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Old Monday, May 18, 2009
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Default Mercantile Law Paper-2009

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN BPS-17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2009

MERCANTILE LAW



TIME ALLOWED: (PART-I) 30 MINUTES MAXIMUM MAMKS:20

(PART-II) 2 HOURS & 30 MINUTES MAXIMUM MARKS:80
NOTE: (i) First attempt PART-I (MCQ) on separate Answer Sheet which shall be taken back
after 30 minutes. (ii) Overwriting/cutting of the options/answers will not be given credit.
.................................................. ...................................
PART-I(MCO) (COMPULSORY)


Q.I. Select the best option/answer and fill in the appropriate box on the Answer Sheet.

(i) Select the correct answer:
(a) Promisee and Offeree are one and same party
(b) Offeree is a party who propose an agreement while promisee accepts it
(c) None of these

(ii) Every agreement forbidding marriage of any adult person is void except of a minor:
(a) Yes (b) No (c) Partly correct (d) None of these

(iii) Can a contract executed in Saudi Arabia be enforced in courts in Pakistan?
(a) Yes (b) No (c) None of these

(iv) The effect of coercion on a contract is that the contract becomes:
(a) void (b) voidable (c) valid (d) None of these

(v) The members of partnership carrying out business of banking must not exceed:
(a) 10 (b) 20 (c) 50 (d) None of these

(vi) The minimum number of members required for forming private company is:
(a) 1 (b) 3 (c) 5 (d) None of these

(vii) The minimum number of members required for forming public company is:
(a) 7 (b) 50 (c) 5 (d) None of these

(viii) After its incorporation, the ordinary General Meeting of a company must be held within:
(a) One year (b) the year of incorporation
(c) Eighteen months from the date of incorporation (d) None of these

(ix) What type of tax is referred to in the sale of Goods Act, 1930?
(a) Income tax (b) Wealth tax (c) Customs duty
(d) Sales tax (e) None of these

(x) The carrier holds the goods in transit as:
(a) Trustee (b) Agent (c) Bailee (d) None of these


(xi) For how much days, a promissory note is entitled to days of grace to be at maturity when it is not
expressed to be either payable on demand or otherwise?
(a) 30 days (b) 15 days (c) 3 days (d) None of these

(xii) A promissory note is at maturity on Sunday, being public holiday. Whether such promissory note will be deemed to be due on: (a) the next preceding business day (b) The next succeeding business day (c) None of these

(xiii) Can a minor become a payee of a negotiable instrument?
(a) Yes (b) No (c) Not himself but his guardian

(xiv) Life Insurance Policy cannot be called in question by an insurer on the ground of inaccurate or false immaterial statement made in the proposal for insurance after:
(a) one year (b) two years (c) three years (d) None of these

(xv) Willfully making statement false in any document required under Insurance Act. 1938, shall be punishable with imprisonment upto:
(a) five years (b) four years (c) three years
(d) fine only (e) None of these

(xvi) Whether a minor can be appointed as nominee to Life Insurance Policy?
(a) Yes (b) No (c) His guardian only (d) None of these

(xvii) Caveat emptor:
(a) is a person who institutes pre-emption suit
(b) is seller who discloses defects in the goods being sold
(c) is the buyer who is supposed to be aware of the suitability of the goods (d) is owner of an empty cave (e) None of these

(xviii) Penalty provided for driving uninsured vehicle is:
(a) imprisonment upto 5 years and fine upto Rs. 1000/- or both
(b) imprisonment upto 1 year and fine upto Rs. 100/- or both
(c) Imprisonment upto 3 months or fine upto Rs. 500/- or with both
(d) fine upto Rs. 10000/- only
(e) none of these

xix) Can a compoundable criminal case be referred to arbitration?
(a) Yes (b) No (c) None of these as only civil matters can be referred to

xx) Within how much period, the arbitrators are legally required to make their award after entering on the reference?

(a) one month (b) two months (c) three months
(d) four months (e) None of these


PART - II


NOTE:
(i) PART-II is to be attempted on the separate Answer Book.
(ii) Attempt ONLY FOUR questions from PART-II. All questions carry EQUAL marks.
(iii) Extra attempt of any question or any part of the attempted question will not be considered.


Q.2. a) All contracts are agreements but all agreements are not contracts. Please justify. (10)

b) Give five examples of such agreements which are declared to be void under the contract Act, 1872. ' (10)

Q.3 a) When will consent of a party to a contract be deemed to have been caused by coercion? (10)

b) Whether threat to commit suicide by. husband will amount to coercion against wife in a contract between them? Comment. (10)

Q.4 a) A and B contract to marry each other. Before the time fixed for the marriage, A goes mad. What type of contract it becomes? (10)

b) (i) Can A, who is pleader, recover fee from his client B, when there was no express agreement as to the remuneration for the services rendered? Justify your reply. (5)
(ii) A, gratuitously saves B's property from fire. Is A entitled to any compensation for it from
B? (5)

Q.5 a) Jewellery was pledged with a money lender as security. The lender gave it to his wife
for putting it on a marriage. While returning from the ceremony, she was attacked by dacoits
and robbed of it. Was the money lender liable for making good the loss to the loanee after such
incident? Comment. (10)

b) What are the rights of the Pawnee in respect of the thing pledged? (10)

Q.6 What statutory restrictions are imposed on the alteration of articles of association of a company? (20)


Q.7 a) What remedies are available to a buyer when the seller delivers him goods less than/or more than the quantity contracted? (10)

b) A purchased a pole for his carriage from B, While A was driving the pole due to a latent defect, broke and the horses got frightened and injured. Is any remedy available to A in such a case? Comment" (10)


Q.8 a) In what cases, a party to the arbitration agreement may appoint his own appointed arbitrator to act as sole arbitrator in the reference? (10)

b) Define the following: (10)
(i) Drawee (ii) Payee (iii) Accommodation Bills (iv) Blank instrument (v) Cross cheque
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Last edited by Xeric; Wednesday, May 20, 2009 at 09:24 AM.
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  #2  
Old Monday, May 18, 2009
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Default Key to MCQs Mercantile Law-2009

Mercantile Law 2009


Key to Question No.01 Mercantile Law


(i) a
(ii) a
(iii) a (doubt)
(iv) b
(v) b
(vi) d
(vii) a
(viii) c
(ix) c
(x) c
(xi) c
(xii) a
(xiii) a
(xiv) d (c is in doubt)
(xv) e
(xvi) a
(xvii) e (because it has been confused in option c, but caveat emptor is a maxim not a person (buyer)
(xviii) e
(xix) b (option c is also in doubt)
(xx) d



Disclaimer: This is an individual effort. No responsibility for wrong answers.


Regards
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"Jiyo to istarh ky log tum sy milny ko tarsy; maro to istrah k log tumharee mot par royain"
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Old Tuesday, May 19, 2009
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Default Changed again?

It was obvious from the last year paper that the ML paper will be completely case based?Now this paper is with certain questions regarding theories....Seniors please advice for the 2010 aspirants how shall we take this????Whether we prepare keeping in mind the "case based" paper or "theory + case based"?

Regards
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  #4  
Old Tuesday, May 19, 2009
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Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by iamcalledasad
It was obvious from the last year paper that the ML paper will be completely case based?Now this paper is with certain questions regarding theories....Seniors please advice for the 2010 aspirants how shall we take this????Whether we prepare keeping in mind the "case based" paper or "theory + case based"?

Regards
Start from theory and finish at case studies. Both the things are compulsory, they reciprocate each other. You can't comprehend sections without going through case studies, and you can't conclude case studies without having background knowledge of the specific sections. Mercantile Law is not the game of common sense it requires knowledge of sections in order to comment on the case studies properly. I have opposed common sense notion deliberately, because some of our members take it solely as a matter of common sense and their strategy completely fails in some cases. So to be on safe side, one should take it seriously, it is better to read all the sections carefully, and then solve the case studies.

Paper has been balanced this time. Examiner has provided cushion to the candidates for scoring atleast passing marks because in previous papers majority of the candidates could not score even 33%. In this way it is better strategy to provide chance to those candidates who were not expert at comprehending case studies but were good at cramming sections and attempting theoretical questions. Nonetheless, examiner has provided a mix of the questions to test both the bookish as well as case study skills of the candidates.


Regards
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"Jiyo to istarh ky log tum sy milny ko tarsy; maro to istrah k log tumharee mot par royain"
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Old Saturday, March 20, 2010
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Default

Q.I. Select the best option/answer and fill in the appropriate box on the Answer Sheet.

(i) Select the correct answer:
(a) Promisee and Offeree are one and same party
(b) Offeree is a party who propose an agreement while promisee accepts it
(c) None of these (A)

(ii) Every agreement forbidding marriage of any adult person is void except of a minor:
(a) Yes (b) No (c) Partly correct (d) None of these (A)

(iii) Can a contract executed in Saudi Arabia be enforced in courts in Pakistan?
(a) Yes (b) No (c) None of these (B)

(iv) The effect of coercion on a contract is that the contract becomes:
(a) void (b) voidable (c) valid (d) None of these (B)

(v) The members of partnership carrying out business of banking must not exceed:
(a) 10 (b) 20 (c) 50 (d) None of these (B)

(vi) The minimum number of members required for forming private company is:
(a) 1 (b) 3 (c) 5 (d) None of these (D)

(vii) The minimum number of members required for forming public company is:
(a) 7 (b) 50 (c) 5 (d) None of these (A)

(viii) After its incorporation, the ordinary General Meeting of a company must be held within:
(a) One year (b) the year of incorporation
(c) Eighteen months from the date of incorporation (d) None of these (B)

(ix) What type of tax is referred to in the sale of Goods Act, 1930?
(a) Income tax (b) Wealth tax (c) Customs duty
(d) Sales tax (e) None of these (D)

(x) The carrier holds the goods in transit as:
(a) Trustee (b) Agent (c) Bailee (d) None of these (D)


(xi) For how much days, a promissory note is entitled to days of grace to be at maturity when it is not
expressed to be either payable on demand or otherwise?
(a) 30 days (b) 15 days (c) 3 days (d) None of these (B)

(xii) A promissory note is at maturity on Sunday, being public holiday. Whether such promissory note will be deemed to be due on: (a) the next preceding business day (b) The next succeeding business day (c) None of these (A)

(xiii) Can a minor become a payee of a negotiable instrument?
(a) Yes (b) No (c) Not himself but his guardian (B)

(xiv) Life Insurance Policy cannot be called in question by an insurer on the ground of inaccurate or false immaterial statement made in the proposal for insurance after:
(a) one year (b) two years (c) three years (d) None of these (A)

(xv) Willfully making statement false in any document required under Insurance Act. 1938, shall be punishable with imprisonment upto:
(a) five years (b) four years (c) three years
(d) fine only (e) None of these (D)

(xvi) Whether a minor can be appointed as nominee to Life Insurance Policy?
(a) Yes (b) No (c) His guardian only (d) None of these (A)

(xvii) Caveat emptor:
(a) is a person who institutes pre-emption suit
(b) is seller who discloses defects in the goods being sold
(c) is the buyer who is supposed to be aware of the suitability of the goods (d) is owner of an empty cave (e) None of these (B)

(xviii) Penalty provided for driving uninsured vehicle is:
(a) imprisonment upto 5 years and fine upto Rs. 1000/- or both
(b) imprisonment upto 1 year and fine upto Rs. 100/- or both
(c) Imprisonment upto 3 months or fine upto Rs. 500/- or with both
(d) fine upto Rs. 10000/- only
(e) none of these (E)

xix) Can a compoundable criminal case be referred to arbitration?
(a) Yes (b) No (c) None of these as only civil matters can be referred to
(C)

xx) Within how much period, the arbitrators are legally required to make their award after entering on the reference?
(a) one month (b) two months (c) three months
(d) four months (e) None of these (D)

Last edited by Princess Royal; Saturday, March 20, 2010 at 01:14 PM.
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