Wednesday, December 07, 2016
05:25 PM (GMT +5)

Go Back   CSS Forums > CSS Compulsory Subjects > Pakistan Affairs

Reply Share Thread: Submit Thread to Facebook Facebook     Submit Thread to Twitter Twitter     Submit Thread to Google+ Google+    
 
LinkBack Thread Tools Search this Thread
  #1  
Old Sunday, May 02, 2010
hafiz ishtiaq ahmad's Avatar
Senior Member
Medal of Appreciation: Awarded to appreciate member's contribution on forum. (Academic and professional achievements do not make you eligible for this medal) - Issue reason:
 
Join Date: Mar 2009
Location: kot radha kishen,kasur
Posts: 531
Thanks: 922
Thanked 585 Times in 325 Posts
hafiz ishtiaq ahmad is just really nicehafiz ishtiaq ahmad is just really nicehafiz ishtiaq ahmad is just really nicehafiz ishtiaq ahmad is just really nicehafiz ishtiaq ahmad is just really nice
Default first martial law in pakistan imposed by?

seniors plz confirm this point that 1st martial law in pakistan imposed by?
1- ayub khan
2- sikandar mirza

in carvan publishers gk book 1st martial law imposed by sikandar mirza
and first chief martial law administrator was ayub khan
while in sohail bhatti book this was imposed by ayub khan

remember this point sikandar mirza dissolved govt on 7oct1958
ayub became president on 27oct 1958

what's your answer?
__________________
The world suffers a lot, not because of the violence of bad people, but because of the silence of good people.
Reply With Quote
  #2  
Old Sunday, May 02, 2010
Mubashir Asif's Avatar
Member
 
Join Date: Sep 2009
Location: Lahore
Posts: 58
Thanks: 71
Thanked 50 Times in 28 Posts
Mubashir Asif is on a distinguished road
Default Sikandar Mirza

Pakistan

Martial law has been declared in Pakistan three times. In the first instance President Iskander Mirza abrogated the Constitution in 1958 and declared Martial Law over the country. The second instance was when General Yahya Khan declared martial law in March, 1969 after Mirza's successor, General Ayub Khan handed over power to him. The 3rd Martial Law declared by the General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq.

After several tumultuous years, which witnessed the secession of East Pakistan, politician Zulfikar Ali Bhutto took over in 1971 as the first civilian martial law administrator in recent history, imposing selective martial law in areas hostile to his rule, such as the country's largest province, Balochistan. Following widespread civil disorder, General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq overthrew Bhutto and imposed martial law in its totality on July 5, 1977 in a bloodless coup d'état. Unstable areas were brought under control through indirect military action, such as Balochistan under Martial Law Governor, General Rahimuddin Khan. Civilian government resumed in 1988 following General Zia's death in an aircraft crash.

On October 12, 1999, the government of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif was dissolved, and the Army took control once more. But no Martial Law was imposed. General Pervez Musharraf took the title of Chief Executive until the President Rafiq Tarar resigned and General Musharraf became President. Elections were held in October 2002 and Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali became Prime Minister. Jamali premiership was followed by Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain and Shaukat Aziz. While the government was supposed to be run by the elected Prime Minister, there was a common understanding that important decisions were made by the President General Parvez Musharraf.

On November 3, 2007, President General Pervez Musharraf declared the state of emergency in the country which is claimed to be equivalent to the state of Martial Law as the constitution of Pakistan of 1973, was suspended, and the Chief Justices of the Supreme Court were fired.

On November 12, 2007, President General Pervez Musharraf issued some amendments in the Military Act, which gave the Armed forces some additional powers.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martial_law#Pakistan
__________________
"On a long enough timeline, the survival rate for everyone drops to zero."
Reply With Quote
  #3  
Old Sunday, May 02, 2010
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Aug 2009
Posts: 112
Thanks: 23
Thanked 41 Times in 33 Posts
javed_iqbal7863 is on a distinguished road
Default

Martial law is the military rule imposed by military authorities. First time , in Pakistan, It was imposed by Ayub Kahan, the then Commander-in-chief. In fact,
Sikandar Mirza was president at that time, he invited Ayub Khan to impose martial law. with the coaction of Ayub Khan, the president Sikandar Mirza announced martial law on October 7, 1958, Ayub Khan was made its chief martial law administrator.
Reply With Quote
  #4  
Old Sunday, May 02, 2010
Xeric's Avatar
Provincial Civil Service
Medal of Appreciation: Awarded to appreciate member's contribution on forum. (Academic and professional achievements do not make you eligible for this medal) - Issue reason: PMS / PCS Award: Serving PMS / PCS (BS 17) officers are eligible only. - Issue reason: Diligent Service Medal: Awarded upon completion of 5 years of dedicated services and contribution to the community. - Issue reason:
 
Join Date: Aug 2007
Posts: 2,650
Thanks: 429
Thanked 2,183 Times in 565 Posts
Xeric has a brilliant futureXeric has a brilliant futureXeric has a brilliant futureXeric has a brilliant futureXeric has a brilliant futureXeric has a brilliant futureXeric has a brilliant futureXeric has a brilliant futureXeric has a brilliant futureXeric has a brilliant futureXeric has a brilliant future
Default

I agree with Javed Iqbal. On Oct 7, 1958 President Iskandar Mirza imposed Martial Law with the help of army, abrogated Constitution of 1956 and appointed General Ayub Khan as Chief Martial Law Administrator. However, Ayub Khan arrested Iskandar Mirza after one week, exiled him to Britain and assumed all the powers. Although imposition of that Martial Law is referred to Iskandar Mirza, practically it was successful due to the help of army and the then army chief was Ayub Khan, that’s why First Martial in Pakistan is attributed to Ayub Khan.
__________________
No matter how fast i run or how far i go it wont escape me, pain, misery, emptiness.
Reply With Quote
The Following User Says Thank You to Xeric For This Useful Post:
Gohar Arslan (Sunday, November 15, 2015)
Reply

Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Trackbacks are On
Pingbacks are On
Refbacks are On


Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
Pakistan's History From 1947-till present Sumairs Pakistan Affairs 9 2 Weeks Ago 06:13 PM
development of pakistan press since 1947 Janeeta Journalism & Mass Communication 14 Wednesday, November 11, 2015 12:03 PM
History of Presidentship in Pakistan Naseer Ahmed Chandio General Knowledge, Quizzes, IQ Tests 1 Tuesday, May 31, 2011 04:00 PM
Happy Independence Day Argus Birthdays & Greetings 110 Sunday, August 15, 2010 12:44 AM
indo-pak relations atifch Current Affairs 0 Monday, December 11, 2006 09:01 PM


CSS Forum on Facebook Follow CSS Forum on Twitter

Disclaimer: All messages made available as part of this discussion group (including any bulletin boards and chat rooms) and any opinions, advice, statements or other information contained in any messages posted or transmitted by any third party are the responsibility of the author of that message and not of CSSForum.com.pk (unless CSSForum.com.pk is specifically identified as the author of the message). The fact that a particular message is posted on or transmitted using this web site does not mean that CSSForum has endorsed that message in any way or verified the accuracy, completeness or usefulness of any message. We encourage visitors to the forum to report any objectionable message in site feedback. This forum is not monitored 24/7.

Sponsors: ArgusVision   vBulletin, Copyright ©2000 - 2016, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.