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Old Wednesday, April 19, 2023
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Post US History past papers from 2000 to 2023

Q. No. 2. Discuss the role & significance of geopolitical features of Northwest Passage and Middle Passage in shaping the history of the US.
Q. No. 3. Why did President Andrew Jackson sign the Indian Removal Act for the exchange of land? Elaborate with rational arguments.
Q. No. 4. How the nativist thoughts formed the Know-Nothing political party and became a strong public voice in US? Explain with examples.
Q. No. 5. Discuss in detail the mainstream agenda of Theodore Roosevelt’s domestic-level Square Deal program.
Q. No. 6. Discuss in detail how the Iroquoian people and their cultural traits are associated with early American history.
Q. No. 7. How the strict-constructionist ideas of Jefferson and the loose-constructionist thoughts of Hamilton created major debates in domestic US politics? Provide comprehensive arguments.
Q. No. 8. Write short notes on any TWO of the following; (10 each)
(a) Missionary Diplomacy
(b) New Nationalism
(c) Border Ruffians
Q2. “The Revolution was effected before the war commenced. The Revolution was in the hearts and minds of the people”. Discuss it with reference to the American Revolution.
Q3. “Though the Philadelphia convention was convened to amend the Articles of Confederation. It resulted in the framing of an altogether Ile, constitution”. Discuss.
Q4. Compare and contrast the theories of government held by the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists.
Q5. Compare and contrast Jeffersonian and Jacksonian democracy.
Q6. Discuss the factors that led to the outbreak of the Cold War.
Q7. Critically examine the domestic policy of Harry S. Truman. Do you think it was an improvement over the policy of the New Deal?
Q8. Write analytical notes on any TWO of the following:
Watergate Scandal
US War on Terrorism
Dred Scott Decision

Q2. How the Anglo-American group came into existence in the seventeenth century and established its standards as paramount along the Atlantic seaboard of North America?
Q3. Discuss how George. W. Bush’s reliance on the neo-conservative elements within his decision-making team underscored their significant influence on American Policymaking?
Q4. As the largest and bloodiest conflict on American soil, the Civil War swept up nearly everyone into the fray. Hispanics were no exception, and as a result, they were significantly impacted by the conflict and shaped the conflict in important ways.
Q5. How Seneca Falls convention of 1848 led to the 19th Amendment in the US constitution? Discuss in detail.
Q6. New US India policy will pave the way towards Pakistan, China, and Russia block. Discuss with proper examples and evidence.
Q7. Foreign assistance is an essential instrument of U.S. foreign policy. Analyze with authentic and proper evidence that how this tool was used by the USA after the Second World War on a journey of becoming a sole superpower?
Q8. Write notes on any TWO of the following:
American sense of destiny
Revisionist views on US role in the cold war
Respect and hate for J.P Morgan
Q. No. 2. Amongst the Congress, the Judiciary, and the Executive branches of the United States Government, which one of the government branches is much more powerful and why? Elaborate through the prism of the US Separation of Powers and Checks and Balances systems.
Q. No. 3. Even though the Great Britain and the United States of America fought a Revolutionary War in the 1770s and the War of 1812, how did the two powers come closer in the later parts of the nineteenth and the twentieth centuries? Elaborate.
Q. No. 4. How did the American-Spanish War in 1898 raise the United States status as one of the leading world powers?
Q. No. 5. After the end of WWI (1914-1918), why the US President Woodrow Wilson failed to convince the US Congress to become part of the League of the Nations despite his longstanding efforts for the creation of this International Organization through the prism of his Fourteen Points?
Q. No. 6. In the wake of the WWII (1939-1945), two major powers the US and the Soviet Union emerged constituting a bipolar system. Elaborate conceptually if the bipolar world remained more peaceful and stable than the multi-polar word in the pre-World Wars era.
Q. No. 7. Since the creation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in 1949, why the United States desires to further expand NATO? Elaborate opportunities and challenges for the expansion of the NATO.
Q. No. 8. The tectonic plates of international politics seem to shift away from Europe to the Asia-
Pacific region, which the U.S. President Barak Obama had termed as a “pivot to Asia” or “rebalancing” strategy. In the light of changing geo-strategic environment, how could you see the rise of China vis-à-vis the U.S. geo-strategic interests in the Asia- Pacific region?
Q. No. 2. What were the economic challenges President Clinton faced in post-Cold War era? How did he deal with these challenges?
Q. No. 3. What were the factors which led to the formation of New England Confederation of
Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Connecticut and New Haven Colonies, in 1643?
Q. No. 4. Critically evaluate the presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt with reference to his accomplishment and failure.
Q. No. 5. The westward expansion was a story of annexations, concessions and purchases, since the declaration of Independence. Discuss.
Q. No. 6. American civil war (1860-1865) was an outcome of ‘clash of economic interests as
Well as of social ideals’. Elaborate with arguments.
Q. No. 7. What are the features of recent wave of Nationalism in American Foreign Policy under Trump Administration?
Q. No. 8. Discuss the philosophy of ‘Non-Violence’ with reference to Civil Rights’ Movement led by Martin Luther King Jr.
Q. No. 2. What is the variance between the Treaties of Paris in 1763 and 1783? Elaborate their significant effect on the US.
Q. No. 3. Why did American colonists criticized the Stamp Act of 1765? What was the Stamp Act Crisis and its repercussions on US society?
Q. No. 4. Discuss the factors that have contributed to the amended status of American women with a special allusion to the Modern Feminism.
Q. No. 5. Critically trace the African American Struggle for Equality and how many of them rose to the highest office.
Q. No. 6. Trace out the reasons of US economy augmentation in the post WW II era. (20)
Q. No. 7. “New US Afghan policy may push Pakistan towards China.” Assess theobservation in perception of the current deteriorating US-Pakistan relations.
Q. No. 8. Write an all-inclusive note on the beginning and end of the Cold War.
Q. No. 2. Discuss in detail the impact of British advent in USA. (20)
Q. No. 3. Write a critical note on the formation and structure of the USA Constitution. (20)
Q. No. 4. What factors led USA to emerge as a big power after the World War II? (20)
Q. No. 5. Discuss the Muslims’ perceptions of the USA. (20)
Q. No. 6. Highlight the role played by USA in some major international conflicts. (20)
Q. No. 7. Examine the merits and demerits of the US Election System to elect President. (20)
Q. No. 8. Write short notes on any TWO of the following: (10 each)
(a) Woodrow Wilson as President
(b) Pakistan and USA Relations after 9/11
(c) Expansion of USA during 1900-1949
Q. No. 2. The American Revolution was the child of Enlightenment. Comment. (20)
Q. No. 3. Discuss in detail the causes and effects of the Great Depression on the people and society of the United States of America.
Q. No. 4. How urban life was affected in USA during first two stages of industrialization? (20)
Q. No. 5. What factors led Blacks to start the Civil Rights Movements? Discuss the role of Courts and State in giving rights to the blacks.
Q. No. 6. What economic problems were faced by Ronald Reagan and how his government dealt with economic crisis?
Q. No. 7. “The Bush Doctrine is the name given to a set of foreign policy guidelines”. Comment.
Q. No. 8. Write short notes on any TWO of the following: (10 each)
(a) Dollar diplomacy (b) Eisenhower doctrine
(c) U-2 incident
Q. No. 2. Since the Declaration of Independence, the Westward expansion was a story of annexations, concession and purchases. Discuss.
Q. No. 3. Discuss the trends and causes leading to the expansion of federal government’s power in the U.S.
Q. No. 4. What are the sources of Revenues and Funds of government in the U.S.? Is it true to say that the Americans pay taxes for civic facilities
Q. No. 5. Compare the Lockean philosophy with the American Political thought. (20)
Q. No. 6. Evaluate the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003. How far the American policymakers remained successful in achieving their goals?
Q. No. 7. In what respect did the philosophy and rationale of Jacksonian democracy differ from those of Jeffersonian?
Q. No. 8. Write short notes on any TWO of the following: (10 each)
(a) Federal Securities (b) Natural Aristocracy of Thomas Jefferson
(c) Monroe Doctrine
Q. No. 2. Discuss the conditions that led Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Connecticut and New
Haven Colonies to form the New England Confederation in 1643. (20)
Q. No. 3. It is said that between the two great wars – The American Civil War and the First World War America transformed. Discuss how a rural republic transformed into an urban nation in less than 50 years. (20)
Q. No. 4. The Declaration of Independence 1776 actually shapes the way Americans live their lives. Discuss. (20)
Q. No. 5. Richard Nixon had many accomplishments as well as failures as the President of the U.S. Critically evaluate. (20)
Q. No. 6. The U.S. President can quite literally be called the President of world. Examine this statement in the light of the events of the late 20th and early 21st Centuries. (20)
Q. No. 7. Did the U.S. succeed in its attempt to create a New World Order at the end of the Cold War? Discuss with arguments. (20)
Q. No. 8. Write concise NOTES on any TWO of the following: (10 each)
(a) George Washington
(b) Desert Strom
(c) Tammany Hall
Q.2. Discuss Thomas Jefferson as President, politician and political theorist. (20)
Q.3. Discuss the impact of Jackson presidency on American politics of the time. (20)
Q.4. Examine the events and developments that pushed the American Nation towards the Civil war.
Q.5. Discuss the internal and external factors that let the U.S. on an imperialist path at the end of the 19th century
Q.6. Discuss the American efforts to build a New World Order after the end of the Cold war. Comment on its success or failure.
Q.7. Critically examine U.S. role as a peace maker in the post-Cold war era, with particular reference to the Balkans and South Asia.
Q.8. Write concise notes on any TWO of the following:
(a) Benjamin Franklin (b) Marbury vs Madison
(c) Korean war (d) Watergate scandal

Q. 2. “The American first war with Britain made them independent; the second made them a
Formidable power”. Discuss. (20)
Q. 3. What were the tribulations of the US President Woodrow Wilson in the post WW I era to
Convince the other three associates to his own point of view? (20)
Q. 4. Trace out the grounds of augmentation of the US financial system in the post-WW II epoch. (20)
Q. 5. Critically evaluate Richard Nixon’s accomplishments and failures during his Presidency. (20)
Q. 6. Write a comprehensive note on the Civil Rights Movement with a particular mention to the American Women and the Blacks. (20)
Q. 7. Will the 21st century as well be an American Century or will the USA be obscured by new superpowers like China or the European Union? (20)
Q. 8. Write concise notes on any two of the following:
(a) The beginning and the end of the Cold War.
(b) What was the Dulles Doctrine?
(c) The Japanese American Internment.
(d) The Modern Feminism in the USA.
Q.2. Some American historians insist that the American Revolution was a social upheaval as well as a political revolt. Discuss the social and economic results of the Revolutionary Years. (20)
Q.3. In what ways did the philosophy and purposes of Jacksonian democracy differ from those of the Jeffersonian democrats? (20)
Q.4. Give an estimate of the tenure of Harry S. Truman with particular reference to Cold War. (20)
Q.5. Discuss evolution of Muslim Community in the US. (20)
Q.6. Discuss US financial crises and Obama policy to put the house in order. (20)
Q.7. Discuss American foreign policy towards Afghanistan since 9/11 and her exit strategy. (20)
Q.8. Write short notes on ANY TWO of the following: (10 + 10 = 20)
(i) The Atlantic Charter. (ii) The Monroe Doctrine
(iii) War of 1812 (iv) Malcolm-X

Q.2. Discuss the factors that led to the war of American Independence. Also analyse the reasons for the growing popularity of Independence. (20)
Q.3. Discuss the struggle between the Federalists and anti-Federalists in America (1787-1800). What were their respective political and economic ideas? (20)
Q.4. “President Andrew Jackson was a People’s President.” Discuss. (20)
Q.5. The American Constitution is a system of “checks and balances.” Discuss. (20)
Q.6. What do you know about the Water Gate Scandal? What lesson the American national had learnt from it? (20)
Q.7. Write comprehensively on the American Foreign Policy towards Pakistan in the light of 9/11 and War on Terror. (20)
Q.8. Write short notes on ANY TWO of the following: (20)
(i) George Washington
(ii) The issue of slavery
(iii) The Great Depression
(iv) U.Z Incident
Q.2. Why England failed to take the initiative in the colonization of the American continent? What factors were responsible for the British interest in establishing their colonies in the areas that are now part of the United States of America? (20)
Q.3. What were the major flaws in the Articles of Confederation (the first constitution of the United States of America) that led to the Philadelphia Convention and the drafting of a new constitution? Discuss the salient features of the present constitution of the United States of America. (20)
Q.4. Thomas Jefferson was termed “a bull in the china closet” by the Federalists when he became the President of the United States of America but his policies and performance negated this impression. Discuss. (20)
Q.5. Discuss the major factors responsible for the ‘sectional divide’ between the Northern and the Southern states of the United States of America that finally led to the American Civil War. (20)
Q.6. Discuss in the details the causes and effects of the Great Depression on the people and society of the United States of America. (20)
Q.7. Write a comprehensive note on the Black Civil Rights Movement in America for equal civil rights and the role played in it by different individuals and organizations. (20)
Q.8. Write short notes on ANY TWO of the following: (20)
(i) The Truman Doctrine and the Marshal Plan
(ii) The Watergate Scandal
(iii) The Scandals and controversies involving President William Jefferson Bill Clinton
(iv) The U.S. foreign policy in the light of 9/11 and the War on Terror
Q.2 Describe in detail the colonial period in the history of United States of America. (20)
Q.3 Describe the reasons that lead to the war of Independence. What part did the dislike of mercantilism play in this war ? (20)
Q.4 What developments lead to the war of 1812? How did the war increase American prestige? (20)
Q.5 Jackson has been called the first modern President because he was the first to see the power which a President might exercise – Discuss. (20)
Q.6 Give the salient features of the Constitution of the USA. (20)
Q.7 How has the American foreign policy strategy been altered by America’s war on terror? How has this influenced American relations with Pakistan?
Q.8 Write short notes on any TWO of the following:
a.FDR and the new deal
b.Andrew Jackson
c.The Bush doctrine
d.TRUMAN’s statement on fundamentals of American Foreign Polocy in 1945.
1. What were the factors that ushered in the democratic era and the rise of the common man with the election of Andrew Jackson to the presidency in 1928?
2. Was the institution of slavery in the Southern States responsible for the Civil War? Discuss with examples.
3. How did Jeffersonian Democratic thinking differ in philosophy and purpose from the Jacksonian democracy?
4. President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1933 said “This great nation will endure as it has endured, will revive and prosper”. Explain in light of the FDR presidency and the New Deal.
5. President Woodrow Wilson said in 1917 “The world must be made safe for democracy. Its peace must be planted upon tested foundations of political liberty. We have no selfish ends to serve. We desire no conquest, no dominion …” Discuss what your consider to be the main reason for the United Staes entry into World War I. Give reasons for your choice.
6. The Bush Doctrine is the name given to a set of foreign policy guidelines first unveiled by President George Bush in his commencement speech to the graduating class of West Point given on June 1, 2002. Explain with arguments.
7. Write short notes on any two of the following:
(a) Navigation Act of 1660
(b) The Declaration of Independence
(c) The Monroe Doctrine
(d) The war on terror
Q1- “The American War of Independence was a revolt against Mercantilism.” Discuss.
Q2- Write comprehensively about the struggle between the Federalists and anti-Fedreralists from 1787 to 1800 in the USA.
Q3- “President Andrew Jackson was a people’s president.” Discuss.
Q4- How do you think the foreign Policy of USA concerning Europe and Japan between the two world wars can be held responsible for the World War II?
Q5- Describe the salient features of the constitution of USA.
Q6- Discuss briefly the USA relations with Pakistan from the earliest time.
Q7- Write short notes on any two of the following
i- The issue of slavery in USA
ii- The great depression 1929
iii- President F D Roosevelt
iv- The cold war
1. Some American historians insist that the American Revolution was a social upheaval as well as a political revolt. Discuss the social and economic results of the Revolutionary years.
2. What is Monroe Doctrine? On what occasions has it been enforced and with what results?
3. Assess the contributions of President Woodrow Wilson to the problem of world peace and security.
4. Compare and contrast the views of each of the following towards the institution of slavery in the United States. Charles Summer, Stephen A. Douglas, Abraham Lincoln.
5. Highlight salient aspects of American foreign policy since World War II.
6. What do you understand by ‘Manifest Destiny’? What fruits it bore in the shape of expansion of United States?
7. Write short notes on any TWO of the following:
(a) Compromise of 1850
(b) Jay’s Treaty
(c) War with England 1812
(d) NATO
1. - Explain the characteristics of Colonial assemblies and representative government from 1776 to 1789.
2. Discuss Jefferson's decision to purchase the Louisiana Territory, and explain the political and economic impact of this decision on the United States.
3. What are the Salient features of Andrew Jackson's Presidency and Democracy?
4. Account for America's emergence as an imperialist -colonialist power after 1898.
5. Woodrow Wilson had said, "We had a chance to gain the leadership for the world. We have lost it, and soon we shall be witnessing the tragedy of it all". Comment upon America's attitude towards Treaty of Versailles.
6. After World War-II the dominant focus of the U.S. policy had been anti-Communism on global scale. Discuss.
7. Write short but analytical notes on any TWO of the following:
(a) Progressive Movement.
(b) Watergate Scandal.
(c) President F.D. Roosevelt.
(d) Issue of Slavery in America.
1. Americans are called ‘a Nation of Nations’ very briefly describe the different waves of immigrants that came to the US. Has America been a ‘melting pot’ or a ‘mixing bowl’?
2. The American Revolution was the child of Enlightenment. Comment.
3. Who were FEDERALISTS? What were their political views and economic vision for the US?
4. American Civil War (1860-65) was a clash of economic interests as well as of Social Ideals. Elaborate.
5. Between 1877 and 1900 the American Society was transformed from being agrarian and rural to being industrial and urban. What factors and forces helped to bring about this change?
6. Write short but analytical notes on any TWO of the following:
(i) POPULSM of the 1890s.
(ii) The Jazz Age.
(iii) McCarthyism
(iv) US War on terrorism
7. The NEW DEAL was to save capitalism but ironically it was denounced by the Capitalist Class. Why
1. In what way did the philosophy and purpose of Jacksonian democracy differ from those of the Jeffersonian democrats?
2. One of the bitterest fruits of westward expansion was the intensification of the slavery controversy. Do you agree with this statement? Support your answer with specific incidents.
3. Evaluate the presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
4. ‘The United States would do whatever it is able to do to assist in the return of normal economic health in the world, without which there can be no political stability and no assured peace.’ Discuss in the light of Marshall Plan.
5. Discuss, ‘War against Terror’ as an instrument of US foreign policy.
6. Since the Declaration of Independence Westward expansion is a story of annexations cessions and purchases. Elaborate.
7. Write short notes on any TWO of the following:
(a) Missouri Compromise 1820
(b) Wilson’s Fourteen Points
(c) Truman Doctrine
(d) New World Order
1. The American Constitution is a system of “Checks and Balances”. Discuss.
2. Thomas Jefferson described his election to the American Presidency in 1800 as “the Second American Revolution”. Was the claim justified? Support your answer with evidence.
3. Critically examine the significance of the issue of Slavery in American history.
4. Discuss the progress of the Progressive Movement in the United States between 1900-1916.
5. Evaluate the Presidency of the Abraham Lincoln.
6. Evaluate briefly America’s political and military involvement in Iraq since Iran-Iraq War.
7. Write short notes on any TWO of the following:
(a) Impact of the tragic terrorist attack on September 11, 2001 on World Trade Centre.
(b) Waterloo Scandal
(c) Woodrow Wilson
(d) Monroe Doctrine.
1. President John Adams inherited George Washington’s policy problems but not his aura of leadership. Elaborate.
2. The American Civil War brought revolutionary dangers in warfare, but more important, produced significant economic and political reconstruction in the country. Discuss.
3. Monroe Doctrine was a Charter of America’s Isolation. Still what circumstances compelled U.S.A. to plunge into the World Wars.
4. Describe Pan-Americanism with special reference to Latin American Republics.
5. J.F. Kennedy was many men. He was a statesman and politician. Analyze his domestic reforms.
6. What are the sources of government Revenues and Funds in U.S.A.? Is it true to say that the Americans pay taxes for civilized society?
7. Write short notes on any TWO of the following:
(a) Dollar Diplomacy (b) Cold War
(c) Eisenhower Doctrine (d) U - 2 Incident
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