Observations on Performance of Candidates in Written Part of CSS Examination 2011
Performance of Candidates in Compulsory Subjects
Study of candidates qualifying written examination of CSS 2011 showed that 28% candidates in Every Day Science, 15% candidates in English (Precis & Composition), 10% in Current Affairs, 10% in Pakistan Affairs, 9% in Islamiat and 3% in English Essay got above 60% marks in the said subjects. Analysis showed that performance of qualified candidates in written examination in the subject of Everyday Science and English (Precis &Composition) was much better than other compulsory subjects.
Observations of Examiners on Performance of Candidates in Written Part of CSS Examination 2011
Following are observations of the Examiners on performance of candidates in compulsory and optional subjects offered in written part of the Competitive Examination 2011.
A. Compulsory Subjects
Essay: Out of a total 9062 candidates only 24 percent qualified the paper. Only 31 candidates attained marks above 60%. Majority of the candidates produced faulty and crammed knowledge.
General Knowledge-II (Current Affairs): Majority of the candidates could not produce answers in good writing skills. Most of the candidates did not display current knowledge of the international events. About 03 percent candidates attained marks above 80%. Candidates were advised to enhance their analytical capacity.
Islamiat: Overall performance of the candidates was not satisfactory especially the first part (MCQ) because of their lack of knowledge/ information on the subject and hence could not get more than twelve marks out of twenty in part-I. In the second part, majority of candidates attempted only three or four questions remarkably well while other questions were attempted haphazardly with irrelevant material. Majority of the candidates could not attempt the question in veil and freedom of women with reference to the law of France & Philosophy of the Islamic punishment. Majority of answer scripts were of low standard and lacked up-to-date knowledge of the subject. This performance is reflective of overall improvement required in our Education System to enable the students to compete for CSS Examination and develop their mental faculty.
B. Optional Subjects
Accountancy & Auditing-I: Majority of the candidates had displayed above average understanding of the subject. Although candidates seemed to possess firm grip over the general topics but majority of the candidates expressed their answers in trouble in specialized areas like Asset Disposal, Partnership and Accounting Convention. About 50 percent candidates got above 60% marks. 30 percent secured between 44-59% marks, 12 percent obtained between 33-43% marks while 8 percent candidates failed in the subject.
Accountancy & Auditing-II: Majority of candidates showed poor knowledge of the subject. Performance of candidates in Auditing and Income Tax was below average. In MCQs part, the performance was poor. Almost all candidates seemed to have prepared on the basis of making guess based on past papers except few who showed grip over the subject. 20 percent candidates got 60 or above marks, 34 percent obtained between 44-59% marks, 24 percent secured between 33-43% marks while 22 percent candidates failed in the subject.
Agriculture: The over all standard and performance of the candidates was be low average. 29 percent candidates got 60 or above marks, 44 percent candidates obtained between 44-59% marks, 20 percent candidates secured between 33-49% marks and 7 percent failed in the subject. A few candidates even did not know how to write a good sentence in English.
Applied Maths: Some of the candidates performed in their answer scripts with poor standard having no understanding with the application of the subject. Majority of the candidates stressed on memorization rather than understanding the basics of the subject. Performance of the candidates reflects that quality of education system must be over-haled at the level of colleges/universities. The teachers in schools and colleges must be well qualified having sound background in the subject. Refresher courses for teachers must be organized at least once in a year by well known faculty.
Arabic: Most of the candidates displayed good performance and seemed well prepared. 22 percent candidates secured 60% or above marks, 47 percent candidates obtained between 44-59% marks. 28 percent got between 33-43% marks while 4 percent candidates failed in the subject. The candidates were found lacking in-depth knowledge of the subject.
Botany: Performance of the candidates was an average to above average. It is desired that approach of the candidates in the subject should be analytical. Question papers should be made more analytical and objective rather than descriptive.
British History: The general standard of performance of 20 percent candidates was good, while remaining 80 percent attempted poorly in terms of weak expression, distortion of facts, generalization, non clarity of idea and lacked in-depth knowledge. Candidates need proper guidance instead of using old methods for preparation. They must use sophisticated and reliable sources of knowledge such as digital libraries, research articles and several topics published in well known historical journals.
Business Administration: The classification of the candidates as per their performance indicated that 14 percent candidates got 60% or above marks. 34 percent secured between 44-59% marks, 27 percent obtained between 33-43% marks while 25percent failed in the subject. The candidate’s technical knowledge and English communication skills were poor due to inadequate reading habits. Colleges/Universities should revise their teaching methods based on case studies, role playing, practical exercises, management films and field visits. Lecture method should be reduced to 30 percent only.
Computer Science: Performance of candidates was observed below average. Only 3 percent candidates got 60% or above marks, 18 percent candidates obtained between 44-59% marks, while 29 percent candidates secured between 33-43%marks and 50 percent candidates failed. Majority of the candidates had lacked in-depth knowledge and avoided to attempt important questions about Networking.
Constitutional Law: Performance of majority of the candidates was average with few exceptional cases. In-depth knowledge was required for Constitutional Law specially disseminated by the colleges and universities. The Fundamental Rights provided by the Constitution to the citizens should be considered as an important area by the universities/colleges and students were required to learn these basic provision s for better performance in the subject.
English Literature-I: Performance of the candidates was just an average. Only 11 present candidates got between 60-64% marks. 36 percent candidates obtained between 44-59% marks, 32 percent candidates secured between 33-43% marks and 21 percent failed in the subject. Candidates should review their efforts in the areas i.e. in-depth knowledge, Idiomatic approach, authentic/classic critics, quoted references, and critical comments on relating story for better performance.
English Literature-II: Analysis of Answer scripts showed that only 13 percent candidates got between 60-79% marks, 31 percent obtained between 44-59% marks, 32 percent secured between 33-43% marks and 23 percent candidates failed in the subject. Correct English Idioms, Sentence Structure, comprehension and specific criticism are required for forming an effective answer. The long essay type answers must have a proper introductions descriptive/specific main body and a conclusion. Candidates must focus only on a question and add quotations from the text, where required.
Economics: Performance of the candidates especially regarding their critical ability was not satisfactory. They tried to fill the pages rather than comprehension of concepts, themes and analysis of the given questions. Majority of the candidates were unaware about subject contents. 50 percent candidates have no ability to understand the question rather answering it in a proper way. Teaching of Economics in colleges and universities need to be improved.
European History I: 17 percent candidates got 60% or above marks in the subject, 38 percent candidates secured between 44-59% marks, 23 percent candidates obtained 33-43% marks and 22 percent candidates failed in the subject. Majority of the candidates memorized the answers from guide books and reproduced those answers without understanding the theme of the questions asked in the paper.
European History II: Evaluation of answer scripts showed that 16 percent candidates secured 60% or above marks, 35 percent candidates secured between 44-59% marks, 34 percent secured between 33-43% marks and 15 percent candidates failed in the subject. In fact, only those candidates who secured 60 or more marks demonstrated comprehension of the subject. The remaining 84%candidates did not have sufficient knowledge, articulation and comprehension of the subject.
Forestry: Command of the candidates on the subject was not upto the standard. They lacked technical grip and correct approach in answering the questions. 24 percent candidates secured 60% or above marks and 38 percent candidates obtained between 44-59% marks while 24 percent remained in the range of 33-43% marks. 15 percent candidates failed in the subject
Geology: Performance of the candidates was not satisfactory as almost half of the candidates failed in the subject. Result of the candidates in paper-I was relatively better as compared to paper-II. Standard of answer scripts showed better performance of those candidates who studied the subject at their academic level instead of others who have never studied the subject before this examination.
History of Pakistan & India: Generally, performance of the candidates was not up to the mark. Majority of the candidates were non serious and not prepared themselves to perform better in CSS Competitive Examination. They relied only on memorization of ready-made answers rather than understanding the theme of questions asked for. Majority of the candidates suffered due to poor expression in English. Focus must be given on the quality of English language teaching at the school level where improvement be made by appointing highly qualified and skilful English language teachers.
International Law: Evaluation of answer scripts of the subject showed poor standard of the candidates in expression of English language and lacked knowledge of the subject. Majority of the candidates relied on book is hand responded with crammed knowledge. They produced irrelevant details, repetition in answering the questions and failed to understand the theme of the questions. Their performance in MCQ was better than subjective portion. In answering some questions they did not give reference of relevant Articles and Provision of the Statutes.
International Relation: Majority of the candidates seemed worked hard to prepare the subject but could not achieve required standard. Their answers were neither proper nor precise. They wrote irrelevant and excessive answer to a question that had not been asked. They should study quality literature for better performance in the subject. However, small minority of the candidates had produced good and quality answers.
Islamic History & Culture-I: Performance of the candidates showed that majority of them was not sincere towards their related text, reference books, in-depth knowledge and thorough study of the subject. They were failed to understand the theme of questions given in the paper. Majority of them still follow the old and traditional method of long answers and unnecessary heading and sub heading. They must focus their answers on the real theme asked in the question paper.
Islamic History & Culture-II: Performance of majority of the candidates was up to the mark. However, the candidates were not capable to express their knowledge specially in proving their comments regarding historical personalities and events.
Journalism: Performance of majority of the candidates (60%) was satisfactory. Colleges and Universities should give more emphasize on definitions and explanations of modern concepts/terms in the field of Mass Communication with particular reference to our society. They must focus more on all the basics of the subject to get maximum marks in MCQs as well as in subjective part of the subject.
Mercantile Law: Performance of majority of the candidates was satisfactory 08 percent candidates obtained above 60% marks. 56 percent secured between 44-59% marks, 22 percent were placed in the range of 33-43% marks and 14 percent failed in the subject. The candidates mostly lacked in applied knowledge, unable to understand the call of question and produced bookish knowledge. However, very few of them were found upto mark in expression and analysing the situation.
Muslim Law & Jurisprudence: After evaluating answer scripts, it was observed that standard of expression in English was quite disappointing. Scanty knowledge, bookish, crammed, irrelevant and unnecessary details were found in their answers. Majority of candidates could not understand the concept of the questions asked. They produced answers without quoting relevant Laws/Provisions of the Statute. Performance of the candidates in subjective part was better than objective portion.
Law: The performance of the candidates was satisfactory. Candidates who obtained highest marks, their concepts, understanding skills over substantive laws, procedural law to contemporary practice and answers were extremely relevant and flow of arguments were marvellous. While remaining candidates fall in average or below average range having common deficiencies. The candidates were required to develop writing skill, research culture and clarity of concept in the subject for better performance.
Persian: On the whole, the performance was good but their knowledge about history of Persian literature was not up to the mark as well as observed poor Persian writing.
Philosophy: The performance of the candidates was above average. 20 percent got between 60-79% marks. 56 percent secured between 44-59 %. 20 percent candidates obtained between 33-43% marks while 3 percent candidates failed in the subject. Majority of the candidates showed lack of logical, scientific and precise approach. Concept of the subject can be made clear with better learning as well as writing practice.
Political Science I: The overall performance of the candidates was satisfactory. The candidates analyzed the questions objectively asked regarding political philosophy and the principals of political science.
Political Science II: The performance of the candidates was not satisfactory. Majority of the candidates had poor comprehension, made selective studies, misconception about the subject and weak command. They must carry out practice for creative writing well in time which enables them to present their ideas in a befitting manner for better performance in the subject.
Psychology: The standard of answer scripts was found satisfactory. Psychology is a research based discipline and it has practical utility. Some answers lacked new researches and practical examples.
Public Administration: Answers of majority of the candidates reflected the trend of crammed knowledge prepared from guide books. The answers lacked analysis and could not relate with ground realities in the country. Expression and standard in English was very poor. The subject is most relevant to Civil Services, therefore, candidates appearing in CSS examination must give more emphasize to the subject.
Punjabi: Overall performance of the candidates was very good. 61 percent candidates obtained 60% and above marks, 26 percent candidates secured between 44-59% marks and 9 percent got between 33-43% marks while only 4 percent candidates failed in the subject. However, right of education in mother tongue may bring more better performance of the candidates.
Pure Mathematics: Performance of the candidates was just satisfactory. Only few candidates were exceptional. Majority of the candidates was not prepared well for CSS examination.
Pushto: Majority of the candidates have attempted the paper well. However, candidates did not attempt correct answers of some questions which reflect their non-understanding of the theme of the questions asked.
Sindhi: After detail examination of answer scripts, it was observed that majority of the candidates did not study the original prescribed text books, they only depended on selective studies or notes prepared by tutor. They should try to understand the question by reading them again and again.
Sociology: Over all performance of the candidates was good. 45 percent candidates got 60% and above marks, 40 percent candidates obtained between 44-59% marks, 10 percent candidates secured between 33-43% marks, and 5 percent failed in the subject. The concept of subject and expression of about 15 percent candidates was not satisfactory.
Statistics: The performance of majority of the candidates was not satisfactory. The candidates did not prepare for the examination seriously. Vast majority failed to attempt even very basic questions. They expressed poor communication and lacked technical knowledge with poor vocabulary and weak grammar. Almost all, except very few, could not derive basic results as they did not know the basic assumptions of Linear Regression and were unable to derive Least Square Estimates. Faculty teaching courses perhaps, did not deliver the expected knowledge. Authorities must find ways to improve teaching standard in the educational institutions.
Zoology: The over all performance of majority of the candidates was satisfactory. The performance of candidates in paper-II was much better than paper-I. Majority of the candidates could not focused on clarity of concepts of the subject and filled sheets with irrelevant material. Memorization in such type of examination must be replaced by analyzing the concepts of the subject with international standards. Lectures should not be confined to a single source of information rather a broad based approach should be developed in Colleges and Universities.
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Mam please explain this term
Candidates were advised to enhance their analytical capacity
I am not expert but I think it can be an example of it, suppose Pakistan PM says hum kashmir issue ko back burner pe rkh k phly trade krengy .if you are in a favor of this statement, instead of just saying k its good or bad statement , one can analyse in a way that though Kashmir is an important issue and we being Muslims stand with kashmiri brothers, every Pakistani want to solve the issue ASAP but as our economy is very down and we are losing our international position and influence ,it would be better if we focus on trade first and grow our economy, get back our influential position and then we'll be in better position to negotiate for Kashmir issue .
that's what I think it really meant . Seniors please correct me if I'm wrong
Somewhere Beyond Right and Wrong, There is a Garden. I'll meet you there :Rumi
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