Monday, June 18, 2018
11:54 PM (GMT +5)

Go Back   CSS Forums > Study Forums > GATEWAY

GATEWAY Gateway to Study forum

Reply Share Thread: Submit Thread to Facebook Facebook     Submit Thread to Twitter Twitter     Submit Thread to Google+ Google+    
 
LinkBack Thread Tools Search this Thread
  #1  
Old Tuesday, January 29, 2008
islamabadian786's Avatar
Junior Member
 
Join Date: Aug 2007
Location: Islamabad
Posts: 15
Thanks: 6
Thanked 18 Times in 7 Posts
islamabadian786 is on a distinguished road
Exclamation History Notes for evaluation and admission to Study forum 2008!

Compare the Mahmood of Ghazna and Muhammad of Ghor as Muslim conquerors and statesmen of the sub-continent.

Answer:
1-INTRODUCTION:

Muhammad Ghori and Sultan Mahmood are the two important personalities of Midieval age in sub-continent. Both were enterprising soldiers and invaded India time and again. A carefull and close scrutiny of their respective achievements and character show that they resembled each other in more than one respect and differed in many respects. An overview of both the leaders is given below.


2-AN OVERVIEW OF MUHAMMAD GHORI:

Following are the salient features of the life and qualities of Muhammad Ghori.

i-Great Politician:
He was a great politician and a far sighted statesman. He fully realized the rotten political condition of India and therefore decided to establish permanent kingdom here.

ii-Shrewd Diplomat:

He was a shrewd diplomat as he could deal with every type of friend or foe. He exploited the enemies' weaknesses to his benefit.

iii-perseverence:

He was a determined to reach his goal. Despite many failures he never stopped to realize his plans.

iv-Choice of Men:

In choice of men, he displayed singular talent for the slaves like Aibak, Yalduz and Tughril, he owed most of the success.

v-contribution to Establish Turkish Rule:

His contribution to establishment of Turkish Rule in India can not be over-emphasized.

vi-Wider Conquests:

His campaigns stretched from Afghanistan to Bengal. This is evident of his great vision and tact to organize vast military campaigns.

vii-Steady Builder:

He was a steady builder of his empire. Despite frequent setbacks he advanced steadily towards his empire-building goal.

3-AN OVERVIEW OF MAHMOOD OF GHAZNA:

Following ar the salient features of the life oand qualities of Sultan Mahmood of Ghazna.

i-Administration of Justice:

He was particularly famous for his administration of justice. He meted out justice to all irrespective of caste and creed.

ii-Generelship:

He is considered to be one of the greatest generals of Muslim World. He never suffered a defeat.

iii-Unity of His Army:

He had heterogeneous army consisting of Turks, Arabs, and Hindus, but with the tactful handling of Sultan this army became invincible.

iv-Greatest King:

A great leader of men, a just ruler, a gifted soldier, a dispenser of justice, and a patron of letters, he deserves to be ranked as the greatest king of his age.



4-COMPARISON BETWEEN MUHAMMAD GHORI & MAHMOOD OF GHAZNA:

These two conquerors and kings have been compared in following respects.

i-As General & Soldier:

Mahmood was far more a great general than Muhammad Ghori and the military career of the former was far more brilliant that that of later. Sultan Mahmood never suffered a defeat in his seventeen campaigns of India. Whereas Ghori suffered many crushing defeats and his successes were mainly due to his able lieutenants Qutbuddin Aibak and Ikhtiyaruddin Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khalji.

ii-As Founders of Muslim Empire in India:

Muhammad Ghori has been called the founder of the Muslim empire in INdia. He took great care i consolidating his conquests. He rendered a great service to the cause of Islam in the sub-continent. Whereas Sultan Mahmood invaded India either to collect the wealth of HIndu Temples or to chastise the disaffected Hindu Rajas. With the exception of Punjab his invasions did not last longer.

iii-As Statesmen:
They both were great statesmen. Ghori found India suitable for making his empire in India due to his failures against Khwarism Shah in Afghanistan. Whereas Sultan Mahmood of Ghazna built the Ghaznavid empire in Afghanistan and enriched it with the wealth of India. Both of conquerors acted like a real statesman.

iv-As Patrons of Art & Learning:

The chief work that has immortalized Mahmood of Ghazna's name was his patronage of learning and literature. He gathered a large number of poets and scholars in his court like al-Beruni, Utbi, and Firdausi. He built museum and many magnificent buildings. On the other hand Ghori had interest in the patronage of art and laearning but lesser than Sultan Mahmood of Ghazna. The celebrated philosopher and savant Fakhruddin Razi and the famous classical poet Nizami Uruzi adorned the Ghorid court. Sultan Mahmood built "Celestial Bride" and Jam-i-Masjid of Ghazni. He had a library a museum and many other buildings.

5-CONCLUSION:

Both Sultan Muhammad Ghori and Mahmood Ghaznavi had great and rare qualities of head and heart. As Ghori was a steady builder and master of art of selecting the best man for the job, Ghaznavi as a general is rated as one of the greatest generals of Muslim History. But the contribution of Sultan Muhammad Ghori towards establishing Muslim rule in Indo Pakistan region is something that has had far reaching results and all the muslims of Indo Pak region owe him very much in this respect.
__________________
"A successful person is one who can lay a firm foundation with the bricks that others throw at him." (David Brinkley)
Reply With Quote
The Following 3 Users Say Thank You to islamabadian786 For This Useful Post:
Bhalla Changa (Wednesday, January 30, 2008), ishaq baluch (Wednesday, January 30, 2008), Syed Ali Rizvi (Thursday, January 15, 2009)
  #2  
Old Tuesday, January 29, 2008
islamabadian786's Avatar
Junior Member
 
Join Date: Aug 2007
Location: Islamabad
Posts: 15
Thanks: 6
Thanked 18 Times in 7 Posts
islamabadian786 is on a distinguished road
Lightbulb Looking forward to a fast and deep assessment.

aoa:
i hav submitted my notes which i hav made from more than a couple of books, and hope that i will be given access to study forum 2008(time is already short) so that not only i can benefit from others but also other members can benefit from my personal notes. Thanx
Allah Hafiz
__________________
"A successful person is one who can lay a firm foundation with the bricks that others throw at him." (David Brinkley)
Reply With Quote
  #3  
Old Wednesday, January 30, 2008
Bhalla Changa's Avatar
Member
 
Join Date: Aug 2007
Posts: 87
Thanks: 62
Thanked 102 Times in 43 Posts
Bhalla Changa is on a distinguished road
Default

I am unaware of the new tasks assigned, in order to access Study Forum, after looking at your efforts, I too want to share some notes on history, is it still open?
do past posts carry some marks for qualifying to this?
another thing that after becoming a part do we have to regularly contribute to the forum?
honestly, being busy with a job and upcoming CSS (after the working hours) I may not be able to do much till the exams and would only get benefit of important topics from the forum, can i still try?
Reply With Quote
  #4  
Old Thursday, January 31, 2008
islamabadian786's Avatar
Junior Member
 
Join Date: Aug 2007
Location: Islamabad
Posts: 15
Thanks: 6
Thanked 18 Times in 7 Posts
islamabadian786 is on a distinguished road
Arrow Its open to submit the content for evaluation.

aoa:
regarding ur query, its is always open to submit the content. but i dont know whether previous contributions are considered in this respect or not. Plz refer to the topic, post #8 in "Topics to work on" in Gateway area for desired topics to work on. and u r welcome if u need any help.
best of luck,
Allah Hafiz.
__________________
"A successful person is one who can lay a firm foundation with the bricks that others throw at him." (David Brinkley)
Reply With Quote
The Following User Says Thank You to islamabadian786 For This Useful Post:
Bhalla Changa (Friday, February 01, 2008)
  #5  
Old Wednesday, April 02, 2008
Junior Member
 
Join Date: Feb 2008
Location: at home
Posts: 9
Thanks: 29
Thanked 0 Times in 0 Posts
bright star is on a distinguished road
Default

hi to all plz tell me how can i have an access to gateway.
__________________
Allah is great
Reply With Quote
  #6  
Old Thursday, April 03, 2008
Muhammad T S Awan's Avatar
Senior Member
Medal of Appreciation: Awarded to appreciate member's contribution on forum. (Academic and professional achievements do not make you eligible for this medal) - Issue reason: AppreciationDiligent Service Medal: Awarded upon completion of 5 years of dedicated services and contribution to the community. - Issue reason:
 
Join Date: Mar 2005
Location: Land of Uncia Uncia :)
Posts: 2,071
Thanks: 1,731
Thanked 2,255 Times in 1,099 Posts
Muhammad T S Awan has a brilliant futureMuhammad T S Awan has a brilliant futureMuhammad T S Awan has a brilliant futureMuhammad T S Awan has a brilliant futureMuhammad T S Awan has a brilliant futureMuhammad T S Awan has a brilliant futureMuhammad T S Awan has a brilliant futureMuhammad T S Awan has a brilliant futureMuhammad T S Awan has a brilliant futureMuhammad T S Awan has a brilliant futureMuhammad T S Awan has a brilliant future
Default

@ islamabadian786

brother your efforts are appreciated, plz have a look at :

http://www.cssforum.com.pk/central-s...ghlight=ghazni
__________________
'Thee woh ik shakhs kay tasawar saay - abb woh ranayee khayal kahaan'
Reply With Quote
  #7  
Old Saturday, June 14, 2008
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Apr 2008
Location: Sara Pakistan...Humara Pakistan
Posts: 1,592
Thanks: 650
Thanked 796 Times in 466 Posts
Surmount is a jewel in the roughSurmount is a jewel in the roughSurmount is a jewel in the rough
Smile

Quote:
Originally Posted by bright star
hi to all plz tell me how can i have an access to gateway.

You need to prepare some notes about the Subjects (Compulsory/Optional) and would have to post 'em in the Forum, and if you are found as a serious aspirant, the gate would be open for you. Are you planing to appear in 2008-9? If so then you would must have started studying already, you need to just prepare the notes and post them.

Simple



Regards
Surmount
__________________
~Time owns each and everything~
~Useless youth if not useful for Pakistan~
Reply With Quote
  #8  
Old Saturday, June 14, 2008
Sureshlasi's Avatar
Senior Member
Medal of Appreciation: Awarded to appreciate member's contribution on forum. (Academic and professional achievements do not make you eligible for this medal) - Issue reason: Best Moderator Award: Awarded for censoring all swearing and keeping posts in order. - Issue reason: Best ModMember of the Year: Awarded to those community members who have made invaluable contributions to the Community in the particular year - Issue reason: For the year 2007Diligent Service Medal: Awarded upon completion of 5 years of dedicated services and contribution to the community. - Issue reason:
 
Join Date: Mar 2006
Location: پاکستان
Posts: 2,290
Thanks: 484
Thanked 3,101 Times in 767 Posts
Sureshlasi is a name known to allSureshlasi is a name known to allSureshlasi is a name known to allSureshlasi is a name known to allSureshlasi is a name known to allSureshlasi is a name known to all
Default

Firstly I must appreciate your work but it doesn`t meet to the criteria of SF. Only highly competitive and contributive members are eligible to get entry into the Study Forum. Consequently you have to submit your own created piece of work which is not filched by any other source. So that we can scrutinize your strength and weakness.

You`re requested to prepare an essay or few paragraphs regarding any topic.

Your co-operation will be appreciated.

Take care,

Allah Nagheban,
__________________
ஜ иστнιπg ι ιмթΘรรιвlε тσ α ωιℓℓιиg нєαят ஜ
Reply With Quote
  #9  
Old Sunday, June 15, 2008
Mumtaz Hayat Maneka's Avatar
Khadim-e-Fareed
Moderator: Ribbon awarded to moderators of the forum - Issue reason: Medal of Appreciation: Awarded to appreciate member's contribution on forum. (Academic and professional achievements do not make you eligible for this medal) - Issue reason: CSP Medal: Awarded to those Members of the forum who are serving CSP Officers - Issue reason: Roll Number 3208-CSS 2008Best Moderator Award: Awarded for censoring all swearing and keeping posts in order. - Issue reason: Best Mod 2009Member of the Year: Awarded to those community members who have made invaluable contributions to the Community in the particular year - Issue reason: 2009Elite CSP Medal: Members who previously received (CSP Award  and Member of the Year Award ) OR (CSP award + Gold Medal + Medal of Appreciation) are eligible for this award. - Issue reason: Diligent Service Medal: Awarded upon completion of 5 years of dedicated services and contribution to the community. - Issue reason:
 
Join Date: Aug 2005
Location: LAHORE & Shehar-e-Fareed
Posts: 561
Thanks: 683
Thanked 1,186 Times in 442 Posts
Mumtaz Hayat Maneka is a splendid one to beholdMumtaz Hayat Maneka is a splendid one to beholdMumtaz Hayat Maneka is a splendid one to beholdMumtaz Hayat Maneka is a splendid one to beholdMumtaz Hayat Maneka is a splendid one to beholdMumtaz Hayat Maneka is a splendid one to beholdMumtaz Hayat Maneka is a splendid one to behold
Default

@islamabadian.....

you have produced a good answer to this question and i think this question may appear next year in the paper.
But inorder to get good marks in your paper try to be more analytical and give view points of note worthy authors like Lanepoole,S.M.Ikram,Ishwari Parsad,Gibbon etc.By adding quotations in one's answer one can give a very good impression and it makes the answer more worthwile.
Secondly Mehmood has been criticised by many that he was not much an empire builder and he just came here to plunder etc there are divergent opinions about that.
On the other hand M.Ghauri was an empire builder.He established the first full fledged Muslim Kingdom which was inherited by Qutbudin Aibek after him.You should incorporate these points in your answer.....

Regards.
__________________
M-M-M
Reply With Quote
Reply

Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Trackbacks are On
Pingbacks are On
Refbacks are On



CSS Forum on Facebook Follow CSS Forum on Twitter

Disclaimer: All messages made available as part of this discussion group (including any bulletin boards and chat rooms) and any opinions, advice, statements or other information contained in any messages posted or transmitted by any third party are the responsibility of the author of that message and not of CSSForum.com.pk (unless CSSForum.com.pk is specifically identified as the author of the message). The fact that a particular message is posted on or transmitted using this web site does not mean that CSSForum has endorsed that message in any way or verified the accuracy, completeness or usefulness of any message. We encourage visitors to the forum to report any objectionable message in site feedback. This forum is not monitored 24/7.

Sponsors: ArgusVision   vBulletin, Copyright ©2000 - 2018, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.