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  #21  
Old Sunday, July 10, 2011
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Verbs that require an infinitive or an -ing form in the complement

S = Subject; V = Verb; C = Complement; M = Modifier

S V C M

We had planned to go the day before yesterday

Remember that the following verbs require an infinitive in the complement: agree, decide, expect, fail, hope, intend, learn, plan, promise, refuse, want.

Avoid using an -ing form after the verbs listed. Avoid using a verb word after want.

S = Subject; V = Verb; C = Complement; M = Modifier

S V C M

He enjoys traveling by plane

Remember that the following verbs require an -ing form in the complement: admit, appreciate, avoid, consider, deny, enjoy, finish, practice, quit, regret, risk, stop.

Avoid using an infinitive after the verbs lIsted.

Forbid may be used with either an infinitive or an -ing complement, but forbid from is not idiomatic.

S = Subject; V Ph = Verb Phrase; C = Complement; M = Modifier

S V Ph C M

She forgot about canceling her appointment

Remember that the following verb phrases require an -ing form in the complement: approve of, be better off, can't help, count on, do not mind, forget about, get through, insist on, keep on, look forward to, object to, think about, think of.

Avoid using an infinitive after the verb phrases listed.

Avoid using a verb word after look forward to and object to.

EXAMPLE:

Incorrect:


She is considering not to go.

Correct:


She is considering not going.
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  #22  
Old Monday, July 01, 2013
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thanks. Its very informative. Could you tell me what adjectives that require an-ing form with verb? e.g, Nice meeting you. Is it same for all other adjectives???
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But every sentence of English never followed by a subject and main verb because we have Non-finite verbs which never follow the subject and main verb.In précis we use finite verbs because subject and main verb are not followed by Finite verbs which help us to bring down the numbers of words in our précis.
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  #24  
Old Sunday, September 14, 2014
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Warrior King View Post
thanks. Its very informative. Could you tell me what adjectives that require an-ing form with verb? e.g, Nice meeting you. Is it same for all other adjectives???
Problems with Verbs in English Grammar

1. VERBS THAT REQUIRE AN INFINITIVE OR –ING FORM IN THE COMPLEMENT

a) Verbs that require infinitive

agree
hope
promise
attempt
hope
propose
claim
intend
refuse
decide
learn

demand
mean
seem
expect
need
tend
fail
offer
try
forget
plan
want
have
prepare
want
hesitate
pretend
wish

SUBJECT +
VERB + (ANY FORM)
VERB AS COMPLEMENT + INFINITIVE
MODIFIER
I
have decided
to learn
English since last year


b) Verbs that require gerund (-ing form)

admit
mind
resent
appreciate
miss
resist
avoid
postpone
resume
can’t help
practice
risk
consider
quit
stop
deny
recall
suggest
enjoy
regret

finish
report

SUBJECT+
VERB+
GERUND +
MODIFIER
I
can’t risk
going
alone.


c) Verbs that use either (infinite or gerund) and the sentence has the same meaning

begin
like
can’t stand
love
continue
prefer
hate
start
SUBJECT+
VERB+
GERUND
MODIFIER (same meaning)
SUBJECT+
VERB+
INFINITIVE
MODIFIER (same meaning)
He
likes
to go
to the summer parties.
He
likes
going
to the summer parties.


d) Verbs that use either (infinitive or gerund) and the sentence has a different meaning

stop
remember
forget
SUBJECT+
VERB+
GERUND
MODIFIER (different meaning)
SUBJECT+
VERB+
INFINITIVE
MODIFIER (different meaning)
He
stopped
studying.
(forever)
He
stopped
to study.
(to do something else)


e) Verb Phases + gerund (-ing)

approve of
forget about
look forward to
be better of
get through
object to
can’t help
insist on
think about
count on
keep on
think of
do not mind


SUBJECT+
VERB PHRASE
GERUND+
MODIFIER
He
has been looking forward
to meeting
you.


f) Verb + Preposition + gerund (-ing)

Prepositions:
of, at, in, without, in spite of, because of, on account of, out of, through, from, owing to, as a result of, thanks to, by virtue of, by means of, in exchange for, in return for, on the strength of, in view of, in the light of, in the face of, for fear of, for lack of, for want of, with.


SUBJECT+
VERB+
PREPOSITION +
GERUND +
MODIFIER
He
drives
without
looking
back.


g) Adjectives + infinitive

able
difficult
pleased
anxious
eager
prepared
boring
easy
ready
common
good
strange
dangerous
hard
usual

SUBJECT+
BE+
ADJETIVE+
INFINITIVE
It
is
dangerous
to drive without a belt.
NOTE: The verb capable has the same meaning of “able” but it appears in this form:
Capable+ of+ verb-ing
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  #25  
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Which on of the following is grammatically correct?
1. After the mistake, he was relieved of his duties.
OR
After the mistake, he was relieved off his duties.
OR
After the mistake, he was relieved from his duties.
2. Rs.5500/- (Rupees Five thousand and five hundred only)
OR
Rs.5500/- (Rupees Five thousands and five hundreds only)

I have read following sentence in dawn newspaper but i need help in differentiating between following sentences:-
1. In August this year the PTI chief had announced that Reham Khan, will not be playing an active role in party affairs, following "attacks" on his then wife in the aftermath of the party's defeat in the NA-19 (Haripur) by-polls.
&

In August this year the PTI chief had announced that Reham Khan, will not play an active role in party affairs, following "attacks" on his then wife in the aftermath of the party's defeat in the NA-19 (Haripur) by-polls.

Last edited by Man Jaanbazam; Saturday, October 31, 2015 at 10:16 AM. Reason: merge chain posts
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Old Saturday, October 31, 2015
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Quote:
Originally Posted by arshadhashmi View Post
Which on of the following is grammatically correct?
1. After the mistake, he was relieved of his duties.
OR
After the mistake, he was relieved off his duties.
OR
After the mistake, he was relieved from his duties.
2. Rs.5500/- (Rupees Five thousand and five hundred only)
OR
Rs.5500/- (Rupees Five thousands and five hundreds only)
1.
Relieve one of one's duties:
To dismiss someone from employment
After the mistake, he was relieved of his duties.

2.
Usually we use 'hundred' when we count them: one, two, fifteen, etc.
We use 'hundreds' when we don't count them: Hundreds of birds landed to rest in my backyard. It means a lot.

So in your case
Rs.5500/- (Rupees Five thousands and five hundred only) is preferred.
Quote:
Originally Posted by arshadhashmi View Post
I have read following sentence in dawn newspaper but i need help in differentiating between following sentences:-
1. In August this year the PTI chief had announced that Reham Khan, will not be playing an active role in party affairs, following "attacks" on his then wife in the aftermath of the party's defeat in the NA-19 (Haripur) by-polls.
&

In August this year the PTI chief had announced that Reham Khan, will not play an active role in party affairs, following "attacks" on his then wife in the aftermath of the party's defeat in the NA-19 (Haripur) by-polls.


a.We can use 'will be doing' to talk about something that will be in progress at a particular moment in the future. We can use 'will be doing' to talk about future events that are fixed or decided or to predict what is happening now. "Will be" is concerned with the sequence of events between the beginning and the end.

b. "Will" is used for essentially a statement of fact. You are giving information. or "Will" often suggests that a speaker will do something voluntarily. Often, we use "will" to respond to someone else's complaint or request for help.
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Last edited by Man Jaanbazam; Saturday, October 31, 2015 at 10:16 AM.
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