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Old Wednesday, August 17, 2011
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Mir Gul Khan naseer
Mir Gul Khan Naseer was a prominent poet, historian, politician and journalist of Balochistan. He was born on 14 May 1914 in Noshki. His father’s name was Mir Habib Khan and he belonged to the Paindzai family of the Zagar Mengal sub branch of the Mengal tribe. Mir Gul Khan’s mother “Bibi Hooran” belonged to the Rakhshani branch of the Bolazai Badini. Mir Habib Khan had five sons and three daughters. Mir Gul Khan Naseer was number seven among his eight siblings and he was the fourth amongst his brothers (i.e.) Mir Samand Khan, Mir Lawang Khan, Mir Lal Bux, Mir Gul Khan and Col.Sultan Mohammad Khan.


Mir Gul Khan Naseer married Mir Bohir Khan Gichki’s daughter in the end of 1936. He had two daughters; Gohar Malik and Gul Bano. Gohar Malik was afflicted with Polio in her childhood. Mir Gul Khan Naseer didn’t have any male offspring. Due to this his wife told him to marry again but he said,
“Why should I marry again? Balochs are our children.”

Mir Gul Khan Naseer studied until Fourth Grade in his village. For further studies he was sent to Quetta where he got admission in Government Sandeman High School. After passing his matriculation examination from this school, he went to Lahore in order to pursue a higher education in Islamia College Lahore. During his second year in Islamia College, a piece of coal went into Mir Gul Khan’s eye due to which he had to discontinue his education and return to Quetta. Lahore, at that time, was the hub of knowledge and political and social activities. The political, cultural, social and literary movements in Lahore made quite an impression on Mir Gul Khan Naseer. When he returned to Quetta Balochistan was split into two parts namely The British Balochistan and The Balochistan state. The British Balochistan was under direct British rule while The Balochistan State was indirectly controlled by the British through the Tribal Chiefs (sardars) whom they had bought. In this situation the rulers of Balochistan were in no hurry to make the state progress and better the lives of its inhabitants. Because of these conditions Mir Gul Khan Naseer stepped into politics in order to join the other leaders who were fighting to liberate the people of Balochistan from the Imperialist powers.

Literary Services
Mir Gul Khan Naseer wrote poems in English, Urdu, Balochi, Brahui and Farsi (Persian). Most of his poems are in Balochi language. He was good friends with Faiz Ahmed Faiz. Once Faiz Sahib offered to translate Mir Gul Khan’s poems in urdu but Mir Gul Khan turned down the offer. Most of Mir Gul Khan Naseer’s urdu poetry was written between 1933 – 1950 and there has bee no publication of his urdu poetry to this date.

Mir Gul Khan’s poetry is filled with revolutionary and anti-imperialist themes and it reflects his progressive nature and socialist ideals. Mir Gul Khan Naseer was very much against the class differences that prevailed at that time, and still do. His Urdu poems exhibit his dislike for the chauvinistic attitude of the rich towards the poor:

Mir Gul Khan wrote many books on history and poetry and translated several works from other languages into Balochi and Urdu. A list of some of his books is given below:

Gul Baang (1951) was his first collection of Balochi Poetry.

History of Balochistan (1952) (Urdu) Volume 1 – After much research Mir Gul Khan published this book which consists of 340 pages. It is a history of the Baloch Race and removes many mis-conceptions about the Baloch which were prevalent at that time.

History of Balochistan (1957) (Urdu) Volume 2 – This volume consists of 15 chapters and deals with the history of Balochistan from Khan Khudadad Khan to Khan Ahmed Yar Khan until 1955.

Daastaan-e-Dostain o Sheereen (1964) is considered to be one of the best books of Mir Gul Khan Naseer. In this book he has penned the classical Balochi Love Story of Dostain and Sheereen. In the preface of this book the famous Baloch author Azaat Jamaldini called Mir Gul Khan “The Great Poet of the Balochi Language”.

Koch o Baloch (1969) was a book in which Mir Gul Khan, through intellectual reasoning proved that the Brahvis and the Balochis actually came from the same race.

Garand (1971) is an important collection of Mir Gul Khan Naseer’s poems.

Balochistan Kay Sarhadi Chaapa Maar (1979) is an Urdu translation of General Dyre’s “Raiders of the Frontier” by Mir Gul Khan Naseer.

Seenai Keechaga (1980) is a Balochi translation of Faiz Ahmed Faiz’s Sar-e-Waadi-e-Seena by mir Gul Khan Naseer.

Mashad Na Jang Naama (1981) – Mir Gul Khan Naseer completed this Brahvi book when he was a student in the 8th grade but it was published in 1981.

Shah Latif Gusheet (1983) is a Balochi translation of that part of Shah Abdul Latif Bhatai’s poetry which concerns the Balochs.

Gulgaal (1993) is the ninth compilation Mir Gul Khan’s poetry.

Shanblaak (1996) is Mir Gul Khan Naseer’s tenth collection of Balochi Poetry which also includes Urdu translations by himself.

Mir Gul Khan Naseer died a natural death at the age of 69 on 6 December, 1983 from Lung Cancer. He was laid to rest in his native village “Killi Mengal, Noshki”.
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