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  #11  
Old Tuesday, August 21, 2012
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Originally Posted by ssara View Post
Q:1- What are the basic/fundamental problems of Human life and also explain their solutions?(NB-CSS2013)(16 Marks)

Introduction:
By human nature, there are some questions which have outstanding importance and are highly required to get them solved i.e. Who has created this universe? Why the universe has been created? Who has created it? What is the purpose of Man creation? Has man any relationship with his Creator? What is the end of this universe and What will be the life after death? Will it be another world? These are the basic questions since the advancement of human’s life, and these sorts of questions have been hurdles before its prosperity and soul? Therefore, Science, Philosophy and religion have answered these sorts of problems.

Basic Problems of Human Life and Science
Science has tried its best to answer the above questions in order to solve these fundamental problems. However, science has not touched the human soul. Undoubtedly, science has going into the cell and has elaborated it into many particles but has not given the answer of solution. Science has also not answered that Why this universe has been created. Rather, It has been said that the universe came into being owing to an explosion i.e. Big Bang theory. On the other hand, science has reached to the other planets even man has paced on the moon but they have not answered that how this universe came and what is the puppies of this universe. Besides, Science is silent regarding life after death. Science has not given the crystal clear answer about the life and its importance and its end. Therefore, it can be said that Science has provided nearly each an every thing which is based on observation and experiment. But, it has not solved the basic problems of human life which are also related to the human soul. Therefore, let us to find the solution to somewhere else.

Basic Problems of Human Life and Philosophy

Philosophy is the second one source which has tried its best to answer these sorts of question. But the questions have not been solved so far with satisfactory by its philosophies and theories. According to philosopher this universe was come into exist owing to a sudden clash. It was the philosopher whose name was Democritus, he further said that the universe was came accidentally and there is no purpose of this universe creation. However, according to science and other sources it has been crystal clear that every thing has its own importance of its existence in this universe. In this connection any thing can be taken for an instance, for example seas, mountains, moon, the sun have own importance and they provide us their fruitful service. Seas provide fishes, diamonds, diverse living species and also the root for our boats. The mountains give us the coal, iron, stone, minerals and also diverse things which have been immensely beneficial for human’s life. Similarly, the Sun provides solar energy which is beneficial for plants, human and animals for getting diverse energies in order to get their lives alive. Therefore, his philosophy becomes after these concrete evidences. However, on the other hand socrate, plato and aristotle gave their own analysis and philosophies for the creation of universe and the purpose of this universe as well. But, their philosophies based on their own analysis. According to their philosophies there are many things which would have been proven wrong, which had given by them. In their time it was considered that the earth was not round and spherical but it would have been wrong after the advancement of science. It can be conclude the philosophy has also not given the solution of the fundamental problems of the human life.

Basic Problems of Human Life and Religion
Religion is the prime source which has solved these complicated problems exclusively. Religion gives the concept of this universe and its existence. Besides, religion teaches the human being that the human has to spend his life according to a certain code of conduct. If some one does wrong deeds, he will be punished and if he does good deeds then he will surly be rewarded by his Creator what is called in the different religions in different names. However, the religion also provides the crystal clear solution regarding this materialistic world and life after death. Therefore, after getting solved these sorts of problems by religions, the human being has been in peace and has got prosperity to the great extend and spirituality for spending his life according to a certain religions. In this regard, religion has provided for a code of life-both worldly and spiritual. In this regards, the Islam has an outstanding significance because it is the true deen which provide each an every thing for human life and its way of life. That’s why it is called Islam is the complete code of life, Islam based on Wahy/revelation which came through the Prophets in different occisaon. However, our last Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) Who is the messenger of ALLAH and gave us the complete deen e Islam. So, it is the best source and has sovled the basic problem of human life. One must has to spend his/her life according to Quran and Hadith, because it is the true way of life and it gives the peace spiritually. In the last sermon of the Holy Prophet (SAW) said that He has provided us the complete code of life in order to spend our life, no doubt it is the divine source and it is the complete way of life and it is the solution of humna’s fundamental or basic problems. Therefore, there are many relegions, but among them deen e Islam has an outstanding importance and it is the true deen and solves the all basic problems which have not been solved by the other religions exclusively.

Conclusion

To the conclude, the religion is the best solution of all the said problems, because it provides each an every thing i.e. solution of the universe, about its creation, regarding human being’s life and its importance as well its purpose and concerning the end of life and after death what will be happened means every thing even provides the notion about the relationship among the Creator and creations. No doubt every religion has provided nearly same way of life in order to spend ones life but in different beliefs, for example in Hinduism or in Christianity or similar in other so-called religions a person who commits bad deeds he/she will be punished after his/her death during the day of his/her judgement, similarly as the same case with Islam, but the difference is that Islam is the complete code of life and based on concrete and crystal clear sense which can not be get wronged, in this regard the Quran and Hadith are the excellent sources. No one can point out even a mere mistake from them. However, Philosophy, Science have been failed to solve the basic problems of human life and the religion is the prime source and has solved the fundamental problems of human life in all perspective.


All active members (shakeel, fassi, pearlyS, pearly13, alikhoso(hashmat) shahreena and other members are highly requested to start attempting your answers and criticize and point out my attempt as much as you can it would be highly appreciated......

Thanks

Regards.......

Sara......
Eid Mubarik.


Excellent attempt, you are going as high as a kite.

Suggestions
In middle you have beaten a dead horese, sara avoid it, make your answer clear. you must Cut to the Chase and avoid typo errors, there are many mistakes, may be are typo, will check your and other members' grammatical errors from next answers.


you have attained 10/16


ALLAH BLESS YOU.
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  #12  
Old Wednesday, August 22, 2012
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Where are you Shakeel, Fassi, PearlyS, Pearly and tobabar..............I am going to post second question but waiting for you, especially shaeek come down dear..........


Thanks........


Sara........
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  #13  
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Q:2- When and how was the revelation (Wahi) started? Explain also the reality of Wahi?
(16 Marks)(Most expected Q. for CSS-2012)
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Old Wednesday, August 22, 2012
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Quote:
Originally Posted by ssara View Post
Q:1- What are the basic/fundamental problems of Human life and also explain their solutions?(NB-CSS2013)(16 Marks)

Introduction:
By human nature, there are some questions which have outstanding importance and are highly required to get them solved i.e. Who has created this universe? Why the universe has been created? Who has created it? What is the purpose of Man creation? Has man any relationship with his Creator? What is the end of this universe and What will be the life after death? Will it be another world? These are the basic questions since the advancement of human’s life, and these sorts of questions have been hurdles before its prosperity and soul? Therefore, Science, Philosophy and religion have answered these sorts of problems.

Basic Problems of Human Life and Science
Science has tried its best to answer the above questions in order to solve these fundamental problems. However, science has not touched the human soul. Undoubtedly, science has going into the cell and has elaborated it into many particles but has not given the answer of solution. Science has also not answered that Why this universe has been created. Rather, It has been said that the universe came into being owing to an explosion i.e. Big Bang theory. On the other hand, science has reached to the other planets even man has paced on the moon but they have not answered that how this universe came and what is the puppies of this universe. Besides, Science is silent regarding life after death. Science has not given the crystal clear answer about the life and its importance and its end. Therefore, it can be said that Science has provided nearly each an every thing which is based on observation and experiment. But, it has not solved the basic problems of human life which are also related to the human soul. Therefore, let us to find the solution to somewhere else.

Basic Problems of Human Life and Philosophy

Philosophy is the second one source which has tried its best to answer these sorts of question. But the questions have not been solved so far with satisfactory by its philosophies and theories. According to philosopher this universe was come into exist owing to a sudden clash. It was the philosopher whose name was Democritus, he further said that the universe was came accidentally and there is no purpose of this universe creation. However, according to science and other sources it has been crystal clear that every thing has its own importance of its existence in this universe. In this connection any thing can be taken for an instance, for example seas, mountains, moon, the sun have own importance and they provide us their fruitful service. Seas provide fishes, diamonds, diverse living species and also the root for our boats. The mountains give us the coal, iron, stone, minerals and also diverse things which have been immensely beneficial for human’s life. Similarly, the Sun provides solar energy which is beneficial for plants, human and animals for getting diverse energies in order to get their lives alive. Therefore, his philosophy becomes after these concrete evidences. However, on the other hand socrate, plato and aristotle gave their own analysis and philosophies for the creation of universe and the purpose of this universe as well. But, their philosophies based on their own analysis. According to their philosophies there are many things which would have been proven wrong, which had given by them. In their time it was considered that the earth was not round and spherical but it would have been wrong after the advancement of science. It can be conclude the philosophy has also not given the solution of the fundamental problems of the human life.

Basic Problems of Human Life and Religion
Religion is the prime source which has solved these complicated problems exclusively. Religion gives the concept of this universe and its existence. Besides, religion teaches the human being that the human has to spend his life according to a certain code of conduct. If some one does wrong deeds, he will be punished and if he does good deeds then he will surly be rewarded by his Creator what is called in the different religions in different names. However, the religion also provides the crystal clear solution regarding this materialistic world and life after death. Therefore, after getting solved these sorts of problems by religions, the human being has been in peace and has got prosperity to the great extend and spirituality for spending his life according to a certain religions. In this regard, religion has provided for a code of life-both worldly and spiritual. In this regards, the Islam has an outstanding significance because it is the true deen which provide each an every thing for human life and its way of life. That’s why it is called Islam is the complete code of life, Islam based on Wahy/revelation which came through the Prophets in different occisaon. However, our last Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) Who is the messenger of ALLAH and gave us the complete deen e Islam. So, it is the best source and has sovled the basic problem of human life. One must has to spend his/her life according to Quran and Hadith, because it is the true way of life and it gives the peace spiritually. In the last sermon of the Holy Prophet (SAW) said that He has provided us the complete code of life in order to spend our life, no doubt it is the divine source and it is the complete way of life and it is the solution of humna’s fundamental or basic problems. Therefore, there are many relegions, but among them deen e Islam has an outstanding importance and it is the true deen and solves the all basic problems which have not been solved by the other religions exclusively.

Conclusion

To the conclude, the religion is the best solution of all the said problems, because it provides each an every thing i.e. solution of the universe, about its creation, regarding human being’s life and its importance as well its purpose and concerning the end of life and after death what will be happened means every thing even provides the notion about the relationship among the Creator and creations. No doubt every religion has provided nearly same way of life in order to spend ones life but in different beliefs, for example in Hinduism or in Christianity or similar in other so-called religions a person who commits bad deeds he/she will be punished after his/her death during the day of his/her judgement, similarly as the same case with Islam, but the difference is that Islam is the complete code of life and based on concrete and crystal clear sense which can not be get wronged, in this regard the Quran and Hadith are the excellent sources. No one can point out even a mere mistake from them. However, Philosophy, Science have been failed to solve the basic problems of human life and the religion is the prime source and has solved the fundamental problems of human life in all perspective.


All active members (shakeel, fassi, pearlyS, pearly13, alikhoso(hashmat) shahreena and other members are highly requested to start attempting your answers and criticize and point out my attempt as much as you can it would be highly appreciated......

Thanks

Regards.......

Sara......

Very nice attempt. In this question you did not evaluate that how human being think for getting knowledge and how can a people justify the sources which you have mentioned, meant you have to throw light on Fundamental Problems and Knowledge of human being such as in science, philosophy, mediation and divine revelation. Nonetheless, it is a nice writes up....I give you 9/16.

Keep it up sara g.
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Q: When and how was the revelation (Wahi) started? Explain also the reality of Wahi?
Ans:
Outlines

1. Introduction
2. Guidance through Revelation
3. Meaning and Forms of Wahi
4. Means of Revelation
5. The Quran Revealed to Muahmmad (SAW)
6. The Descent of the Quran
7. Beginning of Revelation
8. How Revelation Came
9. The First Revelation
10. Revelation Sent Down in Stages
11. The Hidden Reality of Revelation
12. Sources of Knowledge
13. Limited Scope of these Sources
14. The Ultimate Source
15. Conclusion



1. Introduction
Allah, the Creator, has not only brought about the creation but continues to sustain and direct it in the way that, He has created humans and all that is around them. He has provided many forms of guidance, indeed, a system of guiding principles, a part of which are the laws of nature.
But, Almighty Allah has also granted a special form of guidance to mankind from the outset of its occupancy of the earth. He promised Adam and his descendants,

“We said: “Get down all of you from this place (the Paradise), then whenever there comes to you Guidance from Me, and whoever follows My guidance, there shall be no fear on them, nor shall they grieve.”
(Surah Baqarah:38)


2. Guidance through Revelation
Guidance through Revelation We call a man whom Allah, in His own way, grants His guidance, a prophet (Nabi) or messenger (rasul). Prophets receive the word of Allah through revelation and then communicate it to their followers. In the Quran, Allah says,

"Verily, We have sent the revelation to you (O Muhammad (SAW)) as We sent the revelation to Nuh (Noah) and the Prophets after him; We (also) sent the revelation to Ibrahim (Abraham), Isma'il (Ishmael), Ishaq (Isaac), Ya'qub (Jacob) and Al-Asbat [the offspring of the twelve sons of Ya'qub (Jacob) Isa (Jesus), Ayyub (fob), Yunus (Jonah), Harun (Aaron), and Sulaiman (Solomon); and to Dawud (David) We gave the Zabur (Psalms). And Messengers We have mentioned to you before, and Messengers We have not mentioned to you, - and to Musa (Moses) Allah spoke directly. Messenger as bearers of good news as well as of warning, in order that, mankind should have no plea against Allah after the (coming of) Messengers. And Allah is Ever All-Powerful, All-Wise."
(Surah Nisaa: 163-165)


3. Meaning and Forms of Wahi
The word revealed refers to the Arabic root wahi, which means inspiration. The Arabic verb awha (revealed), from which the noun wahi (revelation) is derived, occurs in a number of shades of meaning in the Quran, each of them indicating the main underlying idea of inspiration: directing or guiding someone. The following examples show some of these types of wahi.

 Guidance by Nature Institution
Almighty Allah says,
“And We inspired the mother of Moses….”
(Surrah Qasas:7)

 Guidance by Natural Instinct
Almighty Allah says,

"And your Lord inspired the bees, saying, "Choose your habitations in the hills and in the trees and in that which they thatch." (Surah Nahl: 68)

 Guidance by Signs
Almighty Allah says,
"Then he came out to his people from Al-Mihrab (a praying place or a private room), and he told them by signs to glorify Allah's Praises in the morning and in the afternoon."
(Surah Mat-yam: 11)
 Guidance against Evil
Almighty Allah says,
"And so We have appointed for every Prophet enemies - Shayatin (devils) among mankind and jinn, inspiring one another with adorned speech as a delusion (or by way of deception)" (Surah Anam: 112)

 Guidance Solely From Allah
Almighty Allah says,
"(Remember) when your Lord inspired the angels, (saying), "I am with you...."
(Surah Anfal: 12)

4. Means of Revelation
Means of Revelation Wahi, in the sense of revelation, refers to Allah's guidance for people that was sent down to the prophets, who received it through one of the means mentioned in the following Quranic verse:

"It is not fitting for any man that Allah should speak to him except by inspiration, or from behind a veil, or by sending a messenger to reveal, with Allah's permission, what Allah wills, for He is Most High, Most Wise." (Surah Shura: 51)

From this verse, it is obvious that all prophets must have received the revelation through one of the following means:
1. Inspiration:
for example, in a dream as that which Ibrahim received while asleep, to sacrifice his son
2. Hidden speech:
as Allah spoke to Moses.
3. Words (speech) sent by Allah through a special messenger as the Angel:
For instance Gabriel was sent to the Prophet Muhammad (SAW). That is the most common way of wahi.

5. The Quran Revealed to Muhammad (SAW)
Prophet Muhammad (SAW), the last of Allah's messengers, received the revelation of the Quran through a special messenger sent by Allah for this purpose: the Angel Gabriel, who recited to him Allah's exact words.

6. The Descent of the Quran
According to many Muslim scholars, like As-Suyuti, on the basis of three reports from Abdullah ibn Abbas, in Al-Hakim, Al-Baihaqi and An-Nasal, the Quran descended in two stages:
 From Al-Lawh Al-Mahfuz (the Well-Preserved Tablet) to the lowest of the heavens (Bayt-ul-Izzah) of the world, altogether, on Laylat Al-Qadr (the Night of Power)
 From the heavens to earth in stages throughout the 23 years of Muhammad’s (SAW) prophethood, starting on Laylat Al-Qadr of Ramadan, through Angel Gabriel.


7. Beginning of Revelation

The revelation of the Quran began on Laylat Al-Qadr of Ramadan, after the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) had passed the 40th year of his life (that is around the year 610), during his seclusion in the cave of 'Hira' on a mountain near Makkah.

This is the account, as reported in Al-Bukhari:

'A 'ishah (RA), the Mother of the Believers, narrated, "The commencement of the divine inspiration to the Prophet (SAW) started in the form of good.d reams which came true like bright daylight and then the love of seclusion was bestowed upon him. He used to go in seclusion in the cave of 'Hira' where he used to worship Allah alone, continuously for many days before his desire to see his family. He used to take enough food for many nights and then come back to (his wife) Khadijah to take his food likewise again. Suddenly the truth descended upon him while he was in the cave of 'Hira'.The angel came to him and asked him to read. The Prophet (SAW) replied, "I do not know how to read." The Prophet (SAW) added, "The angel caught me (forcibly) and pressed me so hard that I could not bear it any more. He then released me and again asked me to read. I replied, "I do not know how to read". Thereupon, he caught me again and pressed me a second time till I could not bear it any more. He then released me and again asked me to read, but again I replied, "I do not know how to read" (or what shall I read?). Thereupon, he caught me for the third time and pressed me, and then released me and said, "Read! In the Name of your Lord, Who has created (all that exists), has created man from something that clings. Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous, Who has taught (the writing) by the pen, has taught man that which he knew not."

The narration goes on to tell that the Prophet (SAW) went back to his wife Khadijah (R.A) and recounted to her his dreadful experience. She comforted him and both of them consulted Khadijah's (R.A) relative and a learned Christian scholar, Warqa bin Naufal bin Asad bin 'Abdul 'Uzza, about it. Warqa, who during the PreIslamic Period became a Christian and used to write the writing with Hebrew letters. He would write from the Gospel in Hebrew as much as Allah wished him to write. He was an old man and had lost his eyesight. Khadija said to Warqa, "Listen to the story of your nephew, 0 my cousin!" Warqa asked, "0 my nephew! What have you seen?" Allah's Apostle (SAW) described whatever he (SAW) had seen. Warqa said, "This is the same one who keeps the secrets (angel Gabriel) whom Allah had sent to Moses. I wish, I were young and could live up to the time when your people would turn you out." Allah's Apostle (SAW) asked, "Will they drive me out?" Warqa replied in the affirmative and said, "Anyone (man) who came with something similar to what you have brought was treated with hostility; and if I should remain alive till the day when you will be turned out then I would support you strongly." But, after a few days Warqa died and the Divine Inspiration was also paused for a while.

8. How Revelation Came
The Quran was revealed in stages over a period of 23 years and not as a complete book in one single act of revelation.
'A'ishah, the Mother of the Believers (R.A), narrated that Al-Harith ibn Hisham asked the Prophet (SAW): "0 Allah's Apostle (SAW). How is the divine inspiration revealed to you?" The Prophet (SAW) replied,
"Sometimes, it is "revealed" like the ringing of a bell, this is the hardest of all, and then it passes off after I have grasped what is inspired. Sometimes, the Angel comes in the form of a man and talks to me and I grasp whatever he says." (Al-Bukhari)

9. The First Received Revelation

The first revelation that Prophet Muhammad received is the first 5 verses from Surat Al-'Alaq:

"Read! In the Name of your Lord, Who has created (all that exists), has created man from something that clings. Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous, Who has taught (the writing) by the pen, has taught man that which he knew not."
(Surah Alaq: 1-5)
10. Revelation Sent Down in Stages
The Quran was revealed in stages over a period of 23 years, and not as a complete book in one single act of revelation. There are a number of reasons for this, of which the most important are the following:
 Strengthening the heart of the Prophet (SAW) by addressing him continuously and whenever the need for guidance arose.
 Considering the Prophet's well-being, since revelation was a very difficult experience for him.
 Gradually implementing Allah's ordainments.
 Making understanding, application, and memorization of the revelation easier for Muslims

11. The Hidden Reality of Revelation
Every Muslim knows that Allah Almighty has sent man into this world as a matter of test, and in return for his being obligated with certain duties, the whole universe has been placed at his service. For this reason man, once he is in the world, must do two things:
1. He should make the best use of this world and of things created in it.
2. While using this world to his advantage, he should keep the injunctions of Allah Almighty in sight and do nothing that goes against His will and pleasure.

12. Sources of Knowledge
For performing these two functions, man needs knowledge. Therefore, unless he knows the reality of this world, the properties of different things and the manners in which they can be put to use, he cannot use anything in this world to his advantage. Likewise, unless and until he knows the will of Allah Almighty, as to what pleases Him and what displeases Him, it will be impossible for him to lead a life in line with the will of Allah Almighty.
So Allah Almighty, along with the creation of man, has created three things through which he could continue receiving knowledge of the above-mentioned matters of concern. These are:
1. Man's senses, that is, the eyes, the ears, the nose, the mouth, the hands and the feet.
2. The reason
3. The Revelation (Wahi)
Consequently, man finds out many things through his senses, many others through reason, and the knowledge of things he cannot get through these two sources, is bestowed upon him through Wahi.


13. Limited Scope of the Source
The arrangement between these three sources of knowledge is such that each one has its limits and a particular sphere of activity beyond which it does not work. In natural sequence, the man collects the knowledge of things through his senses, cannot be deduced through bland reason. For instance, you know by seeing a wall with your eyes that its colour is white. But, should you close your eyes and try to find out the colour of that wall on the sole strength of your reason, this will then be impossible. Similarly, the knowledge of things that comes through reason cannot be discovered by senses alone. For instance, you cannot find out as to who made that wall by simply seeing it with your eyes or touching it with your hands. Not at all, you rather need reason to arrive at that conclusion.
In short, reason gives no guidance as far as the five senses work efficiently and when the five senses become helpless, reason starts functioning. But, even the guidance given by this reason is not unlimited. This too stops at a certain limit.

14. The Ultimate Source
There are things, the knowledge of which can neither be acquired through senses nor through reason. For instance, to find out about this very wall, as to what manner of its use will please Allah Almighty and what manner of its use will displease Him, is possible neither through senses nor through reason. In order to give man the answer to such questions, the source that Allah Almighty has prescribed is what is known as Wahi. And, the method it follows is that Allah Almighty selects one of His servants, ordains him as His messenger and to him He reveals His Word. This Word is Wahi.
This makes it clear that Wahi is the highest source of knowledge for man which offers to him the answer to questions about his life which cannot be solved by means of reason and senses, but, he still has to have that knowledge. This further explains that reason and perception alone are not enough to show man the way.

15. Conclusion

It is absolutely necessary and almost inevitable, that the Divine Wahi be there for his guidance. Since Wahi is basically needed where reason does not work, it is, therefore, not necessary that everything communicated through Wahi be compulsively comprehended through reason. On the contrary, as reason is no help in finding out the colour of some object since that is the job of the senses, so is the knowledge of many religious beliefs, the gracious giving of which is the sole prerogative of Wahi and not of reason. Furthermore, trusting reason alone for their comprehension is not sound and correct. This makes it crystal clear that Wahi is not only a religious belief but also a rational need the rejection of which amounts to a rejection of the ultimate wisdom of Allah Almighty.
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Q:2- When and how was the revelation (Wahi) started? Explain also the reality of Wahi?

Wahi is the source through which Allah communicates his guidance to the mankind. There are innumerable secretes related to man's life and universe around him for which human tendencies can never help him to divulge them. When man looks around him and on his own being a number of questions arise in his mind. He tries to ponder who am I? Who is my creator? Why has I been created? What is the purpose of my life? Is there any other world after death? Am I a responsible being? What my Creator wants from me? How could I come to know His will and injunctions? What is right and what is wrong? What is the proper way of living a life? To know the answer of these and many other likewise questions is the fundamental need of every man. When a man comes to believe that he has been assigned with a responsibility by his creator that is to worship Him and to Obey Him, it becomes obvious to find out His injunctions and will, Because obedience is done to injunctions. So, man becomes curious to know that what is the will of his Creator. He becomes anxious to know the will of His creator. Without knowing the answer of these fundamental questions, one can not take even a single step on the path of submission. So, it is pertinent to ask as to what may be the source to discern these realities..

Importance of these fundamental questions has been apparent from the above discussion. We can make it still more clear by saying that, to know these things is as important for man as food and water for his survival. Question arises that what may be the source of having such knowledge. Lets see first of all how much man's own capabilities can help him in this regard.

@Senses..
Senses are the first and foremost source by which humans come to know about world around them. They provide us with the window through which we can perceive our surroundings. Question is whether these sources are capable enough to provide us the answer of these fundamental questions? the answer is no? Through these sources we can just perceive the material things. They can no way help us in understanding these metaphysical realities. Senses are helpless in this regard. We can prove this truth by an example. Say for instance, we are not able to see the world with closed eyes, nor any other sense can play the function of eyes. similarly, ears are limited in their function as they could only hear the voice. In short, we can say that senses are limited in their approach. So, with such limited abilities they can never help in knowing those things which existed beyond our life domain. The shortcoming of senses in this regard is beyond any doubt.

@Wisdom..
Human wisdom has helped him a lot to find out effective ways for existence on this globe. In fact, it is his wisdom which distinguishes man from other beings. But, by the matter of fact, wisdom too does not provide us any help in knowing about such realities whose relationship is with man's soul. wisdom just corroborates the veracity of such things that they exist, but does not possess credentials to provide answer or solutions of such problems. It is dependent on senses. Wisdom just enables us to interpret whatever our senses can perceive. And we know that senses can perceive only the material objects. So, this second source is also not much better that the first one. We are unable to know the will of our Creator by using our intellectual capacities. Nevertheless, When man tries to find out the answer of such questions through his wisdom, it is known as philosophy. It is man's own interpretation of life and an attempt to distinguish wrong from right. But, undoubtedly, this is no way a solution of problem as shortcomings of man's reasoning are beyond doubt.

@Intuition..
Another source of knowing the injunctions of Allah is man's own intuition and will power. But this source also is not much better than others. The most vigorous efforts of self-effacement cannot help to attain this objective. One cannot see His injunctions and will reflect in the mirror of one's heart, irrespective of how much pure it is. If a mirror has to reflect anything, it is not enough that it should be clean and glossy. It is also equally necessary that what is to be reflected should be close and expose to it. Until and unless Allah Himself communicates His will and injunction, no one can determine them regardless of the purification of his heart. No one has claimed that Allah has devised this system for communicating His injunctions and will. So, it is abundantly clear that intuition too is not capable of knowing the answer of fundametal questions. It is also as helpless in this regard as senses and wisdom.

@Revelation (Wahi)
It stands established that all tendencies of man cannot help him in knowing the purpose of his creation. Allah has created man for His worship and obedience, so it is beyond His justice and Mercy to devoid man of these fundamental needs. He did not delay even a day. He established the institution of prophethood to provide man with guidance of right and wrong. Allah taught His prophets all His will and injunctions through 'Wahi'. It is the only source of knowledge through which man can know the answer of those fundamental questions which are anyhow beyond his approach to know about through his own abilities. Wahi is sent only on prophets and they alone have been the ultimate source through which men could know the truth of life and will of Creator. This is why to have faith in the prophethood is vital. In the absence of prophethood we would even fail to know Allah and afterlife, what to say of Divine guidance. In the view of this need, Allah has sent His prophets to every nation for communicating His message. It is written in Holy Quran:

And there is not a nation but a warner hath passed among them (35:24)
'And verily We have raised in every nation a messenger, (proclaiming): Serve Allah and shun false gods ' (16:36).

It is clear that Allah has communicated His messages to every nation through Wahi which he revealed upon his pious and esteemed people(prophets). It is also abundantly clear that Wahi is the only source of acquiring the knowledge of Allah's will. Man cannot live a life according to the desire of his Creator if he does not have belief in 'Wahi'.. The only source of finding out the answers of all fundamental questions is wahi. Man's prosperity in this world and salvation in the Hereafter depend on following the path which his creator has provide him. If one deviates from that path, he will make a hash of his life. And that path of guidance and obedience has been shown to us by Allah almighty through revelations.

From above discussion it is abundantly clear that man has only one source of knowing the will of his Creator and that is wahi. It is also plainly understandable that Allah has bestowed every nation with guidance through this source. From Adam a.s till Muhammad s.a.w, a chain of prophethood was established for the guidance of mankind. Now that chain has been ceased, and the guidance has been completed upon last Prophet s.a.w. Now the only source of guidance is Islam. Allah has abrogated all previous religions. No other religion is acceptable to Allah. This claim is not a freak of faith, but the human wisdom also corroborates the veracity of this assertion. If we carefully examine the practical form of submission for which man is created, we will come to know that all previous guidance will not suffice the need of this submission to Allah. Previous religions which, undoubtedly, had come in the form of 'wahi' have been vanished or adulterated by their followers. Now, the Islam is the only religion which has all injunctions in preserved form for living the life according to the will of Allah. Now, no guidance will come in the form of 'wahi', therefore it is vital for humans to understand that what is the purpose of their life and where they could get the answer of fundamental questions from. There is, indeed, the Creator of this universe and He has created this awesome system for a specific purpose. Human just need to contemplate around them and then try to find out the answer of questions which are related to their well-being in this world and hereafter.


All dear members, especially sara, fassi, pearlyS, peal013, shehreena, alihashmat, and others are requested to evaluate my attempt. please, do point out my mistakes. And I also request to all active members to start sending their attempts..

Regards..
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Quote:
Originally Posted by sabaparvezz View Post
Q: When and how was the revelation (Wahi) started? Explain also the reality of Wahi?
Ans:
Outlines

1. Introduction
2. Guidance through Revelation
3. Meaning and Forms of Wahi
4. Means of Revelation
5. The Quran Revealed to Muahmmad (SAW)
6. The Descent of the Quran
7. Beginning of Revelation
8. How Revelation Came
9. The First Revelation
10. Revelation Sent Down in Stages
11. The Hidden Reality of Revelation
12. Sources of Knowledge
13. Limited Scope of these Sources
14. The Ultimate Source
15. Conclusion



1. Introduction
Allah, the Creator, has not only brought about the creation but continues to sustain and direct it in the way that, He has created humans and all that is around them. He has provided many forms of guidance, indeed, a system of guiding principles, a part of which are the laws of nature.
But, Almighty Allah has also granted a special form of guidance to mankind from the outset of its occupancy of the earth. He promised Adam and his descendants,

“We said: “Get down all of you from this place (the Paradise), then whenever there comes to you Guidance from Me, and whoever follows My guidance, there shall be no fear on them, nor shall they grieve.”
(Surah Baqarah:38)


2. Guidance through Revelation
Guidance through Revelation We call a man whom Allah, in His own way, grants His guidance, a prophet (Nabi) or messenger (rasul). Prophets receive the word of Allah through revelation and then communicate it to their followers. In the Quran, Allah says,

"Verily, We have sent the revelation to you (O Muhammad (SAW)) as We sent the revelation to Nuh (Noah) and the Prophets after him; We (also) sent the revelation to Ibrahim (Abraham), Isma'il (Ishmael), Ishaq (Isaac), Ya'qub (Jacob) and Al-Asbat [the offspring of the twelve sons of Ya'qub (Jacob) Isa (Jesus), Ayyub (fob), Yunus (Jonah), Harun (Aaron), and Sulaiman (Solomon); and to Dawud (David) We gave the Zabur (Psalms). And Messengers We have mentioned to you before, and Messengers We have not mentioned to you, - and to Musa (Moses) Allah spoke directly. Messenger as bearers of good news as well as of warning, in order that, mankind should have no plea against Allah after the (coming of) Messengers. And Allah is Ever All-Powerful, All-Wise."
(Surah Nisaa: 163-165)


3. Meaning and Forms of Wahi
The word revealed refers to the Arabic root wahi, which means inspiration. The Arabic verb awha (revealed), from which the noun wahi (revelation) is derived, occurs in a number of shades of meaning in the Quran, each of them indicating the main underlying idea of inspiration: directing or guiding someone. The following examples show some of these types of wahi.

 Guidance by Nature Institution
Almighty Allah says,
“And We inspired the mother of Moses….”
(Surrah Qasas:7)

 Guidance by Natural Instinct
Almighty Allah says,

"And your Lord inspired the bees, saying, "Choose your habitations in the hills and in the trees and in that which they thatch." (Surah Nahl: 68)

 Guidance by Signs
Almighty Allah says,
"Then he came out to his people from Al-Mihrab (a praying place or a private room), and he told them by signs to glorify Allah's Praises in the morning and in the afternoon."
(Surah Mat-yam: 11)
 Guidance against Evil
Almighty Allah says,
"And so We have appointed for every Prophet enemies - Shayatin (devils) among mankind and jinn, inspiring one another with adorned speech as a delusion (or by way of deception)" (Surah Anam: 112)

 Guidance Solely From Allah
Almighty Allah says,
"(Remember) when your Lord inspired the angels, (saying), "I am with you...."
(Surah Anfal: 12)

4. Means of Revelation
Means of Revelation Wahi, in the sense of revelation, refers to Allah's guidance for people that was sent down to the prophets, who received it through one of the means mentioned in the following Quranic verse:

"It is not fitting for any man that Allah should speak to him except by inspiration, or from behind a veil, or by sending a messenger to reveal, with Allah's permission, what Allah wills, for He is Most High, Most Wise." (Surah Shura: 51)

From this verse, it is obvious that all prophets must have received the revelation through one of the following means:
1. Inspiration:
for example, in a dream as that which Ibrahim received while asleep, to sacrifice his son
2. Hidden speech:
as Allah spoke to Moses.
3. Words (speech) sent by Allah through a special messenger as the Angel:
For instance Gabriel was sent to the Prophet Muhammad (SAW). That is the most common way of wahi.

5. The Quran Revealed to Muhammad (SAW)
Prophet Muhammad (SAW), the last of Allah's messengers, received the revelation of the Quran through a special messenger sent by Allah for this purpose: the Angel Gabriel, who recited to him Allah's exact words.

6. The Descent of the Quran
According to many Muslim scholars, like As-Suyuti, on the basis of three reports from Abdullah ibn Abbas, in Al-Hakim, Al-Baihaqi and An-Nasal, the Quran descended in two stages:
 From Al-Lawh Al-Mahfuz (the Well-Preserved Tablet) to the lowest of the heavens (Bayt-ul-Izzah) of the world, altogether, on Laylat Al-Qadr (the Night of Power)
 From the heavens to earth in stages throughout the 23 years of Muhammad’s (SAW) prophethood, starting on Laylat Al-Qadr of Ramadan, through Angel Gabriel.


7. Beginning of Revelation

The revelation of the Quran began on Laylat Al-Qadr of Ramadan, after the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) had passed the 40th year of his life (that is around the year 610), during his seclusion in the cave of 'Hira' on a mountain near Makkah.

This is the account, as reported in Al-Bukhari:

'A 'ishah (RA), the Mother of the Believers, narrated, "The commencement of the divine inspiration to the Prophet (SAW) started in the form of good.d reams which came true like bright daylight and then the love of seclusion was bestowed upon him. He used to go in seclusion in the cave of 'Hira' where he used to worship Allah alone, continuously for many days before his desire to see his family. He used to take enough food for many nights and then come back to (his wife) Khadijah to take his food likewise again. Suddenly the truth descended upon him while he was in the cave of 'Hira'.The angel came to him and asked him to read. The Prophet (SAW) replied, "I do not know how to read." The Prophet (SAW) added, "The angel caught me (forcibly) and pressed me so hard that I could not bear it any more. He then released me and again asked me to read. I replied, "I do not know how to read". Thereupon, he caught me again and pressed me a second time till I could not bear it any more. He then released me and again asked me to read, but again I replied, "I do not know how to read" (or what shall I read?). Thereupon, he caught me for the third time and pressed me, and then released me and said, "Read! In the Name of your Lord, Who has created (all that exists), has created man from something that clings. Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous, Who has taught (the writing) by the pen, has taught man that which he knew not."

The narration goes on to tell that the Prophet (SAW) went back to his wife Khadijah (R.A) and recounted to her his dreadful experience. She comforted him and both of them consulted Khadijah's (R.A) relative and a learned Christian scholar, Warqa bin Naufal bin Asad bin 'Abdul 'Uzza, about it. Warqa, who during the PreIslamic Period became a Christian and used to write the writing with Hebrew letters. He would write from the Gospel in Hebrew as much as Allah wished him to write. He was an old man and had lost his eyesight. Khadija said to Warqa, "Listen to the story of your nephew, 0 my cousin!" Warqa asked, "0 my nephew! What have you seen?" Allah's Apostle (SAW) described whatever he (SAW) had seen. Warqa said, "This is the same one who keeps the secrets (angel Gabriel) whom Allah had sent to Moses. I wish, I were young and could live up to the time when your people would turn you out." Allah's Apostle (SAW) asked, "Will they drive me out?" Warqa replied in the affirmative and said, "Anyone (man) who came with something similar to what you have brought was treated with hostility; and if I should remain alive till the day when you will be turned out then I would support you strongly." But, after a few days Warqa died and the Divine Inspiration was also paused for a while.

8. How Revelation Came
The Quran was revealed in stages over a period of 23 years and not as a complete book in one single act of revelation.
'A'ishah, the Mother of the Believers (R.A), narrated that Al-Harith ibn Hisham asked the Prophet (SAW): "0 Allah's Apostle (SAW). How is the divine inspiration revealed to you?" The Prophet (SAW) replied,
"Sometimes, it is "revealed" like the ringing of a bell, this is the hardest of all, and then it passes off after I have grasped what is inspired. Sometimes, the Angel comes in the form of a man and talks to me and I grasp whatever he says." (Al-Bukhari)

9. The First Received Revelation

The first revelation that Prophet Muhammad received is the first 5 verses from Surat Al-'Alaq:

"Read! In the Name of your Lord, Who has created (all that exists), has created man from something that clings. Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous, Who has taught (the writing) by the pen, has taught man that which he knew not."
(Surah Alaq: 1-5)
10. Revelation Sent Down in Stages
The Quran was revealed in stages over a period of 23 years, and not as a complete book in one single act of revelation. There are a number of reasons for this, of which the most important are the following:
 Strengthening the heart of the Prophet (SAW) by addressing him continuously and whenever the need for guidance arose.
 Considering the Prophet's well-being, since revelation was a very difficult experience for him.
 Gradually implementing Allah's ordainments.
 Making understanding, application, and memorization of the revelation easier for Muslims

11. The Hidden Reality of Revelation
Every Muslim knows that Allah Almighty has sent man into this world as a matter of test, and in return for his being obligated with certain duties, the whole universe has been placed at his service. For this reason man, once he is in the world, must do two things:
1. He should make the best use of this world and of things created in it.
2. While using this world to his advantage, he should keep the injunctions of Allah Almighty in sight and do nothing that goes against His will and pleasure.

12. Sources of Knowledge
For performing these two functions, man needs knowledge. Therefore, unless he knows the reality of this world, the properties of different things and the manners in which they can be put to use, he cannot use anything in this world to his advantage. Likewise, unless and until he knows the will of Allah Almighty, as to what pleases Him and what displeases Him, it will be impossible for him to lead a life in line with the will of Allah Almighty.
So Allah Almighty, along with the creation of man, has created three things through which he could continue receiving knowledge of the above-mentioned matters of concern. These are:
1. Man's senses, that is, the eyes, the ears, the nose, the mouth, the hands and the feet.
2. The reason
3. The Revelation (Wahi)
Consequently, man finds out many things through his senses, many others through reason, and the knowledge of things he cannot get through these two sources, is bestowed upon him through Wahi.


13. Limited Scope of the Source
The arrangement between these three sources of knowledge is such that each one has its limits and a particular sphere of activity beyond which it does not work. In natural sequence, the man collects the knowledge of things through his senses, cannot be deduced through bland reason. For instance, you know by seeing a wall with your eyes that its colour is white. But, should you close your eyes and try to find out the colour of that wall on the sole strength of your reason, this will then be impossible. Similarly, the knowledge of things that comes through reason cannot be discovered by senses alone. For instance, you cannot find out as to who made that wall by simply seeing it with your eyes or touching it with your hands. Not at all, you rather need reason to arrive at that conclusion.
In short, reason gives no guidance as far as the five senses work efficiently and when the five senses become helpless, reason starts functioning. But, even the guidance given by this reason is not unlimited. This too stops at a certain limit.

14. The Ultimate Source
There are things, the knowledge of which can neither be acquired through senses nor through reason. For instance, to find out about this very wall, as to what manner of its use will please Allah Almighty and what manner of its use will displease Him, is possible neither through senses nor through reason. In order to give man the answer to such questions, the source that Allah Almighty has prescribed is what is known as Wahi. And, the method it follows is that Allah Almighty selects one of His servants, ordains him as His messenger and to him He reveals His Word. This Word is Wahi.
This makes it clear that Wahi is the highest source of knowledge for man which offers to him the answer to questions about his life which cannot be solved by means of reason and senses, but, he still has to have that knowledge. This further explains that reason and perception alone are not enough to show man the way.

15. Conclusion

It is absolutely necessary and almost inevitable, that the Divine Wahi be there for his guidance. Since Wahi is basically needed where reason does not work, it is, therefore, not necessary that everything communicated through Wahi be compulsively comprehended through reason. On the contrary, as reason is no help in finding out the colour of some object since that is the job of the senses, so is the knowledge of many religious beliefs, the gracious giving of which is the sole prerogative of Wahi and not of reason. Furthermore, trusting reason alone for their comprehension is not sound and correct. This makes it crystal clear that Wahi is not only a religious belief but also a rational need the rejection of which amounts to a rejection of the ultimate wisdom of Allah Almighty.
We all welcome you to this thread. Your attempt is nice. But I would like to give you few recommendations, hoping that you will keep them in view while sending your next attempt. Try to write as much in your own words as possible. Write precisely. If you write too lengthy, it will be difficult for others to point out your mistakes or evaluate your attempt. I am giving you 9/16 marks.

I hope that you will be the permanent member of our group and keep up sending your attempts in the same way. We shall be appreciating your efforts. It is highly beneficial practice because in this way we come to know about many of our mistakes which our respected members point out. In addition, it provides us with an art of expressing our ideas in an appropriate manner which is an inevitable requirement for css.

Regards..
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  #18  
Old Friday, August 24, 2012
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Quote:
Originally Posted by shakeel ghori View Post
Q:2- When and how was the revelation (Wahi) started? Explain also the reality of Wahi?

Wahi is the source through which Allah communicates his guidance to the mankind. There are innumerable secretes related to man's life and universe around him for which human tendencies can never help him to divulge them. When man looks around him and on his own being a number of questions arise in his mind. He tries to ponder who am I? Who is my creator? Why has I been created? What is the purpose of my life? Is there any other world after death? Am I a responsible being? What my Creator wants from me? How could I come to know His will and injunctions? What is right and what is wrong? What is the proper way of living a life? To know the answer of these and many other likewise questions is the fundamental need of every man. When a man comes to believe that he has been assigned with a responsibility by his creator that is to worship Him and to Obey Him, it becomes obvious to find out His injunctions and will, Because obedience is done to injunctions. So, man becomes curious to know that what is the will of his Creator. He becomes anxious to know the will of His creator. Without knowing the answer of these fundamental questions, one can not take even a single step on the path of submission. So, it is pertinent to ask as to what may be the source to discern these realities..

Importance of these fundamental questions has been apparent from the above discussion. We can make it still more clear by saying that, to know these things is as important for man as food and water for his survival. Question arises that what may be the source of having such knowledge. Lets see first of all how much man's own capabilities can help him in this regard.

@Senses..
Senses are the first and foremost source by which humans come to know about world around them. They provide us with the window through which we can perceive our surroundings. Question is whether these sources are capable enough to provide us the answer of these fundamental questions? the answer is no? Through these sources we can just perceive the material things. They can no way help us in understanding these metaphysical realities. Senses are helpless in this regard. We can prove this truth by an example. Say for instance, we are not able to see the world with closed eyes, nor any other sense can play the function of eyes. similarly, ears are limited in their function as they could only hear the voice. In short, we can say that senses are limited in their approach. So, with such limited abilities they can never help in knowing those things which existed beyond our life domain. The shortcoming of senses in this regard is beyond any doubt.

@Wisdom..
Human wisdom has helped him a lot to find out effective ways for existence on this globe. In fact, it is his wisdom which distinguishes man from other beings. But, by the matter of fact, wisdom too does not provide us any help in knowing about such realities whose relationship is with man's soul. wisdom just corroborates the veracity of such things that they exist, but does not possess credentials to provide answer or solutions of such problems. It is dependent on senses. Wisdom just enables us to interpret whatever our senses can perceive. And we know that senses can perceive only the material objects. So, this second source is also not much better that the first one. We are unable to know the will of our Creator by using our intellectual capacities. Nevertheless, When man tries to find out the answer of such questions through his wisdom, it is known as philosophy. It is man's own interpretation of life and an attempt to distinguish wrong from right. But, undoubtedly, this is no way a solution of problem as shortcomings of man's reasoning are beyond doubt.

@Intuition..
Another source of knowing the injunctions of Allah is man's own intuition and will power. But this source also is not much better than others. The most vigorous efforts of self-effacement cannot help to attain this objective. One cannot see His injunctions and will reflect in the mirror of one's heart, irrespective of how much pure it is. If a mirror has to reflect anything, it is not enough that it should be clean and glossy. It is also equally necessary that what is to be reflected should be close and expose to it. Until and unless Allah Himself communicates His will and injunction, no one can determine them regardless of the purification of his heart. No one has claimed that Allah has devised this system for communicating His injunctions and will. So, it is abundantly clear that intuition too is not capable of knowing the answer of fundametal questions. It is also as helpless in this regard as senses and wisdom.

@Revelation (Wahi)
It stands established that all tendencies of man cannot help him in knowing the purpose of his creation. Allah has created man for His worship and obedience, so it is beyond His justice and Mercy to devoid man of these fundamental needs. He did not delay even a day. He established the institution of prophethood to provide man with guidance of right and wrong. Allah taught His prophets all His will and injunctions through 'Wahi'. It is the only source of knowledge through which man can know the answer of those fundamental questions which are anyhow beyond his approach to know about through his own abilities. Wahi is sent only on prophets and they alone have been the ultimate source through which men could know the truth of life and will of Creator. This is why to have faith in the prophethood is vital. In the absence of prophethood we would even fail to know Allah and afterlife, what to say of Divine guidance. In the view of this need, Allah has sent His prophets to every nation for communicating His message. It is written in Holy Quran:

And there is not a nation but a warner hath passed among them (35:24)
'And verily We have raised in every nation a messenger, (proclaiming): Serve Allah and shun false gods ' (16:36).

It is clear that Allah has communicated His messages to every nation through Wahi which he revealed upon his pious and esteemed people(prophets). It is also abundantly clear that Wahi is the only source of acquiring the knowledge of Allah's will. Man cannot live a life according to the desire of his Creator if he does not have belief in 'Wahi'.. The only source of finding out the answers of all fundamental questions is wahi. Man's prosperity in this world and salvation in the Hereafter depend on following the path which his creator has provide him. If one deviates from that path, he will make a hash of his life. And that path of guidance and obedience has been shown to us by Allah almighty through revelations.

From above discussion it is abundantly clear that man has only one source of knowing the will of his Creator and that is wahi. It is also plainly understandable that Allah has bestowed every nation with guidance through this source. From Adam a.s till Muhammad s.a.w, a chain of prophethood was established for the guidance of mankind. Now that chain has been ceased, and the guidance has been completed upon last Prophet s.a.w. Now the only source of guidance is Islam. Allah has abrogated all previous religions. No other religion is acceptable to Allah. This claim is not a freak of faith, but the human wisdom also corroborates the veracity of this assertion. If we carefully examine the practical form of submission for which man is created, we will come to know that all previous guidance will not suffice the need of this submission to Allah. Previous religions which, undoubtedly, had come in the form of 'wahi' have been vanished or adulterated by their followers. Now, the Islam is the only religion which has all injunctions in preserved form for living the life according to the will of Allah. Now, no guidance will come in the form of 'wahi', therefore it is vital for humans to understand that what is the purpose of their life and where they could get the answer of fundamental questions from. There is, indeed, the Creator of this universe and He has created this awesome system for a specific purpose. Human just need to contemplate around them and then try to find out the answer of questions which are related to their well-being in this world and hereafter.


All dear members, especially sara, fassi, pearlyS, peal013, shehreena, alihashmat, and others are requested to evaluate my attempt. please, do point out my mistakes. And I also request to all active members to start sending their attempts..

Regards..
Very good attempt, you have nearly covered the question, but one thing is missing in my view that try to give ahadith and aya if it is possible. But other wise your answer is good, well balanced, and in this attempt you deserve 12/16.............

and I am going to post my answer now......

I wish you best of Luck.........

Thanks........

Regards........
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Old Friday, August 24, 2012
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Q:3- What is the need of religion and its role in human life?
(16 Marks)(Most expected Q. for CSS-2012)
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Old Friday, August 24, 2012
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Quote:
Originally Posted by sabaparvezz View Post
Q: When and how was the revelation (Wahi) started? Explain also the reality of Wahi?
Ans:
Outlines

1. Introduction
2. Guidance through Revelation
3. Meaning and Forms of Wahi
4. Means of Revelation
5. The Quran Revealed to Muahmmad (SAW)
6. The Descent of the Quran
7. Beginning of Revelation
8. How Revelation Came
9. The First Revelation
10. Revelation Sent Down in Stages
11. The Hidden Reality of Revelation
12. Sources of Knowledge
13. Limited Scope of these Sources
14. The Ultimate Source
15. Conclusion



1. Introduction
Allah, the Creator, has not only brought about the creation but continues to sustain and direct it in the way that, He has created humans and all that is around them. He has provided many forms of guidance, indeed, a system of guiding principles, a part of which are the laws of nature.
But, Almighty Allah has also granted a special form of guidance to mankind from the outset of its occupancy of the earth. He promised Adam and his descendants,

“We said: “Get down all of you from this place (the Paradise), then whenever there comes to you Guidance from Me, and whoever follows My guidance, there shall be no fear on them, nor shall they grieve.”
(Surah Baqarah:38)


2. Guidance through Revelation
Guidance through Revelation We call a man whom Allah, in His own way, grants His guidance, a prophet (Nabi) or messenger (rasul). Prophets receive the word of Allah through revelation and then communicate it to their followers. In the Quran, Allah says,

"Verily, We have sent the revelation to you (O Muhammad (SAW)) as We sent the revelation to Nuh (Noah) and the Prophets after him; We (also) sent the revelation to Ibrahim (Abraham), Isma'il (Ishmael), Ishaq (Isaac), Ya'qub (Jacob) and Al-Asbat [the offspring of the twelve sons of Ya'qub (Jacob) Isa (Jesus), Ayyub (fob), Yunus (Jonah), Harun (Aaron), and Sulaiman (Solomon); and to Dawud (David) We gave the Zabur (Psalms). And Messengers We have mentioned to you before, and Messengers We have not mentioned to you, - and to Musa (Moses) Allah spoke directly. Messenger as bearers of good news as well as of warning, in order that, mankind should have no plea against Allah after the (coming of) Messengers. And Allah is Ever All-Powerful, All-Wise."
(Surah Nisaa: 163-165)


3. Meaning and Forms of Wahi
The word revealed refers to the Arabic root wahi, which means inspiration. The Arabic verb awha (revealed), from which the noun wahi (revelation) is derived, occurs in a number of shades of meaning in the Quran, each of them indicating the main underlying idea of inspiration: directing or guiding someone. The following examples show some of these types of wahi.

 Guidance by Nature Institution
Almighty Allah says,
“And We inspired the mother of Moses….”
(Surrah Qasas:7)

 Guidance by Natural Instinct
Almighty Allah says,

"And your Lord inspired the bees, saying, "Choose your habitations in the hills and in the trees and in that which they thatch." (Surah Nahl: 68)

 Guidance by Signs
Almighty Allah says,
"Then he came out to his people from Al-Mihrab (a praying place or a private room), and he told them by signs to glorify Allah's Praises in the morning and in the afternoon."
(Surah Mat-yam: 11)
 Guidance against Evil
Almighty Allah says,
"And so We have appointed for every Prophet enemies - Shayatin (devils) among mankind and jinn, inspiring one another with adorned speech as a delusion (or by way of deception)" (Surah Anam: 112)

 Guidance Solely From Allah
Almighty Allah says,
"(Remember) when your Lord inspired the angels, (saying), "I am with you...."
(Surah Anfal: 12)

4. Means of Revelation
Means of Revelation Wahi, in the sense of revelation, refers to Allah's guidance for people that was sent down to the prophets, who received it through one of the means mentioned in the following Quranic verse:

"It is not fitting for any man that Allah should speak to him except by inspiration, or from behind a veil, or by sending a messenger to reveal, with Allah's permission, what Allah wills, for He is Most High, Most Wise." (Surah Shura: 51)

From this verse, it is obvious that all prophets must have received the revelation through one of the following means:
1. Inspiration:
for example, in a dream as that which Ibrahim received while asleep, to sacrifice his son
2. Hidden speech:
as Allah spoke to Moses.
3. Words (speech) sent by Allah through a special messenger as the Angel:
For instance Gabriel was sent to the Prophet Muhammad (SAW). That is the most common way of wahi.

5. The Quran Revealed to Muhammad (SAW)
Prophet Muhammad (SAW), the last of Allah's messengers, received the revelation of the Quran through a special messenger sent by Allah for this purpose: the Angel Gabriel, who recited to him Allah's exact words.

6. The Descent of the Quran
According to many Muslim scholars, like As-Suyuti, on the basis of three reports from Abdullah ibn Abbas, in Al-Hakim, Al-Baihaqi and An-Nasal, the Quran descended in two stages:
 From Al-Lawh Al-Mahfuz (the Well-Preserved Tablet) to the lowest of the heavens (Bayt-ul-Izzah) of the world, altogether, on Laylat Al-Qadr (the Night of Power)
 From the heavens to earth in stages throughout the 23 years of Muhammad’s (SAW) prophethood, starting on Laylat Al-Qadr of Ramadan, through Angel Gabriel.


7. Beginning of Revelation

The revelation of the Quran began on Laylat Al-Qadr of Ramadan, after the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) had passed the 40th year of his life (that is around the year 610), during his seclusion in the cave of 'Hira' on a mountain near Makkah.

This is the account, as reported in Al-Bukhari:

'A 'ishah (RA), the Mother of the Believers, narrated, "The commencement of the divine inspiration to the Prophet (SAW) started in the form of good.d reams which came true like bright daylight and then the love of seclusion was bestowed upon him. He used to go in seclusion in the cave of 'Hira' where he used to worship Allah alone, continuously for many days before his desire to see his family. He used to take enough food for many nights and then come back to (his wife) Khadijah to take his food likewise again. Suddenly the truth descended upon him while he was in the cave of 'Hira'.The angel came to him and asked him to read. The Prophet (SAW) replied, "I do not know how to read." The Prophet (SAW) added, "The angel caught me (forcibly) and pressed me so hard that I could not bear it any more. He then released me and again asked me to read. I replied, "I do not know how to read". Thereupon, he caught me again and pressed me a second time till I could not bear it any more. He then released me and again asked me to read, but again I replied, "I do not know how to read" (or what shall I read?). Thereupon, he caught me for the third time and pressed me, and then released me and said, "Read! In the Name of your Lord, Who has created (all that exists), has created man from something that clings. Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous, Who has taught (the writing) by the pen, has taught man that which he knew not."

The narration goes on to tell that the Prophet (SAW) went back to his wife Khadijah (R.A) and recounted to her his dreadful experience. She comforted him and both of them consulted Khadijah's (R.A) relative and a learned Christian scholar, Warqa bin Naufal bin Asad bin 'Abdul 'Uzza, about it. Warqa, who during the PreIslamic Period became a Christian and used to write the writing with Hebrew letters. He would write from the Gospel in Hebrew as much as Allah wished him to write. He was an old man and had lost his eyesight. Khadija said to Warqa, "Listen to the story of your nephew, 0 my cousin!" Warqa asked, "0 my nephew! What have you seen?" Allah's Apostle (SAW) described whatever he (SAW) had seen. Warqa said, "This is the same one who keeps the secrets (angel Gabriel) whom Allah had sent to Moses. I wish, I were young and could live up to the time when your people would turn you out." Allah's Apostle (SAW) asked, "Will they drive me out?" Warqa replied in the affirmative and said, "Anyone (man) who came with something similar to what you have brought was treated with hostility; and if I should remain alive till the day when you will be turned out then I would support you strongly." But, after a few days Warqa died and the Divine Inspiration was also paused for a while.

8. How Revelation Came
The Quran was revealed in stages over a period of 23 years and not as a complete book in one single act of revelation.
'A'ishah, the Mother of the Believers (R.A), narrated that Al-Harith ibn Hisham asked the Prophet (SAW): "0 Allah's Apostle (SAW). How is the divine inspiration revealed to you?" The Prophet (SAW) replied,
"Sometimes, it is "revealed" like the ringing of a bell, this is the hardest of all, and then it passes off after I have grasped what is inspired. Sometimes, the Angel comes in the form of a man and talks to me and I grasp whatever he says." (Al-Bukhari)

9. The First Received Revelation

The first revelation that Prophet Muhammad received is the first 5 verses from Surat Al-'Alaq:

"Read! In the Name of your Lord, Who has created (all that exists), has created man from something that clings. Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous, Who has taught (the writing) by the pen, has taught man that which he knew not."
(Surah Alaq: 1-5)
10. Revelation Sent Down in Stages
The Quran was revealed in stages over a period of 23 years, and not as a complete book in one single act of revelation. There are a number of reasons for this, of which the most important are the following:
 Strengthening the heart of the Prophet (SAW) by addressing him continuously and whenever the need for guidance arose.
 Considering the Prophet's well-being, since revelation was a very difficult experience for him.
 Gradually implementing Allah's ordainments.
 Making understanding, application, and memorization of the revelation easier for Muslims

11. The Hidden Reality of Revelation
Every Muslim knows that Allah Almighty has sent man into this world as a matter of test, and in return for his being obligated with certain duties, the whole universe has been placed at his service. For this reason man, once he is in the world, must do two things:
1. He should make the best use of this world and of things created in it.
2. While using this world to his advantage, he should keep the injunctions of Allah Almighty in sight and do nothing that goes against His will and pleasure.

12. Sources of Knowledge
For performing these two functions, man needs knowledge. Therefore, unless he knows the reality of this world, the properties of different things and the manners in which they can be put to use, he cannot use anything in this world to his advantage. Likewise, unless and until he knows the will of Allah Almighty, as to what pleases Him and what displeases Him, it will be impossible for him to lead a life in line with the will of Allah Almighty.
So Allah Almighty, along with the creation of man, has created three things through which he could continue receiving knowledge of the above-mentioned matters of concern. These are:
1. Man's senses, that is, the eyes, the ears, the nose, the mouth, the hands and the feet.
2. The reason
3. The Revelation (Wahi)
Consequently, man finds out many things through his senses, many others through reason, and the knowledge of things he cannot get through these two sources, is bestowed upon him through Wahi.


13. Limited Scope of the Source
The arrangement between these three sources of knowledge is such that each one has its limits and a particular sphere of activity beyond which it does not work. In natural sequence, the man collects the knowledge of things through his senses, cannot be deduced through bland reason. For instance, you know by seeing a wall with your eyes that its colour is white. But, should you close your eyes and try to find out the colour of that wall on the sole strength of your reason, this will then be impossible. Similarly, the knowledge of things that comes through reason cannot be discovered by senses alone. For instance, you cannot find out as to who made that wall by simply seeing it with your eyes or touching it with your hands. Not at all, you rather need reason to arrive at that conclusion.
In short, reason gives no guidance as far as the five senses work efficiently and when the five senses become helpless, reason starts functioning. But, even the guidance given by this reason is not unlimited. This too stops at a certain limit.

14. The Ultimate Source
There are things, the knowledge of which can neither be acquired through senses nor through reason. For instance, to find out about this very wall, as to what manner of its use will please Allah Almighty and what manner of its use will displease Him, is possible neither through senses nor through reason. In order to give man the answer to such questions, the source that Allah Almighty has prescribed is what is known as Wahi. And, the method it follows is that Allah Almighty selects one of His servants, ordains him as His messenger and to him He reveals His Word. This Word is Wahi.
This makes it clear that Wahi is the highest source of knowledge for man which offers to him the answer to questions about his life which cannot be solved by means of reason and senses, but, he still has to have that knowledge. This further explains that reason and perception alone are not enough to show man the way.

15. Conclusion

It is absolutely necessary and almost inevitable, that the Divine Wahi be there for his guidance. Since Wahi is basically needed where reason does not work, it is, therefore, not necessary that everything communicated through Wahi be compulsively comprehended through reason. On the contrary, as reason is no help in finding out the colour of some object since that is the job of the senses, so is the knowledge of many religious beliefs, the gracious giving of which is the sole prerogative of Wahi and not of reason. Furthermore, trusting reason alone for their comprehension is not sound and correct. This makes it crystal clear that Wahi is not only a religious belief but also a rational need the rejection of which amounts to a rejection of the ultimate wisdom of Allah Almighty.

First of all welcome in this thread and you have done well, but dear it seems an essay so try to attempt it according to your question what is asked. But over all, you have presented each an every thing. I appreciate this but according to the question what is asked you deserve 10/16....


Thanks.....

Regards.......
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