Friday, April 26, 2019
06:49 PM (GMT +5)

Go Back   CSS Forums > CSS Compulsory Subjects > Essay > Essays

Essays Essays here

Reply Share Thread: Submit Thread to Facebook Facebook     Submit Thread to Twitter Twitter     Submit Thread to Google+ Google+    
 
LinkBack Thread Tools Search this Thread
  #1  
Old 1 Week Ago
Naeem Javid's Avatar
Divisional Forest Officer
 
Join Date: Jul 2012
Location: Mastung, Balochistan, Pakistan
Posts: 51
Thanks: 8
Thanked 13 Times in 12 Posts
Naeem Javid is on a distinguished road
Lightbulb The Future of Plastic | Complete Essay with Outline

The Future of Plastic

OUTLINE

Introduction
World's First Plastic Free Nation
Plastic and Pakistan
  • Plastic Ban in Sindh
  • Sindh Environment Protection (SEP) Act of 2014
Plastic and World
  • Effects of Plastic on Marine Line
  • The Case of Kenya
Steps Towards Solution
The Existing Waste
The need for Societal Change
Conclusion


What do you think of when you hear about Rwanda? If you are into history, the Rwandan genocide will certainly come to mind; it was an orgy of bloodletting in which 500,000 to one million ethnic Tutsis were brutally slaughtered by Hutu extremists such as Interahamwe, who succeeded in wiping out 70 per cent of the Tutsi population … often with weapons no more sophisticated than machetes.

But what you may not know is that Rwanda has recently won a rather unlikely accolade — that of being the world’s first plastic-free nation. In 2008, this tiny West African nation banned all non-biodegradable plastic bags, making the possession, manufacture and importing of such punishable by a six-month jail term and fines.

Visitors are searched, and any plastic bags found are confiscated. The results have been spectacular, and in 2008, UN-Habitat named the capital Kigali as the cleanest city in Africa.

I found myself thinking of this while driving in Karachi on a windy day as disposed plastic bags flew around like birds from hell. They adorned trash heaps and trees alike, hanging on the branches like a flag of chaos. And then I saw a rather lovely panaflex asking people to refrain from using plastic bags and had no option but to reflect on the number of times I had seen proud announcements of a ban on such bags.

The latest such ban, at least in Sindh, was announced in November last year and was supposed to first be implemented in Sukkur and then in the rest of the province. Banners were put up and shopkeepers were warned but, to no one’s surprise, absolutely no implementation took place.

Note also that as per the Sindh Environment Protection (SEP) Act 2014 and its Section 14(3) reads that “no person shall import, manufacture, stockpile, trade, supply, distribute or sell any scheduled plastic product which is non-degradable”.

Hunza has also recently banned plastic bags, and one hopes the inhabitants will have greater success in the implementation.

I can bore you with figures: in the past 10 years, the world has produced more plastic than in the last century. One million plastic bags are produced every minute. Half of it is used only once and thrown away. Enough plastic is thrown away each year to circle the earth four times.

We have not even spared the oceans, and in a scene, out of a nightmare a dead whale washed up in the Philippines was recently found to have 40 kilogrammes of plastic in its stomach. More recently, a dead pregnant whale was also found to have ingested 22 kg of plastic.

I started with the Rwanda example (Kenya also stands out in this regard) because, in the popular imagination, African countries are backward basket cases, not models to aspire to. So when naysayers argue that such a ban would be impossible to implement for a Third World nation, these (and other) examples stand out in contradiction.

Certainly, it is not enough to merely impose and enforce a ban without looking for alternatives. In a nation where shopkeepers will put even the tiniest objects in a ‘shopper’ (and look at you as if you’re insane if you refuse the bag), an alternative must be in place. Here, instead of a threat is an opportunity as many workable alternatives are indeed available.

But what to do with the existing waste? Here we can also find easy solutions. The Nigerian city of Yola has become home to a thriving cottage industry where women recycle plastic bags into fashion accessories and in some countries, even into art objects. It is not difficult to replicate that model here, which will also have the added benefit of creating economic growth. And then, of course, there is the Indian innovation of using plastic waste (melted down) to build roads.

Now, none of these are perfect solutions, and as we all know there are no silver bullets or magical fixes on offer. The best we can do is implement a host of measures, taking advantage of the incredible pools of talent found in Pakistan’s youth and entrepreneurial class — provided there is a will to do so.

And here is where we always fall short: no personal initiative, no matter how well-meaning or ground-breaking, can ever replace the role of the state, but thus far, we have seen no willingness to address this issue beyond a few meetings, announcement and lip service.

By Zarrar Khuhro

Top#7 Environmental Essays Worth Your Time
Climate Change – A Ticking Bomb | Complete Essay with Outline
Population Peril | Complete Essay with Outline
Pollution – Impacts, Types, History and Control | Complete Essay with Outline
Top #5 Water Scarcity Issues in Pakistan Essays
Pakistan - from a “Water-Stressed” to a “Water-Scarce” Country | Complete Essay with Outline
Climate Woes and Population | Complete Essay with Outline
Environmental Governance – The Case of Pakistan | Complete Essay with Outline
__________________
For More Essays please visit Essayspedia.
Reply With Quote
  #2  
Old 1 Week Ago
Naeem Javid's Avatar
Divisional Forest Officer
 
Join Date: Jul 2012
Location: Mastung, Balochistan, Pakistan
Posts: 51
Thanks: 8
Thanked 13 Times in 12 Posts
Naeem Javid is on a distinguished road
Smile Here is a gift for you :)

Follow the link to get the Largest Collection of*Download FREE Books/Notes for all Public Service Commission (PSC) Examinations including FPSC/KPSC/PPSC/BPSC/SPSC or CSS/PMS/PCS/IAS/Tehsildar, etc and other Competitive Examinations.*
https://techurdu.net/download-free-books-notes/

&

Follow the link to get the Largest Collection of Download FREE Books/Reports/Thesis/Term Papers/Publications/Powerpoint Presentations/Estimates, etc on Forestry/Wildlife and other Environmental Sciences.
https://forestrypedia.com/important-downloads/
__________________
For More Essays please visit Essayspedia.
Reply With Quote
Reply

Tags
css essays, essayspedia, plastic, pollution, techurdu

Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Trackbacks are On
Pingbacks are On
Refbacks are On


Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
ABC of Essay Writing-with Examples ad Intros Chintoo2010 Essay 14 Wednesday, February 13, 2019 06:50 PM
Solved Everyday Science Papers Dilrauf General Science & Ability 9 Thursday, January 03, 2019 12:23 PM
Essay Tips and Tricks Compiled from JWT marwatone Essay 0 Monday, January 05, 2015 12:01 PM
Essay on the Future of Pakistan: Possible Scenarios Amna Essays 2 Thursday, June 28, 2012 12:15 PM
HAZARDS of Plastic Bags..... prieti General Science & Ability 0 Friday, March 23, 2007 05:16 PM


CSS Forum on Facebook Follow CSS Forum on Twitter

Disclaimer: All messages made available as part of this discussion group (including any bulletin boards and chat rooms) and any opinions, advice, statements or other information contained in any messages posted or transmitted by any third party are the responsibility of the author of that message and not of CSSForum.com.pk (unless CSSForum.com.pk is specifically identified as the author of the message). The fact that a particular message is posted on or transmitted using this web site does not mean that CSSForum has endorsed that message in any way or verified the accuracy, completeness or usefulness of any message. We encourage visitors to the forum to report any objectionable message in site feedback. This forum is not monitored 24/7.

Sponsors: ArgusVision   vBulletin, Copyright ©2000 - 2019, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.