18 March 1919.

Q. When was the formation of Simon Commission announced?
Ans. 8 November 1927.

Q. When Quaid-e-Azam said, “This is Parting of Ways”?
Ans. All Parties Conference in Calcutta.

Q. When Quaid-e-Azam presented his 14 points?
Ans. On Muslim League Delhi session 1929.

Q. When did Allama Iqbal Delivered his famous Address in “Allahabad”?
Ans. 30 December 1930.

Q. When Labour Party came in power in England?
Ans. May 1929.

Q. When First Round Table Conference was called in London?

Ans. 12 November 1930.

Q. How many total delegates were in the First Round Table Conference?
Ans. 89.

Q. Who presided over the First Round Table Conference?
Ans. George 5th.

Q. When did Second Round Table Conference was called?
Ans. 7 September 1931.

Q. When Third Round Table Conference started?
Ans. 17 November 1932.

Q. When Pona Pact was signed?
Ans. 25 September 1932.

Q. Who were the signatories of Pona Pact?
Ans. Ambidkar and Gandhi.

Q. How many seats were in 1937 Elections of Provincial Assemblies?
Ans. 1535.

Q. What was the total number of representative?
Ans. 1771.

Q. How many seats were capture by Congress?
Ans. 706.

Q. How many seats were in Provinces for Muslims?
Ans. 491.

Q. How many seats were captured by Muslim League?
Ans. 211.

Q. When congress ministries came to an end?

Ans. 14 November 1939.

Q. When day of deliverance was solemnized?
Ans. 22 December 1939.

Q. When Pakistan Resolution was passed?
Ans. 23 March 1940.

Q. When Cripps Mission came into India?
Ans. 23 March 1942.

Q. Quit India Movement was started in?
Ans. 1942.
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Post More Questions and Answers (Freedom Movement)

MORE QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS


(Freedom Movement)


Q. When Nadir Shah invaded on India?
Ans. 1739.

Q. When the Battle of Plasy was fought?
Ans. 1758.

Q. Sultan Tepu was defeated by the British in the year:
Ans. 1799.

Q. “Hujjat-al-Baligha” was written by:
Ans. Shah Wali Ullah.

Q. Who started Faraizi Movement?
Ans. Haji Shariat Ullah.

Q. Who wrote Asrar-Sanadeed?
Ans. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan.

Q. When Sir Syed Ahmad Khan was designated as a member of Imperial Council?
Ans. 1877.

Q. When Sir Syed was designated as member of Viceroy’s Legislative Council?
Ans. 1878.

Q. Who wrote “Khutbat Ahmedia”?
Ans. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan.

Q. Who wrote “Taiban-ul-Qalam”?
Ans. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan.

Q. Who started “Tehzib-ul-Akhlaq”?
Ans. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan.

Q. M.A.O College was established in the year:
Ans. 1875.
Q. When Mohammedan Educational Conference was formed?
1866.

Q. When British Indian Association was formed?
Ans. May, 1866.

Q. When Indian National Congress was formed?
Ans. 1885.

Q. Who formed Indian Patriotic Association?
Ans. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan in 1888.

Q. Who was the founder of Mohammedan Defense Association?
Ans. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan.

Q. Who was the founder of Indian National Congress?
Ans. Allen Octivian Hume.

Q. Who was the founder of Brahmoo Samaj?
Ans. Raja Ram Mohan Ray.

Q. Who was the founder of Parathna Samaj?
Ans. Dr. Atama Ray Pand Ring.

Q. Who was the founder of Deo-Samaj?
Ans. Sita Mand Agnihotri.

Q. Who was the founder of Ram Krishan Messia?
Ans. Ram Krishan Persat.

Q. Who was the founder of Arya Samaj?
Ans. Dianand Sarswati.

Q. When Anjuman Himayat Islam was established?
Ans. 24 September 1884.

Q. Who were the founders of Anjuman Himayat Islam?
Ans. Khalifa Hamid-ud-Din, Dr. Din Muhammad Nazir, Munshi Chiragh Abdul Rahim.

Q. Who was the first President of Anjuman Himayat Islam?
Ans. Khalifa Hamid-ud-Din.

Q. When Islamia College Railway Road was established?
Ans. 1907.

Q. When Islamia College for Girls Copper Road was established?
Ans. 1939.

Q. When Hindi-Urdu Controversy started?
Ans. 1867.

Q. When Indian Council Act was enforced?
Ans. 1861 and 1892.

Q. When Bengal was partitioned?
Ans. 1905.

Q. Who was the head of Simla Deputation?
Ans. Sir Agha Khan.

Q. Majlis Khadam-e-Kaba was established in?
Ans. 1913.

Q. What was ‘Muslim Outlook’?
Ans. This was the name of a Journal that was started by Khilafat Deputation in London.

Q. When Treaty of Severs was signed?
Ans. 10 August 1920.

Q. Was Moplas against British?
Ans. Yes, they supported Khilafat Movement.

Q. Who was General Dyre?
Ans. General Dyre ordered to shoot in Jalianwala Bagh.

Q. Who founded Cow Protection Society?
Ans. Bal Ganga Dhar Tilak.

Q. Who wrote Bande Mathram?
Ans. Bamkin Chander Chiterji.

Q. Who founded Mahasabah?
Ans. Madan Mohan Maluir.

Q. Who was the chief protagonist in Shudi?
Ans. Swami Sharad Nand.

Q. Who was Bankin Chaterji?
Ans. He was the writer of “Anand Nath” a novel.

Q. Who is writer of ‘Toward Pakistan’?
Ans. Waheed-uz-Zaman.

Q. Who is the writer of “Emergence of Pakistan”?
Ans. Chaudry Muhammad Ali.

Q. Who wrote the “Struggle for Pakistan”?
Ans. I.H.Qureshi.

Q. Why Pirpur Report was prepared?

Ans. To investigate the tyrannies of Congress on Muslims.

Q. Why Shraf Report was prepared?
Ans. To investigate the cruelties on Congress in Bihar.

Q. Who wrote “India Wins Freedom”?
Ans. Abul Kalam Azad.

Q. When Muslims solemnized day of deliverance?
Ans. 22 December 1939.

Q. Who wrote “Verdict on India”?
Ans. B. Nicholson.

Q. Who published “Tehzib”?
Ans. Abdul Haleem Sharar.

Q. Who is the author of “Foundation of Pakistan”?
Ans. Sharif-ud-Din Pirzada.

Q. Who wrote “Evolution of Pakistan”?
Ans. Sharif-ud-Din Pirzada.

Q. Who were Khari brothers?
Ans. They were Professor Abdul Satter Khari and Dr. Abdul Jabbar Khari.

Q. Who wrote “The Making of Pakistan”?
Ans. K.K.Aziz.

Q. Who wrote “Now or Never”?
Ans. Chaudry Rehmat Ali.

Q. Who wrote “A Federation of Cultural Zone for India”?
Ans. Dr. Abdul Latif.

Q. Who wrote “A Path Way to Pakistan”?
Ans. Chaudry Khaliq-uz-Zaman.

Q. Who wrote “Pakistan Naguzir Tha”?
Ans. Syed Hasan Riaz.

Q. Who was Master Tara Singh?
Ans. He was the leader of Sikhs.

Q. When “Quit India Movement” was started?
Ans. 1942.

Q. Who wrote “Father and Daughter”?
Ans. Begum Shah Nawaz.

Q. When Simla Conference was held?
Ans. 25 June 1945.

Q. Who wrote “Transfer of Power in India”?
Ans. V.P.Menon.

Q. Who were Members of Cabinet Mission?
Ans. i. Straford Cripps ii. A.V.Alexander iii. Sir Pathic Lawrence.

Q. When Quaid-e-Azam called for Direct Nation Day?
Ans. 16 August 1946.

Q. Who was the last Viceroy of Britain?
Ans. Lord Mountbattan.

Q. Who were the members of Punjab Boundary Commission?
Ans. i. Justice Muhammad Munir ii. Justice Shah Din iii. Justice Tega Singh iv. Justice Mehar Chand Mahajan.

Q. Who proposed the resolution in the meeting and by whom meeting was presided over?
Ans. the meeting was presided over by Quaid-e-Azam and Maulvi Fazl-ul-Haq proposed the Resolution.

Q. Who confirmed the Resolution as a representative of Punjab?
Ans. Zafar Ali Khan.

Q. Who supported the Resolution as a representative of Sindh?
Ans. Sir Abdullah Haroon.

Q. Who confirmed the Resolution as a representative of Balochistan?
Ans. Qazi Muhammad Essa.

Q. Who supported the Resolution as a representative of NWFP?
Ans. Aurangzeb.

Q. In which election Muslim League won all the seats reserved for the Muslims?
Ans. December 1945.

Q. When an interim Government was established in the Sub-Continent?
Ans. September 1946.

Q. The plan of division of sub-continent was declared on:
Ans. June 3, 1947.
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Post Questions and Answers (Pakistan since Independence)

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS


(Pakistan Since Independence)


Q. What was the name of that committee which was formed by Constituent Assembly?
Ans. The Committee of Basic Principles.

Q. Soon after Independence Pakistan went against India over Kashmir?
Ans. 19th October 1947.

Q. When Quaid-e-Azam died?
Ans. 11 September 1948.

Q. When Kashmir cease-fire was agreed under U.N.O?
Ans. 26 July 1949.

Q. When Liaquat Ali Khan was murdered?
Ans. 16 October 1951.

Q. When Army took over in bloodless coup d’etat?
Ans. 7 October 1958.

Q. Who and when first Pakistan Constituent Assembly was dissolved?
Ans. Malik Ghulam Muhammad dissolved the Constituent Assembly on 21 December 1954.

Q. How the Islamic Identity of Pakistan had been declared in the 1956 Constitution?
Ans. Pakistan had been declared as Islamic Republic of Pakistan.

Q. When Ayub Khan announced “Basic Democracy”?
Ans. 26 October 1959.

Q. When Presided Ayub Khan signed 1962 Constitution?
Ans. 1st March 1962.

Q. When Martial Law of Presided Ayyub Khan was lifted?
Ans. 8 June 1962.

Q. When war broke out between India and Pakistan?
Ans. 6 September 1965.

Q. When cease-fire was announced?
Ans. 23rd September 1965.

Q. When Tashkent Agreement was signed?
Ans. 10 January 1966.

Q. When government announced Agartala Conspiracy case against Sheikh Mujib-ur-Rehman and thirty-four others?
Ans. 6 January 1968.

Q. When assassination attempt was made on President Ayyub?
Ans. 7 November 1968.

Q. When President Ayyub resigned?
Ans. 25 March 1969.

Q. When Yahya Khan took over?
Ans. 25 March 1969.

Q. When political restrictions were lifted by Yahya khan?
Ans. 1st January 1970.

Q. When Legal Framework Order was issued?
Ans. 28 March 1970.

Q. On what date elections were held?
Ans. 7 December 1970.

Q. When provincial assembly results were held?
Ans. 17 December 1970.

Q. When Bhutto threatened to withdraw from constitution making?
Ans. 17 February 1971.

Q. When Yahya khan dismissed civilian cabinet?
Ans. 21 February 1971.

Q. When Pakistan was dismembered?
Ans. 16 December 1971.

Q. What name has been given to the Upper House in 1973 Constitution?
Ans. Senate.

Q. What name has been given to the Lower House in 1973 Constitution?Ans. National Assembly.

Q. Who is Chief Executive by the National Assembly in accordance with the Constitution of 1973?
Ans. Prime Minister.

Q. When Objectives Resolutions was passed by the Constituent Assembly?
Ans. 12 March 1949.

Q. When first Martial Law was declared in Pakistan?
Ans. 7 October 1958.

Q. In which Constitution East Pakistan had been given the representation in accordance with the proportion of its population?
Ans. 1956 Constitution.

Q. When 1956 Constitution was abrogated?
Ans. 1958.

Q. When did General Zia Imposed Martial Law?
Ans. 5 July 1977.

Q. Who suspended the Constitution of 1973?
Ans. General Zia-ul-Haq.

Q. When “Eighth Amendment” was introduced by the Constitution?
Ans. 1985.

Q. When Zia’s plane crashed?
Ans. 17 August 1988.

Q. When Second Constitution was implemented?
Ans. 1962.

Q. When was the third Constitution implemented?
Ans. 14 August 1973.

Q. When first Martial Law was withdrawn?
Ans. 9 June 1962.

Q. When was the Third Martial Law lifted?
Ans. 30 December 1985.

Q. When did President Ayyub resign from his office?
Ans. 25 March 1969.

Q. General Zia held Presidential Referendum in:
Ans. 1984.

Q. When were four units merged into one unit?
Ans. 1955.

Q. Who abrogated first Constitution?
Ans. Ayyub Khan.

Q. Who were the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Governor-Generals of Pakistan?
Ans. Quaid-e-Azam, Khawaja Nazim-ud-Din, Malik Ghulam Muhammad.

Q. Who were the 1st , 2nd and 3rd Prime Ministers of Pakistan?
Ans. Liaquat Ali Khan, Khwaja Nazim-ud-Din, Muhammad Ali Bogra.

Q. When did second Martial Law was imposed?
Ans. 25 March 1969.

Q. Pakistan became Nuclear Power on:
Ans. 28 May 1997.
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