Sunday, December 08, 2019
03:12 PM (GMT +5)

Go Back   CSS Forums > CSS Compulsory Subjects > Essay > Essays

Essays Essays here

Reply Share Thread: Submit Thread to Facebook Facebook     Submit Thread to Twitter Twitter     Submit Thread to Google+ Google+    
 
LinkBack Thread Tools Search this Thread
  #1  
Old Thursday, November 15, 2018
Banned
 
Join Date: Jul 2012
Location: Mastung, Balochistan, Pakistan
Posts: 33
Thanks: 7
Thanked 13 Times in 12 Posts
Naeem Javid is on a distinguished road
Lightbulb Fighting Women Harassment | Complete Essay with Outline

Fighting Women Harassment

OUTLINE

Introduction
Protection of Women against Harassment at the Workplace
Women Harassment – Easy to Allege, difficult to Prove
How to Fight Hassament?
  • Highlight Harassment Issues and Creating Awareness
  • Strengthening the Law to Making it Effective
  • Redefining Sexual Harassment
  • Widening the Scope of Sexual Harassment
  • Sensitization over the matter
  • #MeeToo
  • Gender Balance in Universities and Colleges
  • Gender Counselors in Institutions
  • Drawing a Gender Code
  • No more Impunity to Harassers
  • Ambivalent Men Attitude
Conclusion
=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=--=
The theme of Tehreek-i-Niswan’s fourth Peace Table held a fortnight ago was sexual harassment. This was very timely. #MeToo has made a controversial debut in the country with no consensus on the issue. As a television actor aptly said, “Women in our society remain united when it comes to keeping their mouth shut, and are divided when they speak up.”

The country now has a law in place, Protection of Women against Harassment at the Workplace. Yet women are hesitant to step forward and speak of their personal experiences.

Our patriarchal culture, a flawed law and a weak machinery for implementation put women on the defensive. While some respond meekly, others give vent to their anger (usually on social media) to lash out at their oppressors.

The situation is now sensitive. We have had women of courage who refused to be silenced like Mukhtaran Mai (uneducated and underprivileged) and Navin Haider, a university professor. But these are exceptions, for one doesn’t hear of many women coming forward to resort to the legal processes provided. That is because it is easy to allege harassment but difficult to prove it in our circumstances. In such a case, the fallout can be serious for the woman trying to change the status quo.

So what we have is a lot of noise that helps highlight harassment issues and create awareness — hopefully in men as well. This is good in a way, for until now, we generally brushed the problem under the carpet. But it carries the risk of a backlash that affects individuals, as is already happening.

It is also important that some concrete measures be taken to improve the situation. First is the need to strengthen the law to make it effective. Abira Ashfaq, a lawyer-activist who has studied the anti-harassment law, points to some areas that need to be addressed. One is the definition itself.

Instead of terming behavior with sexual connotations as unwelcome (which makes it ambiguous) the focus should be on consent. Its scope also needs to be widened, she says, to cover agricultural, home-based, informal labor and freelance workers.

Sexual harassment outside the ambit of the workplace — that is in public places — is dealt with by the criminal process (Section 509 of the Pakistan Penal Code). Here systemic biases weaken the women’s case.

Under the present arrangement, there is no input from the judicial process, which is normally an important source of development, interpretation and evolution of the law. Inquiry committees do not exist in every organization and are created on an ad hoc basis when needed, without any training and sensitization of their members.

These shortcomings pointed out and identified by legal experts, should be addressed if #MeToo is to empower women in Pakistan. The Peace Table’s charter of demands also called for amendments in the law. It would accelerate the process if one of the women’s organizations were to get some lawyers to draft a stronger law and then lobby with parliament to adopt it.

Meanwhile, there are other measures that can be adopted. These are especially important for academia where young vulnerable women are present in large numbers. The relatively better gender balance in universities and colleges strengthens the women’s hand. Every educational institution which has men and women on its rolls must have permanent inquiry committees with gender parity in their membership.

Another suggestion is that educational institutions should have gender counselors well versed in the legal and social aspects of harassment — both women and men — with whom students can talk in confidence. A gender code drawn up by every institution and prominently displayed for the information and education of all people concerned would also help.

I would like to point to another issue that is most disturbing. It is the impunity with which harassers are allowed to roam about receiving social acceptance. In the Karachi University case, the visiting professor was held guilty of sexual harassment and banned from the campus precincts. Yet he is welcomed at events, thus giving social sanction to his ‘unwelcome’ behavior.

What is worrying is the ambivalent attitude of men (even those who are decent, women-respecting and non-misogynistic) towards their compatriots who are contemptuous of the female members of society. One speaker at the Peace Table termed it a ‘bro code’. Is it that we are still in the early stages of the evolution of gender relations?

The matter needs to be taken seriously. In one private university, the issue of harassment has created such hype that many students, especially young girls, are upset and confused. As often happens in such cases, rumors have taken over, and irresponsible behavior on the part of some individuals — both men and women — have made matters worse.

By Zubeida Mustafa

Last edited by Argus; Friday, May 10, 2019 at 12:58 AM.
Reply With Quote
Reply

Tags
essay, essayspedia, harassment, pakistan, women

Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Trackbacks are On
Pingbacks are On
Refbacks are On


Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
Essay Writing saharsyed Essay 17 Thursday, August 30, 2018 04:06 PM
Essay On Women's Status And Role (Kindly Check & Comment) Roshan wadhwani Essays 7 Wednesday, September 21, 2011 12:11 AM
2010 Human Rights Report: Pakistan khuhro News & Articles 0 Saturday, April 16, 2011 11:12 PM
Women rule in Islam ? Xeric Discussion 15 Thursday, September 30, 2010 10:48 PM
Women In Pakistan Mystichina Essays 3 Wednesday, September 05, 2007 09:23 PM


CSS Forum on Facebook Follow CSS Forum on Twitter

Disclaimer: All messages made available as part of this discussion group (including any bulletin boards and chat rooms) and any opinions, advice, statements or other information contained in any messages posted or transmitted by any third party are the responsibility of the author of that message and not of CSSForum.com.pk (unless CSSForum.com.pk is specifically identified as the author of the message). The fact that a particular message is posted on or transmitted using this web site does not mean that CSSForum has endorsed that message in any way or verified the accuracy, completeness or usefulness of any message. We encourage visitors to the forum to report any objectionable message in site feedback. This forum is not monitored 24/7.

Sponsors: ArgusVision   vBulletin, Copyright ©2000 - 2019, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.