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Old Saturday, May 09, 2009
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current problems in International Politics
1. How would a realist analyze the current problems in International Politics. (2005)

a) Control of Mass destruction weapons;

(b) Terrorism;

(c) Human rights violations;

(d) Politics of environmental protection


Q.2. what are the main problems in defining ‘terrorism’? Also narrate the implications of the “War on Terrorism” for International Law. (2006)
CURRENT ISSUES OF THAT TIME
1. Critically evaluate the recently signed Middle East peace formula between Yasir Arafat and Prime Minister Robin.(1993)
2. 6. The recent Sham elections in Kashmir cannot be substituted for the right of self determination. Comment.(1996)
●Power Balance of power
1. In the context of its nature, purpose and devices, how does balance of power influence regional systems? (2005)
2. The concept of balance of power has played an important part in the political history of Europe. Describe this in detail. (1991)
3. Critically evaluate the concept of balance of power.(1993)
4. Describe the concept of balance of power and critically evaluate its relevance to the maintenance of international order at present.(1995)
5. Define power and analyze its elements.(1996)
6. . Define Balance of Power and discuss in detail the Devices for maintaining the Balance of Power.(1998)
7. "It is the national power both Tangible and Intangible that determines the actual as well as potential power of state". In the light of this statement discuss in detail the nature the attributes of national power.(2002)

• Regional security issues and crises
• Afghanistan crises
• Middle East Peace Conference
• Iran Iraq War
• Palestine Problem
• Apartheid & South Africa
• Euro communism
• Namibia
• Polish crises
• Central American crisisIran Iraq War
• DECOLONIZATION
• KASHMIR
• Terrorism
What were the historical causes of the Iran-Iraq war? How was it brought to an end? Describe the present day Gulf scenario. (1991)
1. (b) Euro-communism(2003)
2. Write notes on TWO of the following A) De-colonization(2000)
3. (c) Euro Communism(2000)
4. Europeans transformed Westphalian System of States into empires during 16th, 17th and 18th centuries to increase their Wealth and Power.” Elucidate the statement.(2007)
5. The recent Sham elections in Kashmir cannot be substituted for the right of self determination. Comment.(1996)
6. Write down the latest developments on the Palestine Question. Do you think that it can be resolved in the near future? Give your observations.(1999)
7. Write notes on any TWO of the following: (d) Palestine Problem.(2001)
8. State the conditions for the 'Road Map' of the Palestian state. What are the hurdles in its implementation? (2003)
9. (b) Terrorism(2005)
10. What are the main problems in defining ‘terrorism’? Also narrate the implications of the “War on Terrorism” for International Law.(2006)
11. Expfain the following with examples: (b) Balance to Terror(2004)

The modern state system
1. Trace the evolution of the modern state system and bring out clearly its distinctive features. (1991)
2. Is the concept of modern Nation-State being eroded? Discuss quoting specific instances.(1992)
3. What types of pressure a state faces within the existing international political system.(1993)
4. 1. Describe and discuss the concept of Nation-State and evaluate its future in the light of certain recent developments.(1994)
5. 1. Define modern states system and discuss its main features.(1996)
6. Trace the evolution of modern state System and discuss the basic features of Modern Nation-State.(1999)
7. (d) Deng’s Policy of “one country two systems”.(1999)
8. President Bush's invasion of Afghanistan and Iraq, without sound genuine reasons has made the future of the Modern Nation State doubtful. Do you agree? Give reasons for your answer.(2003)

The human rights movement
1. . Describe and discuss the human rights movement in the world today.(1994)

• Interaction b/w the states
• Importance of IR

• Diplomacy

• International Law

• International economic
and trade linkages
• Pressure in World politics


1. Discuss the main features of track-two diplomacy. How is it different from traditional diplomacy?(1997)
2. What are the modes of Diplomacy? In the context of the present day world do you think the functions of the Diplomat have increased?(1998)
3. International Law is a significant instrument in regulating
conduct of states and International Organizations. Discuss .(2001)
4. Write notes on any TWO of the following: b) International Law and International Morality.(2001)
5. The relations between the sovereign states of the world are becoming one of the most important aspects of contemporary life. Evaluate with reference to the importance of international relations. (2005)
6. International system creates interactions among states through diplomacy, international law, and economic relations. Comments.(2005)
7. What are the main problems in defining ‘terrorism’? Also narrate the implications of the “War on Terrorism” for International Law.(2006)

8. The introduction of the concepts of'Unilateralism and pre-emptive Strike'1 by President Bush has eroded the basis of International law and Diplomacy, in inter state relations. Discuss.(2003)

9. d. International Law?(2002)
10. Do you agree that in contemporary International Relations, International Economic and Trade linkages are being used as pressure tactics in inter-State Relations.(2000)
11. Describe interactions among Nations through diplomacy for establishing balance of power to preserve their National Interest.(2007)
• Foreign Policies of the super powers,major
• powers with special reference to south Asia(
• Pak &India) USA

• China

• USSR

• Maastricht Treaty
1. Describe the causes for the dissolution of the former USSR and its impact on international political and strategic relationships. .(1992)


2. Will China become an Economic Super Power in 21st century? What should US-Policy be towards the modernization of China? (2005)

3. Q.2. How does domestic politics influence foreign policy decision making? Explain with reference to Pakistan’s policy towards India. (2006)

4. Is China’s South Asian policy undergoing a change? Discuss China’s South Asian policy in the light of recent developments.(1993)

5. Critically discuss the prospects of the emergence of the United States of Europe after the conclusion of the Maastricht Treaty.(1994)

6. 5. Describe and discuss the US foreign policy towards South Asia.(1995)

7. Critically examine the working and significance of the Concert of Europe.(1997)

8. In the modern era the foreign policy is directly affected by the economic conditions of a country. Discuss.(2001)

9. What are the actual and potential in South Asia has greatly enhanced the prospects of peace in International Relations?(1998)

10. Critically evaluate American Foreign Policy towards afghanistan.(2001)
11. Explain the future of Disarmament with reference to the foreign policy Of major Powers. .(2001)
12. Evaluate the Sino-Pak nexus in the light of changing geo-politico-economic scenario of the region(2004)
13. In your opinion what are the distinguishing features in a profile of American foreign policy sinch 1990?(2002)
14. analyse and elaborate the changes in Chinese foreign policy since the death of Mao dse dung.(2002)
15. (d) Pak-China relations in the 1990s(2000)
16. Define the present "Russian Doctrine" and discuss its impact on Pakistan and India.(2000)
17. How do you perceive US military engagement in Afghanistan and Iraq and its implications in near future(2007)
• Crisis Management
• Limited war
• Détente
• Deterrence
• ARMS CONTROL & DISARMAMENT
• Theories of and security and peace in nuclear AGE
• Clash of Civilizations’
1. What is nuclear deterrence? Is it an appropriate Policy? What are alternatives to nuclear deterrence? (2005)
2. Explain the impact of India-Pakistan nuclearisation on strategic stability in South Asia. (2006)
3. Describe the various regional approaches to nuclear non-proliferation and their significance for South-Asia. .(1992)
4. Analyze the factors that keep a war limited.(1993)
5. Do you agree that Disarmament is a utopia? Narrate the chronology of events since 1960 for the achievement of this objective.(1998)
6. The Nuclear Balance of Power in South Asia has greatly enhanced the prospects of peace in the region. Evaluate the currents situation(1998)
7. Write an essay on the concept and theory of “Deterrence”.(1998)
8. Define the concept of Détente and make a survey of the policy of Détente between the Super Powers.(1999)
9. (b) Deterrence Theory(1999)
10. "Balance of terror and not of Power is helpful in maintaining Peace in the nuclear Power age Comment.(2001)
11. Write notes on any TWO of the following: (a) Limited War .(2001)
12. Define Detente. Is a Detente possible between India and Pakistan? Give your arguments.(2003)
13. 6. Write notes on the following:
(a) Deterrence
(b) Peaceful co-existence
(c) Perestroika.
14. Explain the following with examples c) Entente (d) Co-existence a) Hostile Embargo(2004)
15. b. Detent?(2002)
16. b) Crisis Management(2000)
17. Comparatively analyze the basic philosophy of International Relations, “Peace and Security” has been challenged by the emerging “Economic Regionalism and Military Technologies”.
18. The post Cold War, World Order promised Peace, Security, Democracy, Nuclear Non-proliferation and Human Rights protection. Assess its repercussions at present confronted by the world community in the context of Terrorism, Nuclear Proliferation, Globalization and erosion of Human Dignity.
Explain the future of Disarmament with reference to the foreign policy Of major Powers. .(2001
▪Afghanistan crises
• Geneva Accords

1. Give the salient features of the Geneva Accords on Afghanistan. What in your view will be the future scenario and what should Pakistan do to protect its interests? (1991)
●Non Aligned Movement
1. The non-Aligned Movement has recorded achievements and failures. Review its activities and discuss what role it can play in the unipolar world which appears to be emerging. (1991)
2. What is the future of the Non-Aligned Movement?(1997)
3. a. NAM?(2002)
4. Define Non-Aligned Movement? Make an appraisal of its role and discuss the future of NAM(2000)

World War 1
World War 2
Cold War
1. Critically discuss the origin and developments of the Cold War in the post-World War II era.(1993)
2. 3. Describe and discuss the end of the Cold War and its consequences on world politics.(1994)
3. Critically examine the causes of the First World War.(1996)
4. Discuss the causes of the Second World War.(1997)
5. Discuss the causes of the Second World War.(1999)

• Middle East Peace Conference

• Emergence of independent Central Asian State.

1. What are the prospects of the current Middle East Peace Conference? .(1992)
2. Discuss the political, strategic and economic implications of the emergence of independent Central Asian States.(1992)
3. . Critically evaluate the chances of lasting peace in the Middle East in the light of certain recent developments there.(1994)
4. Critically evaluate the future of Central Asia republics in the face of political, economic and security problems confronting them.(1995)
5. .Middle East peace process is in doldrums. Discuss.
(a) Impediments to Middle East peace process
(b) Future prospects and peace efforts.(2004)

• Muslim world
• Economic liberalization and
• Democratization.
Q.1 what are the principal challenges and potential opportunities for economic liberalization and democratization in the Muslim world? (2006)


●Nuclear proliferation
1. A)Control of Mass destruction weapons.(2005)
2. What is Nuclear Proliferation? How far the United States of America is justified in pursuing the. policy of Non-proliferation towards North Korea and Iran?(2003)
3. Define the Politics of Nuclear Proliferation. How far the super powers have been responsible for the proliferation of Nuclear weapons.(2000)
4. Discuss the role of Nuclear Diplomacy in South Asia with particular reference to, “US Indian Nuclear deal has activated Indo-Russian Nuclear Cooperation”.(2007)

• International organizations in dealing withthe global problems esp UN

• WTO

• OIC
1. How effective arc international organizations in dealing with the global problems. Discuss with particular reference to the UN from 1945 to present. (2005)
2. The role of the United Nations in the maintenance of international peace and security. Discuss. .(1992)
3. Critically evaluate the performance of the United Nations and discuss the prospects the Organization holds for the world peace it the future.(1995)
4. The formation of World Trade Organization (WTO) is designed to perpetuate the Economic domination of the Third World by the Developed Countries. Express your views with sound arguments.(1999)
5. OIC has failed to foster Pan Islamic unity and solidarity to meet the challenges faced by the Ummah in a spirit of cooperation and collective action. Indeed it is an important forum that needs complete overhauling/restructuring. Comment and suggest measures to make it effective.(2004)
6. c. WTO?(2002)
7. The two great wars had dismantled colonialism and created Third World and Non-Alignment Movement. How did the UN justify its role in the World Affaris.(2007)

Interaction b/w the states
1. The relations between the sovereign states of the world are becoming one of the most important aspects of contemporary life. Evaluate with reference to the importance of international relations. (2005)
IR as a field of study
1. International Relations is a study of the world community in transition. Discuss. (1991)
2. Discuss the importance of International Relations as a field of study.(1997)
3. (a) Scope of International Relations(1999)
4. International Relations is a Separate discipline! Discuss.(2001)
5. 1. The age of isolation is over. The modern states act and behave as member of the international community. Qualify the statement with reference to the following:
(a) Definition and scope of International Relations. b) Nature and utility of the subject.(2004)
6. . Define International Relations. Discuss its scope and importance of the study of International Relations.(2000)
• Rise of the third world Alliance system
• NATO
• SEATO
• WARSAW PACT
• CENTO
• SAARC
• The New World Order” and its significance for the Third World countries

1. What factors were responsible for the creation of the WARSAW and NATO Pacts at the end of World War II? Are these alliances now obsolete? If so, why? (1991)
2. . What do you understand by the expression “The New World Order” and its significance for the Third World countries? .(1992)
3. What are the prospects of SAARC to become a more effective instrument for regional cooperation? .(1992)
4. . Describe and discuss the question of expansion of NATO following the end of the Cold War.(1995)
5. Can NATO’s continuing existence and expansion be justified in the post cold war era?(1997)
6. (c) NATO (1999)
7. (c) SEATO(2001)
“Notwithstanding its recent expansion NATO should be disbanded because the purpose for which it was established exists no more". Do you agree with this statement? Give reasons.(2002
• Neo-Liberalism &Classical Liberalism/Idealism
• Imperialism
• regionalism and its impact on international relations
• Nationalism
• Neo-Realism &Classical Realism


1. Critically evaluate the theory of structural imperialism.(1994)
2. Explain, with examples, the main principles of the NEO-REALIST SCHOOL OF THOUGHT in International Relations. How does Neo-Realism differ from Classical Realism?(2006)
3. Explain, with examples, the main principles of the NEO-LIBERAL SCHOOL OF THOUGHT in International Relations. How does Neo-Liberalism differ from Classical Liberalism/Idealism? (2006)
4. Explain, with examples, the main principles of the NEO-REALIST SCHOOL OF THOUGHT in International Relations. How does Neo-Realism differ from Classical Realism? (2005)
5. Critically evaluate the realist theory of international politics.(1995)

6. Define Economic Imperialism. How far it is correct to say that the G-7 countries have embarked upon Economic Imperialism in the Third World through WTO and Multi-National Corporations?(2003)

7. Nationalism has been major cause of conflicts. Justify with special reference to the following:
(a) Western concept of Nationalism
(b) Islamic concept(2004)

8. Evaluate the Sino-Pak nexus in the light of changing geo-politico-economic scenario of the region(2004)

9. Define the concept of Nationalism. It has contributed to the further division of state in the world but on the contrary leading to the unification of Western Europe. Give your observation. (1999)
10. "Globalization” and "Regionalism ". Do you think these terms are antagonistic or complimentary? Give examples in your arguments.(2002)
11. Trace the emergence of regionalism and its impact on international relations. .(1992)

12. . Define Imperialism and discuss the Economic Theories of Imperialism(2000)
▪International economic order

1. Economic cooperation and not the military pacts are the need of time. Comment.(1996)
2. Do you agree with the view that contemporary international policies is all about international economics.(1997)
3. Economic realities compelled the members of the Developing World to demand for the establishment of a New International Economic Order. Analyze this statement.(1998)
4. The economic power determines the superiority and political domination of a country in International System? Discuss.(2004)
5. What are the major demands of the SOUTH against the NORTH for a New International Economic Order?(2002)
Evolution of the international
system since 1815●
(congress
of Vienna)
historical over view
1. E. congress of
Vienna. ?(2002)

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Old Saturday, May 09, 2009
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All the members of the forum are invited to make notes on the above said topics.And make analytical solution of each question.The questions from 2009 and 2008 papers are not included.It will be a great pleasure for me if you try to solve those questions first.You are earnestly requested to take part in these exercises.As its a colossal task that can't be done without your support.I am here only an initiator but you are the real contributers.


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